Seit über hundert Jahren ist die Modellierung mit Hilfe von vielen zufälligen Partikeln eine übliche Herangehensweise an das Studium von Vorgängen und Phänomenen in den Naturwissenschaften. Seit dem 19. Jahrhundert haben sich Naturwissenschaftler an die Idee gewöhnt, dass Dinge wie Flüssigkeiten, Gase, Licht und [feste] Materialien sich vorgestellt werden können als eine riesige Anzahl von Teilchen, die mit einander wechselwirken. Daher wurden und werden immer mehr Modelle aufgestellt und mathematisch analysiert, die auf mikroskopischer Ebene durch eine große Anzahl von Teilchen und einer Formulierung der Regeln der Wechselwirkungen zwischen ihnen definiert werden. Dabei wird oft ein stochastischer Ansatz gemacht, d.h. die Teilchen unterliegen stochastischen Regeln betreffs ihrer Aufenthaltsorte bzw. ihrer Bewegungen. Weitere Zutaten in den Modellen können zufällige Umgebungen sein oder auch Stochastizität in den Interaktionen. Wir unterscheiden dynamische Modelle, in denen die Teilchen sich zufällig bewegen, und statische Modelle, in denen sie sich nicht bewegen.

Die Aufgabe ist dann, das makroskopische Verhalten der Gesamtheit zu finden, mathematisch zu erklären und ggf. mit experimentellen Daten in Einklang zu bringen. In vielen Fällen besteht die Aufgabe darin, Methoden zu finden oder anwendbar zu machen für die Beschreibung der wichtigen Ordnungsparameter und für den Beweis entscheidender Eigenschaften von ihnen. Ein typisches Beispiel für einen wichtigen Ordnungsparameter ist der empirische Durchschnitt der Partikel, der oft (nach evtl. einer geeigneten Mittelung) zusammenfassend approximativ beschrieben werden kann durch eine einzige Gleichung, die in den meisten Fällen eine Differentialgleichung ist. Dies wird oft im sogenannten thermodynamischen Grenzwert gemacht, wo sehr viele Partikel in einer großen Box betrachtet werden, aber die Anzahl der Partikel pro Einheitsvolumen festgehalten wird, oder im hydrodynamischen Grenzwert, wo ebenfalls viele Partikel betrachtet werden, aber die Box nicht groß wird. Auch die Aufenthaltswahrscheinlichkeiten der Partikel nach Bildung des Durchschnitts können interessante Gleichungen erfüllen. Manche solcher Gleichungen wurden schon lange studiert, bevor sie aus Partikelmodellen hergeleitet wurden.

Gerade in der Physik und Chemie haben sich einige Modellansätze durchgesetzt als extrem guter Kompromiss zwischen Realitätsnähe und Handhabbarkeit. Statische, atomistische Vielkörpersysteme zum Beispiel werden oft durch eine Energiefunktion beschrieben, die jeder Konfiguration aufgrund ihrer Wechselwirkungen eine Energie zuordnet und damit ein Wahrscheinlichkeitsgewicht, das gleich dem negativen Exponential der Energie ist. Solche Maße heißen Gibbsmaße; sie bevorzugen Konfigurationen mit geringer Energie. Ein Beispiel ist ein Salzkristall, das aus geladenen Teilchen (Ionen) besteht, die ihre gesamte elektrostatische Potentialenergie minimieren wollen. Andere Systeme, insbesondere wenn sie bei positiver Temperatur betrachtet werden, enthalten Irrfahrten bzw. Brown'sche Bewegungen, die miteinander reagieren (z.B. koagulieren), wenn sie sich nahe kommen (siehe das Anwendungsthema Koagulation). Hierbei wird z.B. die Formierung von Rußteilchen in Flammen modelliert. Eine andere Klasse von stochastischen Partikelmodellen sind Familien von interagierenden stochastischen (partiellen) Differentialgleichungen, wie sie etwa seit kurzem in der Modellierung von Ladungsvorgängen in Batterien eingesetzt werden (siehe das Anwendungsthema Thermodynamische Modelle für elektrochemische Prozesse).

Beitrag des Instituts

Atomistische statische Modelle für interagierende Vielkörpersysteme werden mit Hilfe einer Paarenergie mit Lennard-Jones-Potential beschrieben, in denen die Teilchen sich nicht häufen, sondern jeweils einen gewissen positiven Abstand zu einander einnehmen wollen. Ein anderes Beispiel ist das Bose-Gas, in denen jedes Partikel zusätzlich noch eine kinetische Energie besitzt. Die Fragen betreffen im ersten Modell die Bildung von Clustern sowie Kristallisierungsphänomene und im zweiten Fall Kondensationsphänomene, siehe das Mathematische Thema Große Abweichungen.

Krystallstruktur neben unstrukturierten Klumpen
Eine Realisierung eines Vielkörpersystems, das unten rechts ein kleines Kristall vorweist.

Modelle mit vielen zufälligen Partikeln werden auch in der Technik in der Beschreibung von großen drahtlosen Telekommunikationssystemen eingesetzt; die Partikel sind hier die Geräte der Benutzer. Wenn keine Bewegung der Benutzer betrachtet wird, modellieren wir die Aufenthaltsorte der Geräte mit Poisson'schen Punktprozessen, aber für sich bewegende Benutzer ist derzeit noch nicht klar, welche Bewegungsmodelle für welche Situationen eingesetzt werden sollten. Interaktionen zwischen den Partikeln kommen von ihrem räumlichen Abstand, denn nur wenn der klein genug ist, kann eine Nachricht übertragen werden; siehe das Anwendungsthema Mobile Kommunikationsnetzwerke. In diesem Bereich werden Methoden aus der Theorie der Großen Abweichungen (siehe das Mathematische Thema Große Abweichungen) zur Analyse der Standorte von den Geräten eingesetzt. Durch die Minimierung einer Entropie unter Nebenbedingungen charakterisieren wir auch die wichtigsten Teilchenkonfigurationen, in denen keine effektive Netzwerkbildung möglich ist.

Für dynamische Modelle sind am WIAS eine ganze Reihe von hydrodynamischen Grenzresultaten etabliert (siehe das Anwendungsthema Koagulation), die elastisch kollidierende Gasmoleküle betreffen sowie die Bildung von Ruß und chemische Reaktionen. Sie führen auf kinetische Gleichungen (siehe das Mathemathetische Thema Nichtlineare kinetische Gleichung). Darüber hinaus wurde für eine Verallgemeinerung des Modells ein dynamisches Prinzip der Großen Abweichungen hergeleitet. Ferner wurde durch weitere analytische Methoden eine entropie-ähnlichen freie Energie und deren Dissipationspotenziale identifiziert, die zusammen eine Gradienten-Struktur bilden, wodurch eine ausführlichere Beschreibung der Dynamik und der Wirkung von Störungen möglich wird.

In der Biologie ist die Definition von geeigneten stochastischen Partikelmodellen noch lange nicht abgeschlossen, die Modellierung ist in stetem Fluss. Etablierte Modelle für Populationen und deren Bewegungen sind zum Beispiel räumliche Verzweigungsprozesse mit zufälliger Bewegung, die am WIAS in zufälliger Umgebung betrachtet werden; siehe das Mathematische Thema Spektraltheorie zufälliger Operatoren. Weitere Modelle aus der Biologie werden im Anwendungsgebiet Stochastische biologische Evolution beschrieben.


