WIAS Preprint No. 2944, (2022)

Macroscopic loops in the $3d$ double-dimer model



Authors

  • Quitmann, Alexandra
  • Taggi, Lorenzo

2020 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 82B26 60K35 82B20

Keywords

  • Random loop models, phase transitions, self-avoiding walk, dimer model, statistical mechanics

DOI

10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2944

Abstract

The double dimer model is defined as the superposition of two independent uniformly distributed dimer covers of a graph. Its configurations can be viewed as disjoint collections of self-avoiding loops. Our first result is that in ℤ d, d>2, the loops in the double dimer model are macroscopic. These are shown to behave qualitatively differently than in two dimensions. In particular, we show that, given two distant points of a large box, with uniformly positive probability there exists a loop visiting both points. Our second result involves the monomer double-dimer model, namely the double-dimer model in the presence of a density of monomers. These are vertices which are not allowed to be touched by any loop. This model depends on a parameter, the monomer activity, which controls the density of monomers. It is known from [Betz, Taggi] that a finite critical threshold of the monomer activity exists, below which a self-avoiding walk forced through the system is macroscopic. Our paper shows that, when d >2, such a critical threshold is strictly positive. In other words, the self-avoiding walk is macroscopic even in the presence of a positive density of monomers.

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