Mathematical Topics

Algorithms for the generation of 3D boundary conforming Delaunay meshes

This work is motivated by the needs of the numerical solution of partial differential equations by finite element or finite volume methods. In order to apply these methods, a given domain has to be subdivided into a number of cells with simple geometry. The quality of this subdivision affects the accuracy and convergence of the method. Boundary conforming Delaunay meshes with good quality are the prerequisite for the construction of the Voronoi-box based finite volume method. This method allows to carry over important qualitative properties from the continuous problem to the discretized one. The project is devoted to the construction of boundary conforming Delaunay meshes for three-dimensional domains. [>> more]

Analysis of Partial Differential Equations and Evolutionary Equations

Partial differential equations form an adequate and powerful instrument to provide a mathematical model for nature. At the Weierstrass Institute this research has two essential focuses: (a) Regularity for the solutions of linear elliptic equations and (b) Existence, uniqueness and regularity for evolution equations. [>> more]

Analysis of ordinary and partial stochastic diff erential equations

An ordinary differential equation is often used to model the movement of a particle. Similarly, partial differential equation can be used to describe the evolution of a total of trajectories of particles. It is natural to add randomness to such models: sometimes because this is a more realistic description which takes into account random noise, sometimes because this randomness is fundamental to the model itself as is the case for financial markets. [>> more]

Direct and inverse problems for the Maxwell equations

The work is focussed on models for inductive heating of steel and for light scattering by periodic surface structures. For this the quasi-stationary Maxwell equation is coupled with nonlinear partial differential equations and the timeharmonic Maxwell equation is combined with special radiation conditions, respectively. The convergence of numerical methods and several inverse promblems are analyzed. [>> more]

Free boundary problems for partial differential equations

Free boundary problems are investigated in connection with energy technology and coating of surfaces. [>> more]

Functional analysis and operator theory

At WIAS, functional analysis and operator theory are related, in particular, to problems of partial differential equations and evolutions equations, to analysis of multiscale, hybrid and rate-independent models and, finally, to mathematical problems of semiconductor models. [>> more]

Hysteresis operators and rate-independent systems

Time-dependent processes in physics, biology, and economics often exhibit a rate-independent input-output behavior. Quite often, such processes are accompanied by the occurrence of hysteresis phenomena induced by inherent memory effects. There are two methods to describe such processes. 1. In order to describe the current state, one can add internal variables to the observable variables, and describes the evolution of internal variables. 2. For many cases one can find hysteresis operators directly describing the input-output-behavior, such that the state depends on the history of the considered process. [>> more]

Interacting random systems

Large random interacting particle systems are mostly defined either by coupled systems of stochastic differential equations or via Hamiltonian functions. [>> more]

Large deviations

The theory of large deviations, a branch of probability theory, provides tools for the description of the asymptotic decay rate of a small probability, as a certain parameter diverges or shrinks to zero. Examples are large times, low temperatures, large numbers of stochastic quantities, or an approximation parameter. [>> more]

Modeling, analysis and numerics of phase field models

A diffuse phase field model is a mathematical model for describing microstructural phenomena and for predicting morphological evolution on the mesoscale. It is applied to a wide variety of material processes such as solidification, coarsening in alloys, crack propagation and martensitic transformations. [>> more]

Multi scale modeling and hybrid models

Because of the ongoing miniaturization, modern devices in mechanics, electronics, or optics become smaller and smaller. Their working principles depend more and more on effects on different spatial scales. The aim is to optimize the efficiency by adapting the arrangement of interfaces or periodic microstructures. The understanding of the transfer between different scales relies on mathematical methods such as homogenization, asymptotic analysis, or Gamma convergence. The generated effective models are coupled partial differential equations combining volume and interfacial effects. [>> more]

Multiscale Modeling and Asymptotic Analysis

This work is focussed on plates, beams, shells and arches; sharp interface limits of generalized Navier-Stokes-Korteweg systems; sharp limits of regularized diffusion equations with mechanical coupling for applications in energy technology as well as thin film equations. [>> more]

Nonlinear kinetic equations

Kinetic equations describe the rate at which a system or mixture changes its chemical properties. Such equations are often non-linear, because interactions in the material are complex and the speed of change is dependent on the system size as well as the strength of the external influences. [>> more]

Numerical Methods for PDEs with Stochastic Data

Models of real-world phenomena inevitably include uncertainties which influence the solutions in a nonlinear way. Numerical methods for PDE with stochastic data enable to quantify such uncertainties of the solution in dependence of the stochastic inputdata. [>> more]

Numerical methods for coupled systems in computational fluid dynamics

The main field of research are schemes for convection-diffusion equations, transport equations with exponential nonlinearities and Navier-Stokes equations (turbulent flows). The methods are based on FEM and FVM spatial discretizations and on implicit temporal discretizations. Considered applications involve population balance systems and Roosbroeck systems. [>> more]

Optimal control of partial differential equations and nonlinear optimization

Many processes in nature and technics can only be prescribed by partial differential equations,e.g. heating- or cooling processes, the propagation of acoustic or electromagnetic waves, fluid mechanics. Additionally to challenges in modeling, in various applications the manipulation or controlling of the modeled system is also of interest in order to obtain a certain purpose... [>> more]

Spectral theory of random operators

Many questions about processes and phenomena are described by random operators, most notably by the random Schrödinger operator (Anderson operator) and the Laplace operator with random weights (conductances) on the edges between nearest neighbours. [>> more]

Systems of partial differential equations: modeling, numerical analysis and simulation

The mathematical description of many scientific and technological problems leads to systems of partial differential equations (PDEs). [>> more]

Variational methods

Many physical phenomena can be described by suitable functionals, whose critical points play the role of equilibrium solutions. Of particular interest are local and global minimizers: a soap bubble minimizes the surface area subject to a given volume and an elastic body minimizes the stored elastic energy subject to given boundary conditions. [>> more]


Further mathematical topics where the institute has expertise in:


For the production of semiconductor crystals, electromagnetic fields are often used to produce heat by induction. Moreover, Lorentz forces can improve the melt motion during crystal growth processes. Their modeling leads to a system of coupled partial differential equations. [>> more]