Extremal principles play a fundamental role in physics and mechanics. They state that a system adjusts its state always in a manner such that the associated functional is extremal: A soap bubble minimizes the surface area subject to a given volume, an elastic body minimizes the stored elastic energy subject to given boundary conditions, and a temperature-dependent system maximizes entropy subject to a given energy. Thus, one can determine equilibrium states in a canonical way by studying local or global minimizers or maximizers of a functional.

Moreover, many non-equilibrium phenomena exhibit a variational structure where some energy functional is minimized, for example in Lagrangian mechanics or in gradient flows. A deeper understanding of these variational structures unveals the workings behind the dynamics, which can be used for scale bridging purposes.

Applications of variational methods are found in many areas:

  • linear and nonlinear elastostatics and contact problems
  • microstructures in plasticity and shape memory alloys
  • free boundary problems and multiphase problems
  • equilibria in reaction-diffusion systems
  • ground states in quantum mechanics and density functional theory
  • optimization
  • risk minimization in finance and economy

An elastic body minimizes its stored energy subject to boundary conditions and applied forces.

Derivation of effective multiscale models

At WIAS, the strong tools provided by the calculus of variations are further improved and used in the treatment of partial differential equations in all of the above applications. Especially in the field of multiscale modeling, e.g. for dimension reduction or for the characterization of microstructures in solids, variational techniques such as Gamma-convergence are extended and applied to obtain novel effective models that offer for example an easier numerical treatment. Moreover, such techniques often turn out to be inevitable for the understanding of the transition from discrete systems to rescaled continuous approximations.

Variational methods for evolution problems

While the direct methods of calculus of variations deal with minimization problems, i.e. static problems, at WIAS we aim at extending the rich toolbox of calculus of variations also to evolutionary problems. In particular, we consider systems that are driven by functionals. Generalized gradient systems, for example, are systems whose evolution is driven by an energy or entropy functional towards equilibrium while a convex dissipation potential controls the dissipated energy or entropy during this evolution. Classical gradient systems correspond to quadratic dissipation potentials, however, also non- quadratic dissipation potentials are of great interest. In rate-independent systems for instance the dissipation potentials are positively homogeneous of degree one. In Mielke, Peletier, Renger it was shown that discrete Markovian jump processes lead via large deviation principles to generalized gradient systems with non-quadratic dissipation potentials.

Large deviation principles

Variational problems also serve as the basis of a natural formulation of exponential decay rates of certain probabilities in the light of the theory of large deviations, which is used at WIAS to make the asymptotic description of models of statistical mechanics explicit. They usually reveal deeper properties and structures of the model, and their minimizers describe optimal (i.e., most probable) configurations of the system.

Many particle limit.

Highlights

Gradient structures for reaction-diffusion and energy-drift-diffusion equations

Starting from the pioneering work of Felix Otto, the deep connection between optimal transport problems and scalar diffusion problems has been under intensive research in the last decades. One of the essential connecting factors is the interpretation of the Kantorovich-Wasserstein distance in a Riemannian sense, i.e. it is induced by a symmetric and positive semidefinite differential operator, also called Onsager operator, whose inverse is an infinite-dimensional version of a Riemannian tensor. Starting from this important observation, generalizations of the Onsager operator were introduced in Mielke 2011, that can be associated with certain PDEs of reaction-diffusion-type via gradient-flow formulations. In particular, the energy-drift-diffusion systems used in the modeling of charge and energy flow in semiconductor devices were shown to have this beneficial structure.

Hellinger-Kantorovich distances and entropy-transport problems

In Liero, Mielke, Savaré 2016 several useful characterizations of a new distance on the space of all finite, nonnegative measures were established. The distance is induced by an Onsager operator that leads to scalar reaction- diffusion equation modeling the spreading and growth of biological tissue. It is called Hellinger-Kantorovich distance as it can be seen as a convolution between the Hellinger-Kakutani distance and the Kantorovich-Wasserstein distance. The most interesting characterization of the distance gives rise to so-called entropy-transport problems that consists of a classical transport part, describing the effective cost of moving some mass, and an entropy part penalizing the deviation of the initial and final transported mass distributions from the initial and the final given mass distributions. New fields of applications, for example in image analysis, emerge for this new class of entropy-transport problems.

Geodesic interpolation between mass distributions with respect to the Hellinger-Kantorovich distance can be characterized as optimal transport between optimal lifts of the measures in the cone space. The original measures are the barycenters of the lifts .
Geodesic curve between characteristic functions with respect to the new HEllinger-Kantorovich distance.

Publications

  Monographs

  • H.-Chr. Kaiser, D. Knees, A. Mielke, J. Rehberg, E. Rocca, M. Thomas, E. Valdinoci, eds., PDE 2015: Theory and Applications of Partial Differential Equations, 10 of Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems -- Series S, American Institute of Mathematical Science, Springfield, 2017, IV+933 pages, (Collection Published).
    Abstract
    HAGs von Christoph bestätigen lassen

  • C. Bucur, E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal Diffusion and Applications, Lecture Notes of the Unione Matematica Italiana, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Cham, 2016, xii+155 pages, (Monograph Published).
    Abstract
    Working in the fractional Laplace framework, this book provides models and theorems related to nonlocal diffusion phenomena. In addition to a simple probabilistic interpretation, some applications to water waves, crystal dislocations, nonlocal phase transitions, nonlocal minimal surfaces and Schrödinger equations are given. Furthermore, an example of an s-harmonic function, its harmonic extension and some insight into a fractional version of a classical conjecture due to De Giorgi are presented. Although the aim is primarily to gather some introductory material concerning applications of the fractional Laplacian, some of the proofs and results are new. The work is entirely self-contained, and readers who wish to pursue related subjects of interest are invited to consult the rich bibliography for guidance.

  • W. König, The Parabolic Anderson Model -- Random Walks in Random Potential, Pathways in Mathematics, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2016, xi+192 pages, (Monograph Published).

  • A. Mielke, Chapter 3: On Evolutionary $Gamma$-Convergence for Gradient Systems, in: Macroscopic and Large Scale Phenomena: Coarse Graining, Mean Field Limits and Ergodicity, A. Muntean, J.D.M. Rademacher, A. Zagaris, eds., 3 of Lecture Notes in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Cham, 2016, pp. 187--249, (Chapter Published).
    Abstract
    In these notes we discuss general approaches for rigorously deriving limits of generalized gradient flows. Our point of view is that a generalized gradient system is defined in terms of two functionals, namely the energy functional Eε and the dissipation potential Rε or the associated dissipation distance. We assume that the functionals depend on a small parameter and the associated gradients systems have solutions uε. We investigate the question under which conditions the limits u of (subsequences of) the solutions uε are solutions of the gradient system generated by the Γ-limits E0 and R0. Here the choice of the right topology will be crucial as well as additional structural conditions.
    We cover classical gradient systems, where Rε is quadratic, and rate-independent systems as well as the passage from viscous to rate-independent systems. Various examples, such as periodic homogenization, are used to illustrate the abstract concepts and results.