Publikationen

  Monografien

  • B. Jahnel, W. König, Probabilistic Methods in Telecommunications, D. Mazlum, ed., Compact Textbooks in Mathematics, Birkhäuser Basel, 2020, XI, 200 pages, (Monograph Published), DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-36090-0 .
    Abstract
    This textbook series presents concise introductions to current topics in mathematics and mainly addresses advanced undergraduates and master students. The concept is to offer small books covering subject matter equivalent to 2- or 3-hour lectures or seminars which are also suitable for self-study. The books provide students and teachers with new perspectives and novel approaches. They may feature examples and exercises to illustrate key concepts and applications of the theoretical contents. The series also includes textbooks specifically speaking to the needs of students from other disciplines such as physics, computer science, engineering, life sciences, finance.

  • W. König, Große Abweichungen, Techniken und Anwendungen, M. Brokate, A. Heinze , K.-H. Hoffmann , M. Kang , G. Götz , M. Kerz , S. Otmar, eds., Mathematik Kompakt, Birkhäuser Basel, 2020, VIII, 167 pages, (Monograph Published), DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-52778-5 .
    Abstract
    Die Lehrbuchreihe Mathematik Kompakt ist eine Reaktion auf die Umstellung der Diplomstudiengänge in Mathematik zu Bachelor- und Masterabschlüssen. Inhaltlich werden unter Berücksichtigung der neuen Studienstrukturen die aktuellen Entwicklungen des Faches aufgegriffen und kompakt dargestellt. Die modular aufgebaute Reihe richtet sich an Dozenten und ihre Studierenden in Bachelor- und Masterstudiengängen und alle, die einen kompakten Einstieg in aktuelle Themenfelder der Mathematik suchen. Zahlreiche Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben stehen zur Verfügung, um die Anwendung der Inhalte zu veranschaulichen. Kompakt: relevantes Wissen auf 150 Seiten Lernen leicht gemacht: Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben veranschaulichen die Anwendung der Inhalte Praktisch für Dozenten: jeder Band dient als Vorlage für eine 2-stündige Lehrveranstaltung

  • P. Exner, W. König, H. Neidhardt, eds., Mathematical Results in Quantum Mechanics. Proceedings of the QMath12 Conference, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2015, xii+383 pages, (Collection Published).

  Artikel in Referierten Journalen

  • A. Agazzi, L. Andreis, R.I.A. Patterson, D.R.M. Renger, Large deviations for Markov jump processes with uniformly diminishing rates, , published online: 20.07.2022 (2022), DOI 10.1016/j.spa.2022.06.017 .
    Abstract
    We prove a large-deviation principle (LDP) for the sample paths of jump Markov processes in the small noise limit when, possibly, all the jump rates vanish uniformly, but slowly enough, in a region of the state space. We further show that our assumptions on the decay of the jump rates are optimal. As a direct application of this work we relax the assumptions needed for the application of LDPs to, e.g., Chemical Reaction Network dynamics, where vanishing reaction rates arise naturally particularly the context of Mass action kinetics.

  • N. Engler, B. Jahnel, Ch. Külske, Gibbsianness of locally thinned random fields, Markov Processes and Related Fields, 28 (2022), pp. 185--214, DOI 10.48550/arXiv.2201.02651 .
    Abstract
    We consider the locally thinned Bernoulli field on ℤ d, which is the lattice version of the Type-I Matérn hardcore process in Euclidean space. It is given as the lattice field of occupation variables, obtained as image of an i.i.d. Bernoulli lattice field with occupation probability p, under the map which removes all particles with neighbors, while keeping the isolated particles. We prove that the thinned measure has a Gibbsian representation and provide control on its quasilocal dependence, both in the regime of small p, but also in the regime of large p, where the thinning transformation changes the Bernoulli measure drastically. Our methods rely on Dobrushin uniqueness criteria, disagreement percolation arguments [46], and cluster expansions

  • A.K. Giri, P. Malgaretti, D. Peschka, M. Sega, Hydrodynamics at the moving contact line, Physical Review Fluids, 7 (2022), pp. L102001/1--L102001/9 (published online on 10.10.2022), DOI 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.7.L102001 .
    Abstract
    By removing the smearing effect of capillary waves in molecular dynamics simulations we are able to provide a microscopic picture of the region around the moving contact line (MCL) at an unprecedented resolution. On this basis, we show that the continuum character of the velocity field is unaffected by molecular layering down to below the molecular scale. The solution of the continuum Stokes problem with MCL and Navier-slip matches very well the molecular dynamics data and is consistent with a slip-length of 42 Å and small contact line dissipation. This is consistent with observations of the local force balance near the liquid-solid interface.

  • Z. Mokhtari, R.I.A. Patterson, F. Höfling, Spontaneous trail formation in populations of auto-chemotactic walkers, New Journal of Physics, 24 (2022), 013012, DOI 10.1088/1367-2630/ac43ec .
    Abstract
    We study the formation of trails in populations of self-propelled agents that make oriented deposits of pheromones and also sense such deposits to which they then respond with gradual changes of their direction of motion. Based on extensive off-lattice computer simulations aiming at the scale of insects, e.g., ants, we identify a number of emerging stationary patterns and obtain qualitatively the non-equilibrium state diagram of the model, spanned by the strength of the agent--pheromone interaction and the number density of the population. In particular, we demonstrate the spontaneous formation of persistent, macroscopic trails, and highlight some behaviour that is consistent with a dynamic phase transition. This includes a characterisation of the mass of system-spanning trails as a potential order parameter. We also propose a dynamic model for a few macroscopic observables, including the sub-population size of trail-following agents, which captures the early phase of trail formation.

  • B. Jahnel, A. Tóbiás, E. Cali, Phase transitions for the Boolean model of continuum percolation for Cox point processes, Brazilian Journal of Probability and Statistics, 3 (2022), pp. 20--44, DOI 10.1214/21-BJPS514 .
    Abstract
    We consider the Boolean model with random radii based on Cox point processes. Under a condition of stabilization for the random environment, we establish existence and non-existence of subcritical regimes for the size of the cluster at the origin in terms of volume, diameter and number of points. Further, we prove uniqueness of the infinite cluster for sufficiently connected environments.

  • B. Jahnel, A. Tóbiás, SINR percolation for Cox point processes with random powers, Adv. Appl. Math., 54 (2022), pp. 227--253, DOI 10.1017/apr.2021.25 .
    Abstract
    Signal-to-interference plus noise ratio (SINR) percolation is an infinite-range dependent variant of continuum percolation modeling connections in a telecommunication network. Unlike in earlier works, in the present paper the transmitted signal powers of the devices of the network are assumed random, i.i.d. and possibly unbounded. Additionally, we assume that the devices form a stationary Cox point process, i.e., a Poisson point process with stationary random intensity measure, in two or higher dimensions. We present the following main results. First, under suitable moment conditions on the signal powers and the intensity measure, there is percolation in the SINR graph given that the device density is high and interferences are sufficiently reduced, but not vanishing. Second, if the interference cancellation factor γ and the SINR threshold τ satisfy γ ≥ 1/(2τ), then there is no percolation for any intensity parameter. Third, in the case of a Poisson point process with constant powers, for any intensity parameter that is supercritical for the underlying Gilbert graph, the SINR graph also percolates with some small but positive interference cancellation factor.

