WIAS Preprint No. 1933, (2014)

Electromagnetic scattering by biperiodic multilayered gratings: A recursive integral equation approach


  • Bugert, Beatrice
  • Schmidt, Gunther

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 31B10 35Q61 78A45 78M15


  • diffraction, biperiodic structure, multilayer grating, integral equation method, recursive algorithm




In this paper, we propose a new recursive integral equation algorithm to solve the direct problem of electromagnetic scattering by biperiodic multilayered structures with polyhedral Lipschitz regular interfaces. We work with a combined potential approach that involves one unknown density on each of the grating profiles of the multilayered scatterer. Justified by the transmission conditions of the underlying electromagnetic scattering problem, we assume that densities in adjacent layers are linearly linked by a boundary integral operator and derive a recursion for these densities. It comprehends the inversion of one boundary integral equation on each scattering interface. Our algorithm is shown to be equivalent to the biperiodic multilayered electromagnetic scattering problem. Moreover, we obtain new existence and uniqueness results for our recursive integral equation algorithm, which promises to lead to an efficient numerical implementation of the considered scattering problem. These solvability results depend on the regularity of the grating interfaces and the values of the electromagnetic material parameters of the biperiodic multilayered structure at hand.

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