  • A. Mielke, T. Roubíček, Rate-independent Systems. Theory and Application, 193 of Applied Mathematical Sciences, Springer International Publishing, New York, 2015, vii+660 pages, (Monograph Published).
    Abstract
    This monograph provides both an introduction to and a thorough exposition of the theory of rate-independent systems, which the authors have been working on with a lot of collaborators over 15 years. The focus is mostly on fully rate-independent systems, first on an abstract level either with or even without a linear structure, discussing various concepts of solutions with full mathematical rigor. Then, usefulness of the abstract concepts is demonstrated on the level of various applications primarily in continuum mechanics of solids, including suitable approximation strategies with guaranteed numerical stability and convergence. Particular applications concern inelastic processes such as plasticity, damage, phase transformations, or adhesive-type contacts both at small strains and at finite strains. A few other physical systems, e.g. magnetic or ferroelectric materials, and couplings to rate-dependent thermodynamic models are considered as well. Selected applications are accompanied by numerical simulations illustrating both the models and the efficiency of computational algorithms. In this book, the mathematical framework for a rigorous mathematical treatment of "rate-independent systems" is presented in a comprehensive form for the first time. Researchers and graduate students in applied mathematics, engineering, and computational physics will find this timely and well written book useful.

  • A. Mielke, Chapter 5: Variational Approaches and Methods for Dissipative Material Models with Multiple Scales, in: Analysis and Computation of Microstructure in Finite Plasticity, S. Conti, K. Hackl, eds., 78 of Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics, Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg et al., 2015, pp. 125--155, (Chapter Published).
    Abstract
    In a first part we consider evolutionary systems given as generalized gradient systems and discuss various variational principles that can be used to construct solutions for a given system or to derive the limit dynamics for multiscale problems. These multiscale limits are formulated in the theory of evolutionary Gamma-convergence. On the one hand we consider the a family of viscous gradient system with quadratic dissipation potentials and a wiggly energy landscape that converge to a rate-independent system. On the other hand we show how the concept of Balanced-Viscosity solution arise as in the vanishing-viscosity limit.
     
    As applications we discuss, first, the evolution of laminate microstructures in finite-strain elastoplasticity and, second, a two-phase model for shape-memory materials, where H-measures are used to construct the mutual recovery sequences needed in the existence theory.

  • E. Valdinoci, ed., Contemporary PDEs between theory and applications, 35 of Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems Series A, American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Springfield, 2015, 625 pages, (Collection Published).

  • G. Dal Maso, A. Mielke, U. Stefanelli, eds., Rate-independent Evolutions, 6 (No. 1) of Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems -- Series S, American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Springfield, 2013, 275 pages, (Collection Published).

  • A. Mielke, Chapter: Differential, Energetic, and Metric Formulations for Rate-Independent Processes, in: Nonlinear PDE's and Applications, C.I.M.E. Summer School, Cetraro, Italy 2008, L. Ambrosio, G. Savaré, eds., 2028 of Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 2011, pp. 87--167, (Chapter Published).
    Abstract
    We consider different solution concepts for rate-independent systems. This includes energetic solutions in the topological setting and differentiable, local, parametrized and BV solutions in the Banach-space setting. The latter two solution concepts rely on the method of vanishing viscosity, in which solutions of the rate-independent system are defined as limits of solutions of systems with small viscosity. Finally, we also show how the theory of metric evolutionary systems can be used to define parametrized and BV solutions in metric spaces.

  • A. Mielke, F. Otto, G. Savaré, U. Stefanelli, eds., Variational Methods for Evolution, 8 of Oberwolfach Reports, European Mathematical Society Publishing House, Zurich, 2011, pp. 3145--3216, (Chapter Published).

  Articles in Refereed Journals

  • M. Liero, A. Mielke, M.A. Peletier, D.R.M. Renger, On microscopic origins of generalized gradient structures, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems -- Series S, 10 (2017), pp. 1--35, DOI 10.3934/dcdss.2017001 .
    Abstract
    Classical gradient systems have a linear relation between rates and driving forces. In generalized gradient systems we allow for arbitrary relations derived from general non-quadratic dissipation potentials. This paper describes two natural origins for these structures. A first microscopic origin of generalized gradient structures is given by the theory of large-deviation principles. While Markovian diffusion processes lead to classical gradient structures, Poissonian jump processes give rise to cosh-type dissipation potentials. A second origin arises via a new form of convergence, that we call EDP-convergence. Even when starting with classical gradient systems, where the dissipation potential is a quadratic functional of the rate, we may obtain a generalized gradient system in the evolutionary Gamma-limit. As examples we treat (i) the limit of a diffusion equation having a thin layer of low diffusivity, which leads to a membrane model, and (ii) the limit of diffusion over a high barrier, which gives a reaction-diffusion system.

  • R. Rossi, M. Thomas, Coupling rate-independent and rate-dependent processes: Existence results, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 49 (2017), pp. 1419--1494.
    Abstract
    We address the analysis of an abstract system coupling a rate-independet process with a second order (in time) nonlinear evolution equation. We propose suitable weak solution concepts and obtain existence results by passing to the limit in carefully devised time-discretization schemes. Our arguments combine techniques from the theory of gradient systems with the toolbox for rate-independent evolution, thus reflecting the mixed character of the problem. Finally, we discuss applications to a class of rate-independent processes in visco-elastic solids with inertia, and to a recently proposed model for damage with plasticity.

  • R. Rossi, M. Thomas, From adhesive to brittle delamination in visco-elastodynamics, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 27 (2017), pp. 1489--1546, DOI 10.1142/S0218202517500257 .
    Abstract
    In this paper we analyze a system for brittle delamination between two visco-elastic bodies, also subject to inertia, which can be interpreted as a model for dynamic fracture. The rate-independent flow rule for the delamination parameter is coupled with the momentum balance for the displacement, including inertia. This model features a nonsmooth constraint ensuring the continuity of the displacements outside the crack set, which is marked by the support of the delamination parameter. A weak solvability concept, generalizing the notion of energetic solution for rate-independent systems to the present mixed rate-dependent/rate-independent frame, is proposed. Via refined variational convergence techniques, existence of solutions is proved by passing to the limit in approximating systems which regularize the nonsmooth constraint by conditions for adhesive contact. The presence of the inertial term requires the design of suitable recovery spaces small enough to provide compactness but large enough to recover the information on the crack set in the limit.

  • P. Colli, G. Gilardi, E. Rocca, J. Sprekels, Optimal distributed control of a diffuse interface model of tumor growth, Nonlinearity, 30 (2017), pp. 2518--2546.
    Abstract
    In this paper, a distributed optimal control problem is studied for a diffuse interface model of tumor growth which was proposed by Hawkins--Daruud et al. in citeHZO. The model consists of a Cahn-Hilliard equation for the tumor cell fraction $vp$ coupled to a reaction-diffusion equation for a function $s$ representing the nutrient-rich extracellular water volume fraction. The distributed control $u$ monitors as a right-hand side the equation for $s$ and can be interpreted as a nutrient supply or a medication, while the cost function, which is of standard tracking type, is meant to keep the tumor cell fraction under control during the evolution. We show that the control-to-state operator is Fréchet differentiable between appropriate Banach spaces and derive the first-order necessary optimality conditions in terms of a variational inequality involving the adjoint state variables.