  • A. Stephan, EDP-convergence for a linear reaction-diffusion system with fast reversible reaction, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 60 (2021), pp. 226/1--226/35, DOI 10.1007/s00526-021-02089-0 .
    Abstract
    We perform a fast-reaction limit for a linear reaction-diffusion system consisting of two diffusion equations coupled by a linear reaction. We understand the linear reaction-diffusion system as a gradient flow of the free energy in the space of probability measures equipped with a geometric structure, which contains the Wasserstein metric for the diffusion part and cosh-type functions for the reaction part. The fast-reaction limit is done on the level of the gradient structure by proving EDP-convergence with tilting. The limit gradient system induces a diffusion system with Lagrange multipliers on the linear slow-manifold. Moreover, the limit gradient system can be equivalently described by a coarse-grained gradient system, which induces a diffusion equation with a mixed diffusion constant for the coarse-grained slow variable.

  • S. Jansen, W. König, B. Schmidt, F. Theil, Distribution of cracks in a chain of atoms at low temperature, Annales Henri Poincare. A Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 22 (2021), pp. 4131--4172, DOI 10.1007/s00023-021-01076-7 .
    Abstract
    We consider a one-dimensional classical many-body system with interaction potential of Lennard--Jones type in the thermodynamic limit at low temperature 1/β ∈ (0, ∞). The ground state is a periodic lattice. We show that when the density is strictly smaller than the density of the ground state lattice, the system with N particles fills space by alternating approximately crystalline domains (clusters) with empty domains (voids) due to cracked bonds. The number of domains is of the order of N exp(-β e surf /2) with e surf > 0 a surface energy.

  • J.-D. Deuschel, T. Orenshtein, N. Perkowski, Additive functionals as rough paths, The Annals of Probability, 49 (2021), pp. 1450--1479, DOI 10.1214/20-AOP1488 .
    Abstract
    We consider additive functionals of stationary Markov processes and show that under Kipnis--Varadhan type conditions they converge in rough path topology to a Stratonovich Brownian motion, with a correction to the Lévy area that can be described in terms of the asymmetry (non-reversibility) of the underlying Markov process. We apply this abstract result to three model problems: First we study random walks with random conductances under the annealed law. If we consider the Itô rough path, then we see a correction to the iterated integrals even though the underlying Markov process is reversible. If we consider the Stratonovich rough path, then there is no correction. The second example is a non-reversible Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, while the last example is a diffusion in a periodic environment. As a technical step we prove an estimate for the p-variation of stochastic integrals with respect to martingales that can be viewed as an extension of the rough path Burkholder-Davis-Gundy inequality for local martingale rough paths of [FV08], [CF19] and [FZ18] to the case where only the integrator is a local martingale.

  • L. Andreis, W. König, R.I.A. Patterson, A large-deviations principle for all the cluster sizes of a sparse Erdős--Rényi random graph, Random Structures and Algorithms, 59 (2021), pp. 522--553, DOI 10.1002/rsa.21007 .
    Abstract
    A large-deviations principle (LDP) is derived for the state, at fixed time, of the multiplicative coalescent in the large particle number limit. The rate function is explicit and describes each of the three parts of the state: microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic. In particular, it clearly captures the well known gelation phase transition given by the formation of a particle containing a positive fraction of the system mass at time t=1. Via a standard map of the multiplicative coalescent onto a time-dependent version of the Erdős-Rényi random graph, our results can also be rephrased as an LDP for the component sizes in that graph. Our proofs rely on estimates and asymptotics for the probability that smaller Erdős-Rényi graphs are connected.

  • A. Mielke, M.A. Peletier, A. Stephan, EDP-convergence for nonlinear fast-slow reaction systems with detailed balance, Nonlinearity, 34 (2021), pp. 5762--5798, DOI 10.1088/1361-6544/ac0a8a .
    Abstract
    We consider nonlinear reaction systems satisfying mass-action kinetics with slow and fast reactions. It is known that the fast-reaction-rate limit can be described by an ODE with Lagrange multipliers and a set of nonlinear constraints that ask the fast reactions to be in equilibrium. Our aim is to study the limiting gradient structure which is available if the reaction system satisfies the detailed-balance condition. The gradient structure on the set of concentration vectors is given in terms of the relative Boltzmann entropy and a cosh-type dissipation potential. We show that a limiting or effective gradient structure can be rigorously derived via EDP convergence, i.e. convergence in the sense of the Energy-Dissipation Principle for gradient flows. In general, the effective entropy will no longer be of Boltzmann type and the reactions will no longer satisfy mass-action kinetics.

  • A. Hinsen, B. Jahnel, E. Cali, J.-P. Wary, Phase transitions for chase-escape models on Poisson--Gilbert graphs, Electronic Communications in Probability, 25 (2020), pp. 25/1--25/14, DOI 10.1214/20-ECP306 .
    Abstract
    We present results on phase transitions of local and global survival in a two-species model on Gilbert graphs. At initial time there is an infection at the origin that propagates on the Gilbert graph according to a continuous-time nearest-neighbor interacting particle system. The Gilbert graph consists of susceptible nodes and nodes of a second type, which we call white knights. The infection can spread on susceptible nodes without restriction. If the infection reaches a white knight, this white knight starts to spread on the set of infected nodes according to the same mechanism, with a potentially different rate, giving rise to a competition of chase and escape. We show well-definedness of the model, isolate regimes of global survival and extinction of the infection and present estimates on local survival. The proofs rest on comparisons to the process on trees, percolation arguments and finite-degree approximations of the underlying random graphs.

  • S. Jansen, W. König, B. Schmidt, F. Theil, Surface energy and boundary layers for a chain of atoms at low temperature, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, 239 (2021), pp. 915--980 (published online on 21.12.2020), DOI 10.1007/s00205-020-01587-3 .
    Abstract
    We analyze the surface energy and boundary layers for a chain of atoms at low temperature for an interaction potential of Lennard-Jones type. The pressure (stress) is assumed small but positive and bounded away from zero, while the temperature goes to zero. Our main results are: (1) As the temperature goes to zero and at fixed positive pressure, the Gibbs measures  for infinite chains and semi-infinite chains satisfy path large deviations principles. The rate functions are bulk and surface energy functionals. The minimizer of the surface functional corresponds to zero temperature boundary layers. (2) The surface correction to the Gibbs free energy converges to the zero temperature surface energy, characterized with the help of the minimum of the surface energy functional. (3) The bulk Gibbs measure and Gibbs free energy can be approximated by their Gaussian counterparts. (4) Bounds on the decay of correlations are provided, some of them uniform in the inverse temperature.

  • CH. Hirsch, B. Jahnel, A. Tóbiás, Lower large deviations for geometric functionals, Electronic Communications in Probability, 25 (2020), pp. 41/1--41/12, DOI 10.1214/20-ECP322 .
    Abstract
    This work develops a methodology for analyzing large-deviation lower tails associated with geometric functionals computed on a homogeneous Poisson point process. The technique applies to characteristics expressed in terms of stabilizing score functions exhibiting suitable monotonicity properties. We apply our results to clique counts in the random geometric graph, intrinsic volumes of Poisson--Voronoi cells, as well as power-weighted edge lengths in the random geometric, κ-nearest neighbor and relative neighborhood graph.

  • J. Maas, A. Mielke, Modeling of chemical reaction systems with detailed balance using gradient structures, Journal of Statistical Physics, 181 (2020), pp. 2257--2303, DOI 10.1007/s10955-020-02663-4 .
    Abstract
    We consider various modeling levels for spatially homogeneous chemical reaction systems, namely the chemical master equation, the chemical Langevin dynamics, and the reaction-rate equation. Throughout we restrict our study to the case where the microscopic system satisfies the detailed-balance condition. The latter allows us to enrich the systems with a gradient structure, i.e. the evolution is given by a gradient-flow equation. We present the arising links between the associated gradient structures that are driven by the relative entropy of the detailed-balance steady state. The limit of large volumes is studied in the sense of evolutionary Γ-convergence of gradient flows. Moreover, we use the gradient structures to derive hybrid models for coupling different modeling levels.

