Micro- and nano-scale engineering and structures shape architecture at nucleation from In-As-Sb-P composition liquid phase on an InAs(100) surface
- Gambaryan, Karen M.
- Marquardt, Oliver
- Boeck, Torsten
- Trampert, Achim
2008 Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme
- 73.21.La 73.22.Dj 81.10.Dn
- Nanostructures, nanoarchitecture, liquid phase epitaxy, electronic properties, infrared photodetectors
In this review paper we present results of the growth, characterization and electronic properties of In(As,Sb,P) composition strain-induced micro- and nanostructures. Nucleation is performed from In-As-Sb-P quaternary composition liquid phase in Stranski--Krastanow growth mode using steady-state liquid phase epitaxy. Growth features and the shape transformation of pyramidal islands, lens-shape and ellipsoidal type-II quantum dots (QDs), quantum rings and QD-molecules are under consideration. It is shown that the application of a quaternary In(As,Sb,P) composition wetting layer allows not only more flexible control of lattice-mismatch between the wetting layer and an InAs(100) substrate, but also opens up new possibilities for nanoscale engineering and nanoarchitecture of several types of nanostructures. HR-SEM, AFM, TEM and STM are used for nanostructure characterization. Optoelectronic properties of the grown structures are investigated by FTIR and photoresponse spectra measurements. Using an eight-band $mathbfkcdotmathbfp$ model taking strain and built-in electrostatic potentials into account, the electronic properties of a wide range of InAs$_1-x-y$Sb$_x$P$_y$ QDs and QD-molecules are computed. Two types of QDs mid-infrared photodetectors are fabricated and investigated. It is shown that the incorporation of QDs allows to improve some output device characteristics, in particularly sensitivity, and to broaden the spectral range.