  • P. Colli, G. Gilardi, E. Rocca, J. Sprekels, Asymptotic analyses and error estimates for a Cahn--Hilliard type phase field system modelling tumor growth, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 10 (2017), pp. 37--54.
    Abstract
    This paper is concerned with a phase field system of Cahn--Hilliard type that is related to a tumor growth model and consists of three equations in gianni terms of the variables order parameter, chemical potential and nutrient concentration. This system has been investigated in the recent papers citeCGH and citeCGRS gianni from the viewpoint of well-posedness, long time bhv and asymptotic convergence as two positive viscosity coefficients tend to zero at the same time. Here, we continue the analysis performed in citeCGRS by showing two independent sets of results as just one of the coefficents tends to zero, the other remaining fixed. We prove convergence results, uniqueness of solutions to the two resulting limit problems, and suitable error estimates

  • CH. Heinemann, Ch. Kraus, E. Rocca, R. Rossi, A temperature-dependent phase-field model for phase separation and damage, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, 225 (2017), pp. 177--247.
    Abstract
    In this paper we study a model for phase separation and damage in thermoviscoelastic materials. The main novelty of the paper consists in the fact that, in contrast with previous works in the literature (cf., e.g., [C. Heinemann, C. Kraus: Existence results of weak solutions for Cahn-Hilliard systems coupled with elasticity and damage. Adv. Math. Sci. Appl. 21 (2011), 321--359] and [C. Heinemann, C. Kraus: Existence results for diffuse interface models describing phase separation and damage. European J. Appl. Math. 24 (2013), 179--211]), we encompass in the model thermal processes, nonlinearly coupled with the damage, concentration and displacement evolutions. More in particular, we prove the existence of "entropic weak solutions", resorting to a solvability concept first introduced in [E. Feireisl: Mathematical theory of compressible, viscous, and heat conducting fluids. Comput. Math. Appl. 53 (2007), 461--490] in the framework of Fourier-Navier-Stokes systems and then recently employed in [E. Feireisl, H. Petzeltová, E. Rocca: Existence of solutions to a phase transition model with microscopic movements. Math. Methods Appl. Sci. 32 (2009), 1345--1369], [E. Rocca, R. Rossi: "Entropic" solutions to a thermodynamically consistent PDE system for phase transitions and damage. SIAM J. Math. Anal., 47 (2015), 2519--2586] for the study of PDE systems for phase transition and damage. Our global-in-time existence result is obtained by passing to the limit in a carefully devised time-discretization scheme.

  • J. Sprekels, E. Valdinoci, A new type of identification problems: Optimizing the fractional order in a nonlocal evolution equation, SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization, 55 (2017), pp. 70--93.
    Abstract
    In this paper, we consider a rather general linear evolution equation of fractional type, namely a diffusion type problem in which the diffusion operator is the power of a positive definite operator having a positive and discrete spectrum. We prove existence, uniqueness and differentiability properties with respect to the fractional parameter. These results are then employed to derive existence as well as first-order necessary and second-order sufficient optimality conditions for a minimization problem, which is inspired by considerations in mathematical biology. In this problem, the fractional parameter $s$ serves as the “control parameter” that needs to be chosen in such a way as to minimize a given cost functional. This problem constitutes a new classof identification problems: while usually in identification problems the type of the differential operator is prescribed and one or several of its coefficient functions need to be identified, in the present case one has to determine the type of the differential operator itself. This problem exhibits the inherent analytical difficulty that with changing fractional parameter also the domain of definition, and thus the underlying function space, of the fractional operator changes.

  • M. Thomas, Ch. Zanini, Cohesive zone-type delamination in visco-elasticity, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems -- Series S, 10 (2017), pp. 1487--1517, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2350 .
    Abstract
    We study a model for the rate-independent evolution of cohesive zone delamination in a visco-elastic solid, also exposed to dynamics effects. The main feature of this model, inspired by [Ortiz&Pandoli99Int.J.Numer.Meth.Eng.], is that the surface energy related to the crack opening depends on the history of the crack separation between the two sides of the crack path, and allows for different responses upon loading and unloading.

    Due to the presence of multivalued and unbounded operators featuring non-penetration and the `memory'-constraint in the strong formulation of the problem, we prove existence of a weaker notion of solution, known as semistable energetic solution, pioneered in [Roubicek09M2AS] and refined in [Rossi&Thomas15WIAS-Preprint2113].

  • A. Mielke, R. Rossi, G. Savaré, Global existence results for viscoplasticity at finite strain, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, (2017), published online on 20.9.2017, DOI 10.1007/s00205-017-1164-6 .
    Abstract

    We study a model for rate-dependent gradient plasticity at finite strain based on the multiplicative decomposition of the strain tensor, and investigate the existence of global-in-time solutions to the related PDE system. We reveal its underlying structure as a generalized gradient system, where the driving energy functional is highly nonconvex and features the geometric nonlinearities related to finite-strain elasticity as well as the multiplicative decomposition of finite-strain plasticity. Moreover, the dissipation potential depends on the left-invariant plastic rate and thus, depends on the plastic state variable.
    The existence theory is developed for a class of abstract, nonsmooth, and nonconvex gradient systems, for which we introduce suitable notions of solutions, namely energy-dissipation-balance (EDB) and energy-dissipation-inequality (EDI) solutions. Hence, we resort to the toolbox of the direct method of the calculus of variations to check that the specific energy and dissipation functionals for our viscoplastic models comply with the conditions of the general theory.
  • A. Mielke, R.I.A. Patterson, M.A. Peletier, D.R.M. Renger, Non-equilibrium thermodynamical principles for chemical reactions with mass-action kinetics, SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, 77 (2017), pp. 1562--1585, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2165 .
    Abstract
    We study stochastic interacting particle systems that model chemical reaction networks on the micro scale, converging to the macroscopic Reaction Rate Equation. One abstraction level higher, we study the ensemble of such particle systems, converging to the corresponding Liouville transport equation. For both systems, we calculate the corresponding large deviations and show that under the condition of detailed balance, the large deviations induce a non-linear relation between thermodynamic fluxes and free energy driving force.

  • E. Cinti, J. Davila, M. Del Pino, Solutions of the fractional Allen--Cahn equation which are invariant under screw motion, Journal of the London Mathematical Society. Second Series, 94 (2016), pp. 295--313.
    Abstract
    We establish existence and non-existence results for entire solutions to the fractional Allen--Cahn equation in R3 , which vanish on helicoids and are invariant under screw-motion. In addition, we prove that helicoids are surfaces with vanishing nonlocal mean curvature.

  • E. Cinti, F. Otto, Interpolation inequalities in pattern formation, Journal of Functional Analysis, 271 (2016), pp. 1043--1376.
    Abstract
    We prove some interpolation inequalities which arise in the analysis of pattern formation in physics. They are the strong version of some already known estimates in weak form that are used to give a lower bound of the energy in many contexts (coarsening and branching in micromagnetics and superconductors). The main ingredient in the proof of our inequalities is a geometric construction which was first used by Choksi, Conti, Kohn, and one of the authors in [4] in the study of branching in superconductors.

  • M. Cozzi, A. Farina, E. Valdinoci, Monotonicity formulae and classification results for singular, degenerate, anisotropic PDEs, Advances in Mathematics, 293 (2016), pp. 343--381.
    Abstract
    We consider possibly degenerate and singular elliptic equations in a possibly anisotropic medium. We obtain monotonicity results for the energy density, rigidity results for the solutions and classi?cation results for the singularity/degeneracy/anisotropy allowed. As far as we know, these results are new even in the case of non-singular and non- degenerate anisotropic equations.

  • S.P. Frigeri, Global existence of weak solutions for a nonlocal model for two-phase flows of incompressible fluids with unmatched densities, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 26 (2016), pp. 1957--1993.
    Abstract
    We consider a diffuse interface model for an incompressible isothermal mixture of two viscous Newtonian fluids with different densities in a bounded domain in two or three space dimensions. The model is the nonlocal version of the one recently derived by Abels, Garcke and Grün and consists of a Navier-Stokes type system coupled with a convective nonlocal Cahn-Hilliard equation. The density of the mixture depends on an order parameter. For this nonlocal system we prove existence of global dissipative weak solutions for the case of singular double-well potentials and non degenerate mobilities. To this goal we devise an approach which is completely independent of the one employed by Abels, Depner and Garcke to establish existence of weak solutions for the local Abels et al. model.