  • A. Tóbiás, B. Jahnel, Exponential moments for planar tessellations, Journal of Statistical Physics, 179 (2020), pp. 90--109, DOI 10.1007/s10955-020-02521-3 .
    Abstract
    In this paper we show existence of all exponential moments for the total edge length in a unit disc for a family of planar tessellations based on Poisson point processes. Apart from classical such tessellations like the Poisson--Voronoi, Poisson--Delaunay and Poisson line tessellation, we also treat the Johnson--Mehl tessellation, Manhattan grids, nested versions and Palm versions. As part of our proofs, for some planar tessellations, we also derive existence of exponential moments for the number of cells and the number of edges intersecting the unit disk.

  • A. Mielke, A. Stephan, Coarse-graining via EDP-convergence for linear fast-slow reaction systems, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 30 (2020), pp. 1765--1807, DOI 10.1142/S0218202520500360 .
    Abstract
    We consider linear reaction systems with slow and fast reactions, which can be interpreted as master equations or Kolmogorov forward equations for Markov processes on a finite state space. We investigate their limit behavior if the fast reaction rates tend to infinity, which leads to a coarse-grained model where the fast reactions create microscopically equilibrated clusters, while the exchange mass between the clusters occurs on the slow time scale. Assuming detailed balance the reaction system can be written as a gradient flow with respect to the relative entropy. Focusing on the physically relevant cosh-type gradient structure we show how an effective limit gradient structure can be rigorously derived and that the coarse-grained equation again has a cosh-type gradient structure. We obtain the strongest version of convergence in the sense of the Energy-Dissipation Principle (EDP), namely EDP-convergence with tilting.

  • A. Stephan, H. Stephan, Memory equations as reduced Markov processes, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 39 (2019), pp. 2133--2155, DOI 10.3934/dcds.2019089 .
    Abstract
    A large class of linear memory differential equations in one dimension, where the evolution depends on the whole history, can be equivalently described as a projection of a Markov process living in a higher dimensional space. Starting with such a memory equation, we give an explicit construction of the corresponding Markov process. From a physical point of view the Markov process can be understood as the change of the type of some quasiparticles along one-way loops. Typically, the arising Markov process does not have the detailed balance property. The method leads to a more realisitc modeling of memory equations. Moreover, it carries over the large number of investigation tools for Markov processes to memory equations, like the calculation of the equilibrium state, the asymptotic behavior and so on. The method can be used for an approximative solution of some degenerate memory equations like delay differential equations.

  • CH. Hirsch, B. Jahnel, Large deviations for the capacity in dynamic spatial relay networks, Markov Processes and Related Fields, 25 (2019), pp. 33--73.
    Abstract
    We derive a large deviation principle for the space-time evolution of users in a relay network that are unable to connect due to capacity constraints. The users are distributed according to a Poisson point process with increasing intensity in a bounded domain, whereas the relays are positioned deterministically with given limiting density. The preceding work on capacity for relay networks by the authors describes the highly simplified setting where users can only enter but not leave the system. In the present manuscript we study the more realistic situation where users leave the system after a random transmission time. For this we extend the point process techniques developed in the preceding work thereby showing that they are not limited to settings with strong monotonicity properties.

  • C. Cotar, B. Jahnel, Ch. Külske, Extremal decomposition for random Gibbs measures: From general metastates to metastates on extremal random Gibbs measures, Electronic Communications in Probability, 23 (2018), pp. 1--12, DOI 10.1214/18-ECP200 .
    Abstract
    The concept of metastate measures on the states of a random spin system was introduced to be able to treat the large-volume asymptotics for complex quenched random systems, like spin glasses, which may exhibit chaotic volume dependence in the strong-coupling regime. We consider the general issue of the extremal decomposition for Gibbsian specifications which depend measurably on a parameter that may describe a whole random environment in the infinite volume. Given a random Gibbs measure, as a measurable map from the environment space, we prove measurability of its decomposition measure on pure states at fixed environment, with respect to the environment. As a general corollary we obtain that, for any metastate, there is an associated decomposition metastate, which is supported on the extremes for almost all environments, and which has the same barycenter.

  • G. Botirov, B. Jahnel, Phase transitions for a model with uncountable spin space on the Cayley tree: The general case, Positivity. An International Mathematics Journal Devoted to Theory and Applications of Positivity, 23 (2019), pp. 291--301 (published online on 17.08.2018), DOI 10.1007/s11117-018-0606-1 .
    Abstract
    In this paper we complete the analysis of a statistical mechanics model on Cayley trees of any degree, started in [EsHaRo12, EsRo10, BoEsRo13, JaKuBo14, Bo17]. The potential is of nearest-neighbor type and the local state space is compact but uncountable. Based on the system parameters we prove existence of a critical value θ c such that for θ≤θ c there is a unique translation-invariant splitting Gibbs measure. For θ c < θ there is a phase transition with exactly three translation-invariant splitting Gibbs measures. The proof rests on an analysis of fixed points of an associated non-linear Hammerstein integral operator for the boundary laws.

  • W. Wagner, A random walk model for the Schrödinger equation, Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 143 (2018), pp. 138--148, DOI 10.1016/j.matcom.2016.07.012 .
    Abstract
    A random walk model for the spatially discretized time-dependent Schrödinger equation is constructed. The model consists of a class of piecewise deterministic Markov processes. The states of the processes are characterized by a position and a complex-valued weight. Jumps occur both on the spatial grid and in the space of weights. Between the jumps, the weights change according to deterministic rules. The main result is that certain functionals of the processes satisfy the Schrödinger equation.

  • A. Mielke, R.I.A. Patterson, M.A. Peletier, D.R.M. Renger, Non-equilibrium thermodynamical principles for chemical reactions with mass-action kinetics, SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, 77 (2017), pp. 1562--1585, DOI 10.1137/16M1102240 .
    Abstract
    We study stochastic interacting particle systems that model chemical reaction networks on the micro scale, converging to the macroscopic Reaction Rate Equation. One abstraction level higher, we study the ensemble of such particle systems, converging to the corresponding Liouville transport equation. For both systems, we calculate the corresponding large deviations and show that under the condition of detailed balance, the large deviations induce a non-linear relation between thermodynamic fluxes and free energy driving force.

  • R.I.A. Patterson, S. Simonella, W. Wagner, A kinetic equation for the distribution of interaction clusters in rarefied gases, Journal of Statistical Physics, 169 (2017), pp. 126--167.

