WIAS Preprint No. 2425, (2017)

Type II balanced truncation for deterministic bilinear control systems


  • Redmann, Martin
    ORCID: 0000-0001-5182-9773

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 93A15 93B05 93B07


  • Model order reduction, balanced truncation, bilinear systems, Gramians, error bound




When solving partial differential equations numerically, usually a high order spatial discretisation is needed. Model order reduction (MOR) techniques are often used to reduce the order of spatially-discretised systems and hence reduce computational complexity. A particular MOR technique to obtain a reduced order model (ROM) is balanced truncation (BT), a method which has been extensively studied for deterministic linear systems. As so-called type I BT it has already been extended to bilinear equations, an important subclass of nonlinear systems. We provide an alternative generalisation of the linear setting to bilinear systems which is called type II BT. The Gramians that we propose in this context contain information about the control. It turns out that the new approach delivers energy bounds which are not just valid in a small neighbourhood of zero. Furthermore, we provide an ℋ∞-error bound which so far is not known when applying type I BT to bilinear systems.

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