  • M. Liero, A. Mielke, G. Savaré, Optimal transport in competition with reaction: The Hellinger--Kantorovich distance and geodesic curves, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 48 (2016), pp. 2869--2911.
    Abstract
    We discuss a new notion of distance on the space of finite and nonnegative measures on Ω ⊂ ℝ d, which we call Hellinger-Kantorovich distance. It can be seen as an inf-convolution of the well-known Kantorovich-Wasserstein distance and the Hellinger-Kakutani distance. The new distance is based on a dynamical formulation given by an Onsager operator that is the sum of a Wasserstein diffusion part and an additional reaction part describing the generation and absorption of mass. We present a full characterization of the distance and some of its properties. In particular, the distance can be equivalently described by an optimal transport problem on the cone space over the underlying space Ω. We give a construction of geodesic curves and discuss examples and their general properties.

  • M. Dai, E. Feireisl, E. Rocca, G. Schimperna, M.E. Schonbek, On asymptotic isotropy for a hydrodynamic model of liquid crystals, Asymptotic Analysis, 97 (2016), pp. 189--210.
    Abstract
    We study a PDE system describing the motion of liquid crystals by means of the Q?tensor description for the crystals coupled with the incompressible Navier-Stokes system. Using the method of Fourier splitting, we show that solutions of the system tend to the isotropic state at the rate (1 + t)?? as t ? ? 1 for a certain ? > 2 .

  • S. Dipierro, O. Savin, E. Valdinoci, Graph properties for nonlocal minimal surfaces, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 55 (2016), pp. 86/1--86/25.
    Abstract
    In this paper we show that a nonlocal minimal surface which is a graph outside a cylinder is in fact a graph in the whole of the space. As a consequence, in dimension 3, we show that the graph is smooth. The proofs rely on convolution techniques and appropriate integral estimates which show the pointwise validity of an Euler?Lagrange equation related to the nonlocal mean curvature.

  • S. Patrizi, E. Valdinoci, Relaxation times for atom dislocations in crystals, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 55 (2016), pp. 71/1--71/44.
    Abstract
    We study the relaxation times for a parabolic differential equation whose solution represents the atom dislocation in a crystal. The equation that we consider comprises the classical Peierls?Nabarro model as a particular case, and it allows also long range interactions. It is known that the dislocation function of such a model has the tendency to concentrate at single points, which evolve in time according to the external stress and a singular, long range potential. Depending on the orientation of the dislocation function at these points, the potential may be either attractive or repulsive, hence collisions may occur in the latter case and, at the collision time, the dislocation function does not disappear. The goal of this paper is to provide accurate estimates on the relaxation times of the system after collision. More precisely, we take into account the case of two and three colliding points, and we show that, after a small transition time subsequent to the collision, the dislocation function relaxes exponentially fast to a steady state. In this sense, the system exhibits two different decay behaviors, namely an exponential time decay versus a polynomial decay in the space variables (and these two homogeneities are kept separate during the time evolution).

  • A. Farina, E. Valdinoci, 1D symmetry for semilinear PDEs from the limit interface of the solution, Communications in Partial Differential Equations, 41 (2016), pp. 665--682.
    Abstract
    We study bounded, monotone solutions of ?u = W?(u) in the whole of ?n, where W is a double-well potential. We prove that under suitable assumptions on the limit interface and on the energy growth, u is 1D. In particular, differently from the previous literature, the solution is not assumed to have minimal properties and the cases studied lie outside the range of ?-convergence methods. We think that this approach could be fruitful in concrete situations, where one can observe the phase separation at a large scale and wishes to deduce the values of the state parameter in the vicinity of the interface. As a simple example of the results obtained with this point of view, we mention that monotone solutions with energy bounds, whose limit interface does not contain a vertical line through the origin, are 1D, at least up to dimension 4.

  • X. Ros-Oton, E. Valdinoci, The Dirichlet problem for nonlocal operators with kernels: Convex and nonconvex domains, Advances in Mathematics, 288 (2016), pp. 732--790.
    Abstract
    We study the interior regularity of solutions to a Dirichlet problem for anisotropic operators of fractional type. A prototype example is given by the sum of one-dimensional fractional Laplacians in fixed, given directions. We prove here that an interior differentiable regularity theory holds in convex domains. When the spectral measure is a bounded function and the domain is smooth, the same regularity theory applies. In particular, solutions always possess a classical first derivative. The assumptions on the domain are sharp, since if the domain is not convex and the spectral measure is singular, we construct an explicit counterexample.

  • A. Mielke, M.A. Peletier, D.R.M. Renger, A generalization of Onsager's reciprocity relations to gradient flows with nonlinear mobility, Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics, 41 (2016), pp. 141--149.
    Abstract
    Onsager's 1931 `reciprocity relations' result connects microscopic time-reversibility with a symmetry property of corresponding macroscopic evolution equations. Among the many consequences is a variational characterization of the macroscopic evolution equation as a gradient-flow, steepest-ascent, or maximal-entropy-production equation. Onsager's original theorem is limited to close-to-equilibrium situations, with a Gaussian invariant measure and a linear macroscopic evolution. In this paper we generalize this result beyond these limitations, and show how the microscopic time-reversibility leads to natural generalized symmetry conditions, which take the form of generalized gradient flows.

  • A. Mielke, T. Roubíček, Rate-independent elastoplasticity at finite strains and its numerical approximation, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 26 (2016), pp. 2203--2236.
    Abstract
    Gradient plasticity at large strains with kinematic hardening is analyzed as quasistatic rate-independent evolution. The energy functional with a frame-indifferent polyconvex energy density and the dissipation are approximated numerically by finite elements and implicit time discretization, such that a computationally implementable scheme is obtained. The non-selfpenetration as well as a possible frictionless unilateral contact is considered and approximated numerically by a suitable penalization method which keeps polyconvexity and simultaneously by-passes the Lavrentiev phenomenon. The main result concerns the convergence of the numerical scheme towards energetic solutions.
     
    In the case of incompressible plasticity and of nonsimple materials, where the energy depends on the second derivative of the deformation, we derive an explicit stability criterion for convergence relating the spatial discretization and the penalizations.

  • A. Mielke, R. Rossi, G. Savaré, Balanced viscosity (BV) solutions to infinite-dimensional rate-independent systems, Journal of the European Mathematical Society (JEMS), 18 (2016), pp. 2107--2165.
    Abstract
    Balanced Viscosity solutions to rate-independent systems arise as limits of regularized rate-independent ows by adding a superlinear vanishing-viscosity dissipation. We address the main issue of proving the existence of such limits for in nite-dimensional systems and of characterizing them by a couple of variational properties that combine a local stability condition and a balanced energy-dissipation identity. A careful description of the jump behavior of the solutions, of their di erentiability properties, and of their equivalent representation by time rescaling is also presented. Our techniques rely on a suitable chain-rule inequality for functions of bounded variation in Banach spaces, on re ned lower semicontinuity-compactness arguments, and on new BVestimates that are of independent interest.

  • K. Disser, M. Liero, On gradient structures for Markov chains and the passage to Wasserstein gradient flows, Networks and Heterogeneous Media, 10 (2015), pp. 233-253.
    Abstract
    We study the approximation of Wasserstein gradient structures by their finite-dimensional analog. We show that simple finite-volume discretizations of the linear Fokker-Planck equation exhibit the recently established entropic gradient-flow structure for reversible Markov chains. Then, we reprove the convergence of the discrete scheme in the limit of vanishing mesh size using only the involved gradient-flow structures. In particular, we make no use of the linearity of the equations nor of the fact that the Fokker-Planck equation is of second order.