  • M. Erbar, M. Fathi, V. Laschos, A. Schlichting, Gradient flow structure for McKean--Vlasov equations on discrete spaces, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 36 (2016), pp. 6799--6833.
    Abstract
    In this work, we show that a family of non-linear mean-field equations on discrete spaces, can be viewed as a gradient flow of a natural free energy functional with respect to a certain metric structure we make explicit. We also prove that this gradient flow structure arises as the limit of the gradient flow structures of a natural sequence of N-particle dynamics, as N goes to infinity

  • S. Jansen, W. König, B. Metzger, Large deviations for cluster size distributions in a continuous classical many-body system, The Annals of Applied Probability, 25 (2015), pp. 930--973.
    Abstract
    An interesting problem in statistical physics is the condensation of classical particles in droplets or clusters when the pair-interaction is given by a stable Lennard-Jones-type potential. We study two aspects of this problem. We start by deriving a large deviations principle for the cluster size distribution for any inverse temperature $betain(0,infty)$ and particle density $rhoin(0,rho_rmcp)$ in the thermodynamic limit. Here $rho_rmcp >0$ is the close packing density. While in general the rate function is an abstract object, our second main result is the $Gamma$-convergence of the rate function towards an explicit limiting rate function in the low-temperature dilute limit $betatoinfty$, $rho downarrow 0$ such that $-beta^-1logrhoto nu$ for some $nuin(0,infty)$. The limiting rate function and its minimisers appeared in recent work, where the temperature and the particle density were coupled with the particle number. In the de-coupled limit considered here, we prove that just one cluster size is dominant, depending on the parameter $nu$. Under additional assumptions on the potential, the $Gamma$-convergence along curves can be strengthened to uniform bounds, valid in a low-temperature, low-density rectangle.

  • M. Erbar, J. Maas, D.R.M. Renger, From large deviations to Wasserstein gradient flows in multiple dimensions, Electronic Communications in Probability, 20 (2015), pp. 1--12.
    Abstract
    We study the large deviation rate functional for the empirical distribution of independent Brownian particles with drift. In one dimension, it has been shown by Adams, Dirr, Peletier and Zimmer [ADPZ11] that this functional is asymptotically equivalent (in the sense of Gamma-convergence) to the Jordan-Kinderlehrer-Otto functional arising in the Wasserstein gradient flow structure of the Fokker-Planck equation. In higher dimensions, part of this statement (the lower bound) has been recently proved by Duong, Laschos and Renger, but the upper bound remained open, since the proof in [DLR13] relies on regularity properties of optimal transport maps that are restricted to one dimension. In this note we present a new proof of the upper bound, thereby generalising the result of [ADPZ11] to arbitrary dimensions.

  • M. Muminov, H. Neidhardt, T. Rasulov, On the spectrum of the lattice spin-boson Hamiltonian for any coupling: 1D case, Journal of Mathematical Physics, 56 (2015), pp. 053507/1--053507/24.
    Abstract
    A lattice model of radiative decay (so-called spin-boson model) of a two level atom and at most two photons is considered. The location of the essential spectrum is described. For any coupling constant the finiteness of the number of eigenvalues below the bottom of its essential spectrum is proved. The results are obtained by considering a more general model H for which the lower bound of its essential spectrum is estimated. Conditions which guarantee the finiteness of the number of eigenvalues of H below the bottom of its essential spectrum are found. It is shown that the discrete spectrum might be infinite if the parameter functions are chosen in a special form.

  • S. Simonella, M. Pulvirenti, On the evolution of the empirical measure for hard-sphere dynamics, Bulletin of the Institute of Mathematics. Academia Sinica. Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. English. English summary., 10 (2015), pp. 171--204.

  • A. Mielke, M.A. Peletier, D.R.M. Renger, On the relation between gradient flows and the large-deviation principle, with applications to Markov chains and diffusion, Potential Analysis, 41 (2014), pp. 1293--1325.
    Abstract
    Motivated by the occurence in rate functions of time-dependent large-deviation principles, we study a class of non-negative functions ℒ that induce a flow, given by ℒ(zt,żt)=0. We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for the unique existence of a generalized gradient structure for the induced flow, as well as explicit formulas for the corresponding driving entropy and dissipation functional. In particular, we show how these conditions can be given a probabilistic interpretation when ℒ is associated to the large deviations of a microscopic particle system. Finally, we illustrate the theory for independent Brownian particles with drift, which leads to the entropy-Wasserstein gradient structure, and for independent Markovian particles on a finite state space, which leads to a previously unknown gradient structure.

  • M.H. Duong, V. Laschos, M. Renger, Wasserstein gradient flows from large deviations of many-particle limits, ESAIM. Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations, 19 (2013), pp. 1166--1188.

  • M.A. Peletier, M. Renger, M. Veneroni, Variational formulation of the Fokker--Planck equation with decay: A particle approach, Communications in Contemporary Mathematics, 15 (2013), pp. 1350017/1--1350017/43.

  • S. Adams, A. Collevecchio, W. König, A variational formula for the free energy of an interacting many-particle system, The Annals of Probability, 39 (2011), pp. 683--728.
    Abstract
    We consider $N$ bosons in a box in $R^d$ with volume $N/rho$ under the influence of a mutually repellent pair potential. The particle density $rhoin(0,infty)$ is kept fixed. Our main result is the identification of the limiting free energy, $f(beta,rho)$, at positive temperature $1/beta$, in terms of an explicit variational formula, for any fixed $rho$ if $beta$ is sufficiently small, and for any fixed $beta$ if $rho$ is sufficiently small. The thermodynamic equilibrium is described by the symmetrised trace of $rm e^-beta Hcal_N$, where $Hcal_N$ denotes the corresponding Hamilton operator. The well-known Feynman-Kac formula reformulates this trace in terms of $N$ interacting Brownian bridges. Due to the symmetrisation, the bridges are organised in an ensemble of cycles of various lengths. The novelty of our approach is a description in terms of a marked Poisson point process whose marks are the cycles. This allows for an asymptotic analysis of the system via a large-deviations analysis of the stationary empirical field. The resulting variational formula ranges over random shift-invariant marked point fields and optimizes the sum of the interaction and the relative entropy with respect to the reference process. In our proof of the lower bound for the free energy, we drop all interaction involving lq infinitely longrq cycles, and their possible presence is signalled by a loss of mass of the lq finitely longrq cycles in the variational formula. In the proof of the upper bound, we only keep the mass on the lq finitely longrq cycles. We expect that the precise relationship between these two bounds lies at the heart of Bose-Einstein condensation and intend to analyse it further in future.

  • M. Aizenman, S. Jansen, P. Jung, Symmetry breaking in quasi-1D Coulomb systems, Annales Henri Poincare. A Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 11 (2010), pp. 1453--1485.
    Abstract
    Quasi one-dimensional systems are systems of particles in domains which are of infinite extent in one direction and of uniformly bounded size in all other directions, e.g. on a cylinder of infinite length. The main result proven here is that for such particle systems with Coulomb interactions and neutralizing background, the so-called “jellium”, at any temperature and at any finite-strip width there is translation symmetry breaking. This extends the previous result on Laughlin states in thin, two-dimens The structural argument which is used here bypasses the question of whether the translation symmetry breaking is manifest already at the level of the one particle density function. It is akin to that employed by Aizenman and Martin (1980) for a similar statement concerning symmetry breaking at all temperatures in strictly one-dimensional Coulomb systems. The extension is enabled through bounds which establish tightness of finite-volume charge fluctuations.

  • A. Collevecchio, W. König, P. Mörters, N. Sidorova, Phase transitions for dilute particle systems with Lennard--Jones potential, Communications in Mathematical Physics, 299 (2010), pp. 603--630.