  • S. Patrizi, E. Valdinoci, Crystal dislocations with different orientations and collisions, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, 217 (2015), pp. 231--261.
    Abstract
    We study a parabolic differential equation whose solution represents the atom dislocation in a crystal for a general type of Peierls-Nabarro model with possibly long range interactions and an external stress. Differently from the previous literature, we treat here the case in which such dislocation is not the superpositions of transitions all occurring with the same orientations (i.e. opposite orientations are allowed as well). We show that, at a long time scale, and at a macroscopic space scale, the dislocations have the tendency to concentrate as pure jumps at points which evolve in time, driven by the external stress and by a singular potential. Due to differences in the dislocation orientations, these points may collide in finite time.

  • S. Patrizi, E. Valdinoci, Homogenization and Orowan's law for anisotropic fractional operators of any order, Nonlinear Analysis. Theory, Methods & Applications. An International Multidisciplinary Journal. Series A: Theory and Methods, 119 (2015), pp. 3--36.
    Abstract
    We consider an anisotropic fractional operator and we consider the homogenization properties of an evolution equation. The scaling properties and the effective Hamiltonian that we obtain is different according to the fractional parameter. In the isotropic onedimensional case, we also prove a statement related to the so-called Orowan's law, that is an appropriate scaling of the effective Hamiltonian presents a linear behavior.

  • E. Rocca, R. Rossi, ``Entropic'' solutions to a thermodynamically consistent PDE system for phase transitions and damage, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 74 (2015), pp. 2519--2586.
    Abstract
    In this paper we analyze a PDE system modelling (non-isothermal) phase transitions and dam- age phenomena in thermoviscoelastic materials. The model is thermodynamically consistent: in particular, no small perturbation assumption is adopted, which results in the presence of quadratic terms on the right-hand side of the temperature equation, only estimated in L^1. The whole system has a highly nonlinear character. We address the existence of a weak notion of solution, referred to as “entropic”, where the temperature equation is formulated with the aid of an entropy inequality, and of a total energy inequality. This solvability concept reflects the basic principles of thermomechanics as well as the thermodynamical consistency of the model. It allows us to obtain global-in-time existence theorems without imposing any restriction on the size of the initial data. We prove our results by passing to the limit in a time discretization scheme, carefully tailored to the nonlinear features of the PDE system (with its “entropic” formulation), and of the a priori estimates performed on it. Our time-discrete analysis could be useful towards the numerical study of this model.

  • S.P. Frigeri, M. Grasselli, E. Rocca, A diffuse interface model for two-phase incompressible flows with nonlocal interactions and nonconstant mobility, Nonlinearity, 28 (2015), pp. 1257--1293.
    Abstract
    We consider a diffuse interface model for incompressible isothermal mixtures of two immiscible fluids with matched constant densities. This model consists of the Navier-Stokes system coupled with a convective nonlocal Cahn-Hilliard equation with non-constant mobility. We first prove the existence of a global weak solution in the case of non-degenerate mobilities and regular potentials of polynomial growth. Then we extend the result to degenerate mobilities and singular (e.g. logarithmic) potentials. In the latter case we also establish the existence of the global attractor in dimension two. Using a similar technique, we show that there is a global attractor for the convective nonlocal Cahn-Hilliard equation with degenerate mobility and singular potential in dimension three.

  • D. Peschka, Thin-film free boundary problems for partial wetting, Journal of Computational Physics, 295 (2015), pp. 770--778.
    Abstract
    We present a novel framework to solve thin-film equations with an explicit non-zero contact angle, where the support of the solution is treated as an unknown. The algorithm uses a finite element method based on a gradient formulation of the thin-film equations coupled to an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method for the motion of the support. Features of this algorithm are its simplicity and robustness. We apply this algorithm in 1D and 2D to problems with surface tension, contact angles and with gravity.

  • E. Bonetti, Ch. Heinemann, Ch. Kraus, A. Segatti, Modeling and analysis of a phase field system for damage and phase separation processes in solids, Journal of Partial Differential Equations, 258 (2015), pp. 3928--3959.
    Abstract
    In this work, we analytically investigate a multi-component system for describing phase separation and damage processes in solids. The model consists of a parabolic diffusion equation of fourth order for the concentration coupled with an elliptic system with material dependent coefficients for the strain tensor and a doubly nonlinear differential inclusion for the damage function. The main aim of this paper is to show existence of weak solutions for the introduced model, where, in contrast to existing damage models in the literature, different elastic properties of damaged and undamaged material are regarded. To prove existence of weak solutions for the introduced system, we start with a regularized version. Then, by passing to the limit, existence results of weak solutions for the proposed model are obtained via suitable variational techniques.

  • A. Di Castro, M. Novaga, R. Berardo, E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal quantitative isoperimetric inequalities, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 54 (2015), pp. 2421--2464.

  • S. Dipierro, E. Valdinoci, On a fractional harmonic replacement, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 35 (2015), pp. 3377--3392.
    Abstract
    Given $s ∈(0,1)$, we consider the problem of minimizing the Gagliardo seminorm in $H^s$ with prescribed condition outside the ball and under the further constraint of attaining zero value in a given set $K$. We investigate how the energy changes in dependence of such set. In particular, under mild regularity conditions, we show that adding a set $A$ to $K$ increases the energy of at most the measure of $A$ (this may be seen as a perturbation result for small sets $A$). Also, we point out a monotonicity feature of the energy with respect to the prescribed sets and the boundary conditions.

  • S. Dipierro, O. Savin, E. Valdinoci, A nonlocal free boundary problem, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 47 (2015), pp. 4559--4605.
    Abstract
    We consider a nonlocal free boundary problem built by a fractional Dirichlet norm plus a fractional perimeter. Among other results, we prove a monotonicity formula for the minimizers, glueing lemmata, uniform energy bounds, convergence results, a regularity theory for the planar cones and a trivialization result for the flat case. Several classical free boundary problems are limit cases of the one that we consider in this paper.

  • R. Rossi, M. Thomas, From an adhesive to a brittle delamination model in thermo-visco-elasticity, ESAIM. Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations, 21 (2015), pp. 1--59.
    Abstract
    We address the analysis of a model for brittle delamination of two visco-elastic bodies, bonded along a prescribed surface. The model also encompasses thermal effects in the bulk. The related PDE system for the displacements, the absolute temperature, and the delamination variable has a highly nonlinear character. On the contact surface, it features frictionless Signorini conditions and a nonconvex, brittle constraint acting as a transmission condition for the displacements. We prove the existence of (weak/energetic) solutions to the associated Cauchy problem, by approximating it in two steps with suitably regularized problems. We perform the two consecutive passages to the limit via refined variational convergence techniques.

  • R. Servadei, E. Valdinoci, The Brezis--Nirenberg result for the fractional Laplacian, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, 367 (2015), pp. 67--102.

  • J. Dávila, M. Del Pino, S. Dipierro, E. Valdinoci, Concentration phenomena for the nonlocal Schrödinger equation with Dirichlet datum, Analysis & PDE, 8 (2015), pp. 1165--1235.
    Abstract
    For a smooth, bounded Euclidean domain, we consider a nonlocal Schrödinger equation with zero Dirichlet datum. We construct a family of solutions that concentrate at an interior point of the domain in the form of a scaling of the ground state in entire space. Unlike the classical case, the leading order of the associated reduced energy functional in a variational reduction procedure is of polynomial instead of exponential order on the distance from the boundary, due to the nonlocal effect. Delicate analysis is needed to overcome the lack of localization, in particular establishing the rather unexpected asymptotics for the Green function in the expanding domain.

  • M. Erbar, J. Maas, D.R.M. Renger, From large deviations to Wasserstein gradient flows in multiple dimensions, Electronic Communications in Probability, 20 (2015), pp. 1--12.
    Abstract
    We study the large deviation rate functional for the empirical distribution of independent Brownian particles with drift. In one dimension, it has been shown by Adams, Dirr, Peletier and Zimmer [ADPZ11] that this functional is asymptotically equivalent (in the sense of Gamma-convergence) to the Jordan-Kinderlehrer-Otto functional arising in the Wasserstein gradient flow structure of the Fokker-Planck equation. In higher dimensions, part of this statement (the lower bound) has been recently proved by Duong, Laschos and Renger, but the upper bound remained open, since the proof in [DLR13] relies on regularity properties of optimal transport maps that are restricted to one dimension. In this note we present a new proof of the upper bound, thereby generalising the result of [ADPZ11] to arbitrary dimensions.

  • M.M. Fall, F. Mahmoudi, E. Valdinoci, Ground states and concentration phenomena for the fractional Schrödinger equation, Nonlinearity, 28 (2015), pp. 1937--1961.
    Abstract
    We consider here solutions of the nonlinear fractional Schrödinger equation. We show that concentration points must be critical points for the potential. We also prove that, if the potential is coercive and has a unique global minimum, then ground states concentrate suitably at such minimal point. In addition, if the potential is radial, then the minimizer is unique.

  • E. Feireisl, E. Rocca, G. Schimperna, A. Zarnescu, Nonisothermal nematic liquid crystal flows with the Ball--Majumdar free energy, Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata. Serie Quarta. Fondazione Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata, c/o Dipartimento di Matematica Ü. Dini", Firenze; Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. English, French, German, Italian, English abstracts., 194 (2015), pp. 1269--1299.
    Abstract
    In this paper we prove the existence of global in time weak solutions for an evolutionary PDE system modelling nonisothermal Landau-de Gennes nematic liquid crystal (LC) flows in three dimensions of space. In our model, the incompressible Navier-Stokes system for the macroscopic velocity $vu$ is coupled to a nonlinear convective parabolic equation describing the evolution of the Q-tensor $QQ$, namely a tensor-valued variable representing the normalized second order moments of the probability distribution function of the LC molecules. The effects of the (absolute) temperature $vt$ are prescribed in the form of an energy balance identity complemented with a global entropy production inequality. Compared to previous contributions, we can consider here the physically realistic singular configuration potential $f$ introduced by Ball and Majumdar. This potential gives rise to severe mathematical difficulties since it introduces, in the Q-tensor equation, a term which is at the same time singular in $QQ$ and degenerate in $vt$. To treat it a careful analysis of the properties of $f$, particularly of its blow-up rate, is carried out.

  • A. Fiscella, R. Servadei, E. Valdinoci, Asymptotically linear problems driven by fractional Laplacian operators, Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences, 38 (2015), pp. 3551--3563.
    Abstract
    In this paper we study a non-local fractional Laplace equation, depending on a parameter, with asymptotically linear right-hand side. Our main result concerns the existence of weak solutions for this equation and it is obtained using variational and topological methods. We treat both the nonresonant case and the resonant one.

  • D.A. Gomes, S. Patrizi, Obstacle mean-field game problem, Interfaces and Free Boundaries. Mathematical Modelling, Analysis and Computation, 17 (2015), pp. 55--68.
    Abstract
    In this paper, we introduce and study a first-order mean-field game obstacle problem. We examine the case of local dependence on the measure under assumptions that include both the logarithmic case and power-like nonlinearities. Since the obstacle operator is not differentiable, the equations for first-order mean field game problems have to be discussed carefully. Hence, we begin by considering a penalized problem. We prove this problem admits a unique solution satisfying uniform bounds. These bounds serve to pass to the limit in the penalized problem and to characterize the limiting equations. Finally, we prove uniqueness of solutions.

  • R. Huth, S. Jachalski, G. Kitavtsev, D. Peschka, Gradient flow perspective on thin-film bilayer flows, Journal of Engineering Mathematics, 94 (2015), pp. 43--61.
    Abstract
    We study gradient flow formulations of thin-film bilayer flows with triple-junctions between liquid/liquid/air. First we highlight the gradient structure in the Stokes free-boundary flow and identify its solutions with the well known PDE with boundary conditions. Next we propose a similar gradient formulation for the corresponding thin-film model and formally identify solutions with those of the corresponding free-boundary problem. A robust numerical algorithm for the thin-film gradient flow structure is then provided. Using this algorithm we compare the sharp triple-junction model with precursor models. For their stationary solutions a rigorous connection is established using Gamma-convergence. For time-dependent solutions the comparison of numerical solutions shows a good agreement for small and moderate times. Finally we study spreading in the zero-contact angle case, where we compare numerical solutions with asymptotically exact source-type solutions.

  • F. Punzo, E. Valdinoci, Uniqueness in weighted Lebesgue spaces for a class of fractional parabolic and elliptic equations, Journal of Differential Equations, 258 (2015), pp. 555--587.

  • T. Roubíček, M. Thomas, Ch. Panagiotopoulos, Stress-driven local-solution approach to quasistatic brittle delamination, Nonlinear Analysis. Real World Applications. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 22 (2015), pp. 645--663.
    Abstract
    A unilateral contact problem between elastic bodies at small strains glued by a brittle adhesive is addressed in the quasistatic rate-independent setting. The delamination process is modelled as governed by stresses rather than by energies. This results in a specific scaling of an approximating elastic adhesive contact problem, discretised by a semi-implicit scheme and regularized by a BV-type gradient term. An analytical zero-dimensional example motivates the model and a specific local-solution concept. Two-dimensional numerical simulations performed on an engineering benchmark problem of debonding a fiber in an elastic matrix further illustrate the validity of the model, convergence, and algorithmical efficiency even for very rigid adhesives with high elastic moduli.

  • M. Thomas, Uniform Poincaré--Sobolev and relative isoperimetric inequalities for classes of domains, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 35 (2015), pp. 2741--2761.
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to prove an isoperimetric inequality relative to a d-dimensional, bounded, convex domain &Omega intersected with balls with a uniform relative isoperimetric constant, independent of the size of the radius r>0 and the position y∈cl(&Omega) of the center of the ball. For this, uniform Sobolev, Poincaré and Poincaré-Sobolev inequalities are deduced for classes of (not necessarily convex) domains that satisfy a uniform cone property. It is shown that the constants in all of these inequalities solely depend on the dimensions of the cone, space dimension d, the diameter of the domain and the integrability exponent p∈[1,d).

  • H. Hanke, D. Knees, Homogenization of elliptic systems with non-periodic, state dependent coefficients, Asymptotic Analysis, 92 (2015), pp. 203--234.
    Abstract
    In this paper, a homogenization problem for an elliptic system with non-periodic, state dependent coefficients representing microstructure is investigated. The state functions defining the tensor of coefficients are assumed to have an intrinsic length scale denoted by ε > 0. The aim is the derivation of an effective model by investigating the limit process ε → 0 of the state functions rigorously. The effective model is independent of the parameter ε > 0 but preserves the microscopic structure of the state functions (ε > 0), meaning that the effective tensor is given by a unit cell problem prescribed by a suitable microscopic tensor. Due to the non-periodic structure of the state functions and the corresponding microstructure, the effective tensor turns out to vary from point to point (in contrast to a periodic microscopic model). In a forthcoming paper, these states will be solutions of an additional evolution law describing changes of the microstructure. Such changes could be the consequences of temperature changes, phase separation or damage progression, for instance. Here, in addition to the above and as a preparation for an application to time-dependent damage models (discussed in a future paper), we provide a Γ-convergence result of sequences of functionals being related to the previous microscopic models with state dependent coefficients. This requires a penalization term for piecewise constant state functions that allows us to extract from bounded sequences those sequences converging to a Sobolev function in some sense. The construction of the penalization term is inspired by techniques for Discontinuous Galerkin methods and is of own interest. A compactness and a density result are provided.