  Beiträge zu Sammelwerken

  • A. Hinsen, B. Jahnel, E. Cali, J.-P. Wary, Malware propagation in urban D2D networks, in: IEEE 18th International Symposium on on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, ad Hoc, and Wireless Networks, (WiOpt), Volos, Greece, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2020, pp. 1--9.
    Abstract
    We introduce and analyze models for the propagation of malware in pure D2D networks given via stationary Cox--Gilbert graphs. Here, the devices form a Poisson point process with random intensity measure λ, Λ where Λ is stationary and given, for example, by the edge-length measure of a realization of a Poisson--Voronoi tessellation that represents an urban street system. We assume that, at initial time, a typical device at the center of the network carries a malware and starts to infect neighboring devices after random waiting times. Here we focus on Markovian models, where the waiting times are exponential random variables, and non-Markovian models, where the waiting times feature strictly positive minimal and finite maximal waiting times. We present numerical results for the speed of propagation depending on the system parameters. In a second step, we introduce and analyze a counter measure for the malware propagation given by special devices called white knights, which have the ability, once attacked, to eliminate the malware from infected devices and turn them into white knights. Based on simulations, we isolate parameter regimes in which the malware survives or is eliminated, both in the Markovian and non-Markovian setting.

  • B. Jahnel, W. König, Probabilistic methods for spatial multihop communication systems, in: Topics in Applied Analysis and Optimisation, M. Hintermüller, J.F. Rodrigues, eds., CIM Series in Mathematical Sciences, Springer Nature Switzerland AG, Cham, 2019, pp. 239--268.

  • M. Kantner, U. Bandelow, Th. Koprucki, H.-J. Wünsche, Multi-scale modelling and simulation of single-photon sources on a device level, in: Euro-TMCS II -- Theory, Modelling & Computational Methods for Semiconductors, 7th -- 9th December 2016, Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Ireland, E. O'Reilly, S. Schulz, S. Tomic, eds., Tyndall National Institute, 2016, pp. 65.

  Preprints, Reports, Technical Reports

  • B. Jahnel, S.K. Jhawar, A.D. Vu, Continuum percolation in a nonstabilizing environment, Preprint no. 2943, WIAS, Berlin, 2022, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2943 .
    Abstract, PDF (2463 kByte)
    We prove nontrivial phase transitions for continuum percolation in a Boolean model based on a Cox point process with nonstabilizing directing measure. The directing measure, which can be seen as a stationary random environment for the classical Poisson--Boolean model, is given by a planar rectangular Poisson line process. This Manhattan grid type construction features long-range dependencies in the environment, leading to absence of a sharp phase transition for the associated Cox--Boolean model. Our proofs rest on discretization arguments and a comparison to percolation on randomly stretched lattices established in [MR2116736].

  • B. Jahnel, J. Köppl, Dynamical Gibbs variational principles for irreversible interacting particle systems with applications to attractor properties, Preprint no. 2935, WIAS, Berlin, 2022, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2935 .
    Abstract, PDF (355 kByte)
    We consider irreversible translation-invariant interacting particle systems on the d-dimensional cubic lattice with finite local state space, which admit at least one Gibbs measure as a time-stationary measure. Under some mild degeneracy conditions on the rates and the specification we prove, that zero relative entropy loss of a translation-invariant measure implies, that the measure is Gibbs w.r.t. the same specification as the time-stationary Gibbs measure. As an application, we obtain the attractor property for irreversible interacting particle systems, which says that any weak limit point of any trajectory of translation-invariant measures is a Gibbs measure w.r.t. the same specification as the time-stationary measure. This extends previously known results to fairly general irreversible interacting particle systems.

  • A. Stephan, H. Stephan, Positivity and polynomial decay of energies for square-field operators, Preprint no. 2901, WIAS, Berlin, 2021, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2901 .
    Abstract, PDF (328 kByte)
    We show that for a general Markov generator the associated square-field (or carré du champs) operator and all their iterations are positive. The proof is based on an interpolation between the operators involving the generator and their semigroups, and an interplay between positivity and convexity on Banach lattices. Positivity of the square-field operators allows to define a hierarchy of quadratic and positive energy functionals which decay to zero along solutions of the corresponding evolution equation. Assuming that the Markov generator satisfies an operator-theoretic normality condition, the sequence of energies is log-convex. In particular, this implies polynomial decay in time for the energy functionals along solutions.

  • L. Andreis, W. König, H. Langhammer, R.I.A. Patterson, A large-deviations principle for all the components in a sparse inhomogeneous random graph, Preprint no. 2898, WIAS, Berlin, 2021, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2898 .
    Abstract, PDF (690 kByte)
    We study an inhomogeneous sparse random graph, GN, on [N] = { 1,...,N } as introduced in a seminal paper [BJR07] by Bollobás, Janson and Riordan (2007): vertices have a type (here in a compact metric space S), and edges between different vertices occur randomly and independently over all vertex pairs, with a probability depending on the two vertex types. In the limit N → ∞ , we consider the sparse regime, where the average degree is O(1). We prove a large-deviations principle with explicit rate function for the statistics of the collection of all the connected components, registered according to their vertex type sets, and distinguished according to being microscopic (of finite size) or macroscopic (of size ≈ N). In doing so, we derive explicit logarithmic asymptotics for the probability that GN is connected. We present a full analysis of the rate function including its minimizers. From this analysis we deduce a number of limit laws, conditional and unconditional, which provide comprehensive information about all the microscopic and macroscopic components of GN. In particular, we recover the criterion for the existence of the phase transition given in [BJR07].

  • CH. Hirsch, B. Jahnel, E. Cali, Connection intervals in multi-scale dynamic networks, Preprint no. 2895, WIAS, Berlin, 2021, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2895 .
    Abstract, PDF (1634 kByte)
    We consider a hybrid spatial communication system in which mobile nodes can connect to static sinks in a bounded number of intermediate relaying hops. We describe the distribution of the connection intervals of a typical mobile node, i.e., the intervals of uninterrupted connection to the family of sinks. This is achieved in the limit of many hops, sparse sinks and growing time horizons. We identify three regimes illustrating that the limiting distribution depends sensitively on the scaling of the time horizon.

  • A. Stephan, Coarse-graining and reconstruction for Markov matrices, Preprint no. 2891, WIAS, Berlin, 2021, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2891 .
    Abstract, PDF (248 kByte)
    We present a coarse-graining (or model order reduction) procedure for stochastic matrices by clustering. The method is consistent with the natural structure of Markov theory, preserving positivity and mass, and does not rely on any tools from Hilbert space theory. The reconstruction is provided by a generalized Penrose-Moore inverse of the coarse-graining operator incorporating the inhomogeneous invariant measure of the Markov matrix. As we show, the method provides coarse-graining and reconstruction also on the level of tensor spaces, which is consistent with the notion of an incidence matrix and quotient graphs, and, moreover, allows to coarse-grain and reconstruct fluxes. Furthermore, we investigate the connection with functional inequalities and Poincaré-type constants.

  • M. Heida, B. Jahnel, A.D. Vu, Stochastic homogenization on irregularly perforated domains, Preprint no. 2880, WIAS, Berlin, 2021, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2880 .
    Abstract, PDF (668 kByte)
    We study stochastic homogenization of a quasilinear parabolic PDE with nonlinear microscopic Robin conditions on a perforated domain. The focus of our work lies on the underlying geometry that does not allow standard homogenization techniques to be applied directly. Instead we prove homogenization on a regularized geometry and demonstrate afterwards that the form of the homogenized equation is independent from the regularization. Then we pass to the regularization limit to obtain the anticipated limit equation. Furthermore, we show that Boolean models of Poisson point processes are covered by our approach.