  • CH. Heinemann, Ch. Kraus, A degenerating Cahn--Hilliard system coupled with complete damage processes, Nonlinear Analysis. Real World Applications. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 22 (2015), pp. 388--403.
    Abstract
    Complete damage in elastic solids appears when the material looses all its integrity due to high exposure. In the case of alloys, the situation is quite involved since spinodal decomposition and coarsening also occur at sufficiently low temperatures which may lead locally to high stress peaks. Experimental observations on solder alloys reveal void and crack growth especially at phase boundaries. In this work, we investigate analytically a degenerating PDE system with a time-depending domain for phase separation and complete damage processes under time-varying Dirichlet boundary conditions. The evolution of the system is described by a degenerating parabolic differential equation of fourth order for the concentration, a doubly nonlinear differential inclusion for the damage process and a degenerating quasi-static balance equation for the displacement field. All these equations are strongly nonlinearly coupled. Because of the doubly degenerating character and the doubly nonlinear differential inclusion we are confronted with introducing a suitable notion of weak solutions. We choose a notion of weak solutions which consists of weak formulations of the diffusion equation and the momentum balance, a one-sided variational inequality for the damage function and an energy estimate. For the introduced degenerating system, we prove existence of weak solutions in an $SBV$-framework. The existence result is based on an approximation system, where the elliptic degeneracy of the displacement field and the parabolic degeneracy of the concentration are eliminated. In the framework of phase separation and damage, this means that the approximation system allows only for partial damage and a non-degenerating mobility tensor. For the approximation system, existence results are established. Then, a passage to the limit shows existence of weak solutions of the degenerating system.

  • CH. Heinemann, Ch. Kraus, Complete damage in linear elastic materials -- Modeling, weak formulation and existence results, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 54 (2015), pp. 217--250.
    Abstract
    We introduce a complete damage model with a time-depending domain for linear-elastically stressed solids under time-varying Dirichlet boundary conditions. The evolution of the system is described by a doubly nonlinear differential inclusion for the damage process and a quasi-static balance equation for the displacement field. For the introduced complete damage model, we propose a classical formulation and a corresponding suitable weak formulation in an $SBV$-framework. We show that the classical differential inclusion can be regained from the notion of weak solutions under certain regularity assumptions. The main aim of this work is to prove local-in-time existence and global-in-time existence in some weaker sense for the introduced model. In contrast to incomplete damage theories, the material can be exposed to damage in the proposed model in such a way that the elastic behavior may break down on the damaged parts of the material, i.e. we loose coercivity properties of the free energy. This leads to several mathematical difficulties. For instance, it might occur that not completely damaged material regions are isolated from the Dirichlet boundary. In this case, the deformation field cannot be controlled in the transition from incomplete to complete damage. To tackle this problem, we consider the evolution process on a time-depending domain. In this context, two major challenges arise: Firstly, the time-dependent domain approach leads to jumps in the energy which have to be accounted for in the energy inequality of the notion of weak solutions. To handle this problem, several energy estimates are established by $Gamma$-convergence techniques. Secondly, the time-depending domain might have bad smoothness properties such that Korn's inequality cannot be applied. To this end, a covering result for such sets with smooth compactly embedded domains has been shown.

  • CH. Heinemann, Ch. Kraus, Existence of weak solutions for a PDE system describing phase separation and damage processes including inertial effects, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 35 (2015), pp. 2565--2590.
    Abstract
    In this paper, we consider a coupled PDE system describing phase separation and damage phenomena in elastically stressed alloys in the presence of inertial effects. The material is considered on a bounded Lipschitz domain with mixed boundary conditions for the displacement variable. The main aim of this work is to establish existence of weak solutions for the introduced hyperbolic-parabolic system. To this end, we first generalize the notion of weak solution introduced in WIAS 1520. Then we prove existence of weak solutions by means of regularization, time-discretization and different variational techniques.

  • CH. Heinemann, Ch. Kraus, Existence of weak solutions for a hyperbolic-parabolic phase field system with mixed boundary conditions on non-smooth domains, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 47 (2015), pp. 2044--2073.
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to prove existence of weak solutions of hyperbolic-parabolic evolution inclusions defined on Lipschitz domains with mixed boundary conditions describing, for instance, damage processes and elasticity with inertial effects. To this end, we first present a suitable weak formulation in order to deal with such evolution inclusions. Then, existence of weak solutions is proven by utilizing time-discretization, $H^2$--regularization and variational techniques.

  • CH. Heinemann, E. Rocca, Damage processes in thermoviscoelastic materials with damage-dependent thermal expansion coefficients, Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences, 38 (2015), pp. 4587--4612.
    Abstract
    In this paper we prove existence of global in time weak solutions for a highly nonlinear PDE system arising in the context of damage phenomena in thermoviscoelastic materials. The main novelty of the present contribution with respect to the ones already present in the literature consists in the possibility of taking into account a damage-dependent thermal expansion coefficient. This term implies the presence of nonlinear couplings in the PDE system, which make the analysis more challenging.

  • A. Mielke, Deriving amplitude equations via evolutionary Gamma convergence, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 35 (2015), pp. 2679--2700.
    Abstract
    We discuss the justification of the Ginzburg-Landau equation with real coefficients as an amplitude equation for the weakly unstable one-dimensional Swift-Hohenberg equation. In contrast to classical justification approaches we employ the method of evolutionary Gamma convergence by reformulating both equations as gradient systems. Using a suitable linear transformation we show Gamma convergence of the associated energies in suitable function spaces. The limit passage of the time-dependent problem relies on the recent theory of evolutionary variational inequalities for families of uniformly convex functionals as developed by Daneri and Savaré 2010. In the case of a cubic energy it suffices that the initial conditions converge strongly in L2, while for the case of a quadratic nonlinearity we need to impose weak convergence in H1. However, we do not need wellpreparedness of the initial conditions.

  • H. Stephan, Multiplikative Dualität in der Dreiecksgeometrie, Die Wurzel, Zeitschrift für Mathematik, 49 (2015), pp. 105--110.

  • H. Stephan, Reverse inequalities for slowly increasing sequences and functions, Octogon Mathematical Magazine, 22 (2015), pp. 621--633.
    Abstract
    We consider sharp inequalities involving slowly increasing sequences and functions, i.e., functions $f(t)$ with $f'(t) leq 1$ and sequences $(a_i)$ with $a_i+1-a_i leq 1$. The inequalities are reverse to mean inequalities, for example. In the continuous case, integrals of powers are estimated by powers of integrals, whereas in the discrete case powers of sums are estimated by sums of powers of sums. The problem is connected with interpolation theory in Banach spaces, one of them $W^1,infty$.

  • H. Stephan, Zahlentheorie und Geometrie, Mitteilungen der Mathematischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, 35 (2015), pp. 18--44.

  • C. Kreisbeck, L. Mascarenhas, Asymptotic spectral analysis in semiconductor nanowire heterostructures, Applicable Analysis. An International Journal, (published online on June 2, 2014), DOI 10.1080/00036811.2014.919052 .