  • B. Jahnel, Ch. Külske, Gibbsianness and non-Gibbsianness for Bernoulli lattice fields under removal of isolated sites, Preprint no. 2878, WIAS, Berlin, 2021, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2878 .
    Abstract, PDF (426 kByte)
    We consider the i.i.d. Bernoulli field μ p on Z d with occupation density p ∈ [0,1]. To each realization of the set of occupied sites we apply a thinning map that removes all occupied sites that are isolated in graph distance. We show that, while this map seems non-invasive for large p, as it changes only a small fraction p(1-p)2d of sites, there is p(d) <1 such that for all p ∈ (p(d), 1) the resulting measure is a non-Gibbsian measure, i.e., it does not possess a continuous version of its finite-volume conditional probabilities. On the other hand, for small p, the Gibbs property is preserved.

  • R.I.A. Patterson, D.R.M. Renger, U. Sharma, Variational structures beyond gradient flows: A macroscopic fluctuation-theory perspective, Preprint no. 2826, WIAS, Berlin, 2021, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2826 .
    Abstract, PDF (522 kByte)
    Macroscopic equations arising out of stochastic particle systems in detailed balance (called dissipative systems or gradient flows) have a natural variational structure, which can be derived from the large-deviation rate functional for the density of the particle system. While large deviations can be studied in considerable generality, these variational structures are often restricted to systems in detailed balance. Using insights from macroscopic fluctuation theory, in this work we aim to generalise this variational connection beyond dissipative systems by augmenting densities with fluxes, which encode non-dissipative effects. Our main contribution is an abstract framework, which for a given flux-density cost and a quasipotential, provides a decomposition into dissipative and non-dissipative components and a generalised orthogonality relation between them. We then apply this abstract theory to various stochastic particle systems -- independent copies of jump processes, zero-range processes, chemical-reaction networks in complex balance and lattice-gas models.

  • W. König, Branching random walks in random environment: A survey, Preprint no. 2779, WIAS, Berlin, 2020, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2779 .
    Abstract, PDF (253 kByte)
    We consider branching particle processes on discrete structures like the hypercube in a random fitness landscape (i.e., random branching/killing rates). The main question is about the location where the main part of the population sits at a late time, if the state space is large. For answering this, we take the expectation with respect to the migration (mutation) and the branching/killing (selection) mechanisms, for fixed rates. This is intimately connected with the parabolic Anderson model, the heat equation with random potential, a model that is of interest in mathematical physics because of the observed prominent effect of intermittency (local concentration of the mass of the solution in small islands). We present several advances in the investigation of this effect, also related to questions inspired from biology.

  • J.-D. Deuschel, T. Orenshtein, G.R. Moreno Flores, Aging for the stationary Kardar--Parisi--Zhang equation and related models, Preprint no. 2763, WIAS, Berlin, 2020, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2763 .
    Abstract, PDF (368 kByte)
    We study the aging property for stationary models in the KPZ universality class. In particular, we show aging for the stationary KPZ fixed point, the Cole-Hopf solution to the stationary KPZ equation, the height function of the stationary TASEP, last-passage percolation with boundary conditions and stationary directed polymers in the intermediate disorder regime. All of these models are shown to display a universal aging behavior characterized by the rate of decay of their correlations. As a comparison, we show aging for models in the Edwards-Wilkinson universality class where a different decay exponent is obtained. A key ingredient to our proofs is a characteristic of space-time stationarity - covariance-to-variance reduction - which allows to deduce the asymptotic behavior of the correlations of two space-time points by the one of the variances at one point. We formulate several open problems.

  • B. Jahnel, A. Tóbiás, E. Cali, Phase transitions for the Boolean model of continuum percolation for Cox point processes, Preprint no. 2704, WIAS, Berlin, 2020, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2704 .
    Abstract, PDF (389 kByte)
    We consider the Boolean model with random radii based on Cox point processes. Under a condition of stabilization for the random environment, we establish existence and non-existence of subcritical regimes for the size of the cluster at the origin in terms of volume, diameter and number of points. Further, we prove uniqueness of the infinite cluster for sufficiently connected environments.

  Vorträge, Poster

  • S. Schindler, Convergence to self-similar profiles for a coupled reaction-diffusion system on the real line, CRC 910: Workshop on Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems, September 26 - 28, 2022.

  • S. Schindler, Energy approach for a coupled reaction-diffusion system on the real line (online talk), SFB 910 Symposium ``Pattern formation and coherent structure in dissipative systems'' (Online Event), Technische Universität Berlin, January 14, 2022.

  • S. Schindler, On asymptotic self-similar behavior of solutions to parabolic systems (hybrid talk), SFB910: International Conference on Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems (Hybrid Event), November 23 - 26, 2022, Technische Universität Berlin, Potsdam, November 25, 2022.

  • A. Stephan, EDP-convergence for a linear reaction-diffusion systems with fast reversible reaction (online talk), SIAM Conference on Analysis of Partial Differential Equations (Online Event), March 14 - 18, 2022, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, March 14, 2022.

  • B. Jahnel, Malware propagation in mobile device-to-device networks (online talk), IEEE CloudNet '2; Workshop: AI@EDGE -- INSPIRE-5G (Online Event), November 8, 2022.

  • A. Stephan, EDP-convergence for a linear reaction-diffusion system with fast reversible reaction, Mathematical Models for Biological Multiscale Systems (Hybrid Event), September 12 - 14, 2022, WIAS Berlin, September 12, 2022.

  • A. Stephan, EDP-convergence for gradient systems and applications to fast-slow chemical reaction systems, Block Course ``Multiscale Problems and Homogenization'' at Freie Universität Berlin, November 10 - December 15, 2022, Berlin Mathematical School & Berlin Mathematics Research Center MATH+, November 24, 2022.

  • S. Schindler, Self-similar diffusive equilibration for a coupled reaction-diffusion system with mass-action kinetics, SFB910: International Conference on Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems (Hybrid Event), August 29 - September 2, 2021, Technische Universität Berlin, Potsdam, September 1, 2021.

  • A. Stephan, Gradient systems and EDP-convergence with applications to nonlinear fast-slow reaction systems (online talk), DS21: SIAM Conference on Applications of Dynamical Systems, Minisymposium 19 ``Applications of Stochastic Reaction Networks'' (Online Event), May 23 - 27, 2021, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, May 23, 2021.

  • A. Stephan, Gradient systems and mulit-scale reaction networks (online talk), Limits and Control of Stochastic Reaction Networks (Online Event), July 26 - 30, 2021, American Institute of Mathematics, San Jose, USA, July 29, 2021.

  • A. Stephan, Coarse-graining via EDP-convergence for linear fast-slow reaction-diffusion systems (online talk), 91st Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (Online Event), Section S14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 15 - 19, 2021, Universität Kassel, March 17, 2021.

  • B. Jahnel, First-passage percolation and chase-escape dynamics on random geometric graphs, Stochastic Geometry Days, November 15 - 19, 2021, Dunkerque, France, November 17, 2021.

  • B. Jahnel, Gibbsian representation for point processes via hyperedge potentials (online talk), Thematic Einstein Semester on Geometric and Topological Structure of Materials, Summer Semester 2021, Technische Universität Berlin, May 20, 2021.

  • B. Jahnel, Phase transitions for the Boolean model for Cox point processes (online talk), DYOGENE Seminar (Online Event), INRIA Paris, France, January 11, 2021.

  • B. Jahnel, Phase transitions for the Boolean model for Cox point processes (online talk), Probability Seminar Bath (Online Event), University of Bath, Department of Mathematical Sciences, UK, October 18, 2021.

  • B. Jahnel, Stochastic geometry for epidemiology (online talk), Monday Biostatistics Roundtable, Institute of Biometry and Clinical Epidemiology (Online Event), Campus Charité, June 14, 2021.

  • T. Orenshtein, Aging for the O'Conell--Yor model in intermediate disorder (online talk), Joint Israeli Probability Seminar (Online Event), Technion, Haifa, November 17, 2020.

  • T. Orenshtein, Aging for the stationary KPZ equation, The 3rd Haifa Probability School. Workshop on Random Geometry and Stochastic Analysis, February 24 - 28, 2020, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, February 24, 2020.

  • T. Orenshtein, Aging for the stationary KPZ equation (online talk), Bernoulli-IMS One World Symposium 2020 (Online Event), August 24 - 28, 2020, A virtual one week symposium on Probability and Mathematical Statistics, August 27, 2020.

  • T. Orenshtein, Aging for the stationary KPZ equation (online talk), 13th Annual ERC Berlin--Oxford Young Researchers Meeting on Applied Stochastic Analysis (Online Event), June 8 - 10, 2020, WIAS Berlin, June 10, 2020.

  • T. Orenshtein, Aging in Edwards--Wilkinson and KPZ universality classes (online talk), Probability, Stochastic Analysis and Statistics Seminar (Online Event), University of Pisa, Italy, October 27, 2020.

  • A. Stephan, EDP-convergence for nonlinear fast-slow reactions, Workshop ``Variational Methods for Evolution'', September 13 - 19, 2020, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, September 18, 2020.

  • A. Stephan, On mathematical coarse-graining for linear reaction systems, 8th BMS Student Conference, February 19 - 21, 2020, Technische Universität Berlin, February 21, 2020.

  • A. Stephan, On gradient flows and gradient systems (online talk), CRC 1114 PhD Seminar (Online Event), Freie Universität Berlin, November 11, 2020.

  • A. Stephan, On gradient systems and applications to interacting particle systems (online talk), CRC 1114 PhD Seminar (Online Event), Freie Universität Berlin, November 25, 2020.

  • A. Stephan, Coarse-graining for gradient systems with applications to reaction systems (online talk), Thematic Einstein Semester on Energy-based Mathematical Methods for Reactive Multiphase Flows: Student Compact Course ``Variational Methods for Fluids and Solids'' (Online Event), October 12 - 23, 2020, WIAS Berlin, October 15, 2020.

  • A. Stephan, EDP-convergence for nonlinear fast-slow reaction systems (online talk), Annual Workshop of the GAMM Activity Group on Analysis of PDEs (Online Event), September 30 - October 2, 2020, Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Klosterneuburg, October 1, 2020.

  • R.I.A. Patterson, Interpreting LDPs without detailed balance, Workshop ``Variational Methods for Evolution'', September 13 - 19, 2020, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, September 15, 2020.

  • A. Stephan, Rigorous derivation of the effective equation of a linear reaction system with different time scales, 90th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2019), Section S14 ``Applied Analysis'', February 18 - 22, 2019, Universität Wien, Technische Universität Wien, Austria, February 21, 2019.

  • B. Jahnel, Continuum percolation in random environment, Workshop on Probability, Analysis and Applications (PAA), September 23 - October 4, 2019, African Institute for Mathematical Sciences --- Ghana (AIMS Ghana), Accra.

  • R.I.A. Patterson, A novel simulation method for stochastic particle systems, Seminar, Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Faculty of Mathematics, UK, May 9, 2019.

  • R.I.A. Patterson, Flux large deviations, Workshop on Chemical Reaction Networks, July 1 - 3, 2019, Politecnico di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche ``G. L. Lagrange``, Italy, July 2, 2019.

  • R.I.A. Patterson, Flux large deviations, Seminar, Statistical Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Faculty of Mathematics, UK, May 7, 2019.

  • L. Taggi, Critical density in activated random walks, Horowitz Seminar on Probability, Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems, Tel Aviv University, School of Mathematical Sciences, Israel, May 20, 2019.

  • W. Dreyer, Thermodynamics and kinetic theory of non-Newtonian fluids, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Mathematische Modellierung und Analysis, June 13, 2018.

  • M. Kantner, Multi-scale modeling and numerical simulation of single-photon emitters, Matheon Workshop--9th Annual Meeting ``Photonic Devices", Zuse Institut, Berlin, March 3, 2016.

  • M. Kantner, Multi-scale modelling and simulation of single-photon sources on a device level, Euro--TMCS II Theory, Modelling & Computational Methods for Semiconductors, Tyndall National Institute and University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, December 9, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, On entropic gradient structures for classical and quantum Markov processes with detailed balance, Pure Analysis and PDEs Seminar, Imperial College London, Department of Mathematics, UK, May 11, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, Chemical Master Equation: Coarse graining via gradient structures, Kolloquium des SFB 1114 ``Scaling Cascades in Complex Systems'', Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Mathematik, Berlin, June 4, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, Geometric approaches at and for theoretical and applied mechanics, Phil Holmes Retirement Celebration, October 8 - 9, 2015, Princeton University, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, New York, USA, October 8, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, The Chemical Master Equation as a discretization of the Fokker--Planck and Liouville equation for chemical reactions, Colloquium of Collaborative Research Center/Transregio ``Discretization in Geometry and Dynamics'', Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, Berlin, February 10, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, The Fokker--Planck and Liouville equations for chemical reactions as large-volume approximations of the Chemical Master Equation, Workshop ``Stochastic Limit Analysis for Reacting Particle Systems'', December 16 - 18, 2015, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, December 18, 2015.

  • R.I.A. Patterson, Approximation errors for Smoluchowski simulations, 10 th IMACS Seminar on Monte Carlo Methods, July 6 - 10, 2015, Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, Austria, July 7, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, Generalized gradient structures for reaction-diffusion systems, Applied Mathematics Seminar, Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Matematica, Italy, June 17, 2014.

  • R.I.A. Patterson, Monte Carlo simulation of nano-particle formation, University of Technology Eindhoven, Institute for Complex Molecular Systems, Netherlands, September 5, 2013.

  • S. Jansen, Large deviations for interacting many-particle systems in the Saha regime, Berlin-Leipzig Seminar on Analysis and Probability Theory, July 8, 2011, Technische Universität Clausthal, Institut für Mathematik, July 8, 2011.

  • W. König, Eigenvalue order statistics and mass concentration in the parabolic Anderson model, Berlin-Leipzig Seminar on Analysis and Probability Theory, Technische Universität Clausthal, Institut für Mathematik, July 8, 2011.

  • W. König, Phase transitions for dilute particle systems with Lennard--Jones potential, University of Bath, Department of Mathematical Sciences, UK, April 14, 2010.

  • W. König, Phase transitions for dilute particle systems with Lennard--Jones potential, Workshop on Mathematics of Phase Transitions: Past, Present, Future, November 12 - 15, 2009, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, November 15, 2009.

  Preprints im Fremdverlag

  • D. Heydecker , R.I.A. Patterson, Kac interaction clusters: A bilinear coagulation equation and phase transition, Preprint no. arXiv:1902.07686, Cornell University Library, 2019.
    Abstract
    We consider the interaction clusters for Kac's model of a gas with quadratic interaction rates, and show that they behave as coagulating particles with a bilinear coagulation kernel. In the large particle number limit the distribution of the interaction cluster sizes is shown to follow an equation of Smoluchowski type. Using a coupling to random graphs, we analyse the limiting equation, showing well-posedness, and a closed form for the time of the gelation phase transition tg when a macroscopic cluster suddenly emerges. We further prove that the second moment of the cluster size distribution diverges exactly at tg. Our methods apply immediately to coagulating particle systems with other bilinear coagulation kernels.