  • E. Rocca, R. Rossi, A degenerating PDE system for phase transitions and damage, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 24 (2014), pp. 1265--1341.

  • S. Heinz, On the structure of the quasiconvex hull in planar elasticity, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 50 (2014), pp. 481--489.
    Abstract
    Let K and L be compact sets of real 2x2 matrices with positive determinant. Suppose that both sets are frame invariant, meaning invariant under the left action of the special orthogonal group. Then we give an algebraic characterization for K and L to be incompatible for homogeneous gradient Young measures. This result permits a simplified characterization of the quasiconvex hull and the rank-one convex hull in planar elasticity.

  • B. Barrios, I. Peral, F. Soria, E. Valdinoci, A Widder's type theorem for the heat equation with nonlocal diffusion, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, 213 (2014), pp. 629--650.

  • A. Cesaroni, M. Novaga, E. Valdinoci, A symmetry result for the Ornstein--Uhlenbeck operator, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 34 (2014), pp. 2451--2467.

  • R. Servadei, E. Valdinoci, On the spectrum of two different fractional operators, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Section A. Mathematics, 144 (2014), pp. 831--855.

  • N. Abatangelo, E. Valdinoci, A notion of nonlocal curvature, Numerical Functional Analysis and Optimization. An International Journal, 35 (2014), pp. 793--815.

  • M. Cozzi, A. Farina, E. Valdinoci, Gradient bounds and rigidity results for singular, degenerate, anisotropic partial differential equations, Communications in Mathematical Physics, 331 (2014), pp. 189--214.

  • M.M. Fall, E. Valdinoci, Uniqueness and nondegeneracy of positive solutions of (-Delta) su+u=up in RN when s is close to 1, Communications in Mathematical Physics, 329 (2014), pp. 383--404.

  • A. Farina, E. Valdinoci, Gradient bounds for anisotropic partial differential equations, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 49 (2014), pp. 923--936.

  • A. Fiscella, E. Valdinoci, A critical Kirchhoff type problem involving a nonlocal operator, Nonlinear Analysis. Theory, Methods & Applications. An International Multidisciplinary Journal. Series A: Theory and Methods, 94 (2014), pp. 156--170.

  • A. Gloria, S. Neukamm, F. Otto, An optimal quantitative two-scale expansion in stochastic homogenization of discrete elliptic equations, ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis, 48 (2014), pp. 325--346.
    Abstract
    We establish an optimal, linear rate of convergence for the stochastic homogenization of discrete linear elliptic equations. We consider the model problem of independent and identically distributed coefficients on a discretized unit torus. We show that the difference between the solution to the random problem on the discretized torus and the first two terms of the two-scale asymptotic expansion has the same scaling as in the periodic case. In particular the L2-norm in probability of the H1-norm in space of this error scales like ε, where ε is the discretization parameter of the unit torus. The proof makes extensive use of previous results by the authors, and of recent annealed estimates on the Greens function by Marahrens and the third author.

  • P. Hornung, S. Neukamm, I. Velcic, Derivation of a homogenized nonlinear plate theory from 3D elasticity, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 51 (2014), pp. 677--699.

  • A. Miranville, E. Rocca, G. Schimperna, A. Segatti, The Penrose--Fife phase-field model with coupled dynamic boundary conditions, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 34 (2014), pp. 4259--4290.

  • O. Savin, E. Valdinoci, Density estimates for a variational model driven by the Gagliardo norm, Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées, 101 (2014), pp. 1--26.

  • D.A. Gomes, S. Patrizi, V. Voskanyan, On the existence of classical solutions for stationary extended mean field games, Nonlinear Analysis. Theory, Methods & Applications. An International Multidisciplinary Journal. Series A: Theory and Methods, 99 (2014), pp. 49--79.

  • A. Mielke, Ch. Ortner, Y. Şengül, An approach to nonlinear viscoelasticity via metric gradient flows, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 46 (2014), pp. 1317--1347.
    Abstract
    We formulate quasistatic nonlinear finite-strain viscoelasticity of rate-type as a gradient system. Our focus is on nonlinear dissipation functionals and distances that are related to metrics on weak diffeomorphisms and that ensure time-dependent frame-indifference of the viscoelastic stress. In the multidimensional case we discuss which dissipation distances allow for the solution of the time-incremental problem. Because of the missing compactness the limit of vanishing timesteps can only be obtained by proving some kind of strong convergence. We show that this is possible in the one-dimensional case by using a suitably generalized convexity in the sense of geodesic convexity of gradient flows. For a general class of distances we derive discrete evolutionary variational inequalities and are able to pass to the time-continuous in some case in a specific case.

  • A. Mielke, M.A. Peletier, D.R.M. Renger, On the relation between gradient flows and the large-deviation principle, with applications to Markov chains and diffusion, Potential Analysis, 41 (2014), pp. 1293--1325.
    Abstract
    Motivated by the occurence in rate functions of time-dependent large-deviation principles, we study a class of non-negative functions ℒ that induce a flow, given by ℒ(zt,żt)=0. We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for the unique existence of a generalized gradient structure for the induced flow, as well as explicit formulas for the corresponding driving entropy and dissipation functional. In particular, we show how these conditions can be given a probabilistic interpretation when ℒ is associated to the large deviations of a microscopic particle system. Finally, we illustrate the theory for independent Brownian particles with drift, which leads to the entropy-Wasserstein gradient structure, and for independent Markovian particles on a finite state space, which leads to a previously unknown gradient structure.

  • S. Neukamm, H. Olbermann, Homogenization of the nonlinear bending theory for plates, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, (published online on Sept. 14, 2014), DOI 10.1007/s00526-014-0765-2 .
    Abstract
    We carry out the spatially periodic homogenization of nonlinear bending theory for plates. The derivation is rigorous in the sense of Gamma-convergence. In contrast to what one naturally would expect, our result shows that the limiting functional is not simply a quadratic functional of the second fundamental form of the deformed plate as it is the case in nonlinear plate theory. It turns out that the limiting functional discriminates between whether the deformed plate is locally shaped like a "cylinder" or not. For the derivation we investigate the oscillatory behavior of sequences of second fundamental forms associated with isometric immersions, using two-scale convergence. This is a non-trivial task, since one has to treat two-scale convergence in connection with a nonlinear differential constraint.

  • H. Stephan, Verallgemeinerungen der Jensenschen Ungleichung, Die Wurzel, Zeitschrift für Mathematik, 48 (2014), pp. 187--194.

  • CH. Heinemann, Ch. Kraus, Existence results for diffuse interface models describing phase separation and damage, European Journal of Applied Mathematics, 24 (2013), pp. 179--211.
    Abstract
    In this paper we analytically investigate Cahn-Hilliard and Allen-Cahn systems which are coupled with elasticity and uni-directional damage processes. We are interested in the case where the free energy contains logarithmic terms of the chemical concentration variable and quadratic terms of the gradient of the damage variable. For elastic Cahn-Hilliard and Allen-Cahn systems coupled with uni-directional damage processes, an appropriate notion of weak solutions is presented as well as an existence result based on certain regularization methods and an higher integrability result for the strain.

  • M. Liero, U. Stefanelli, A new minimum principle for Lagrangian mechanics, Journal of Nonlinear Science, 23 (2013), pp. 179--204.
    Abstract
    We present a novel variational approach to Lagrangian mechanics based on elliptic regularization with respect to time. A class of parameter-dependent global-in-time minimization problems is presented and the convergence of the respective minimizers to the solution of the system of Lagrange's equations is ascertained. Moreover, we extend this perspective to mixed dissipative/nondissipative situations, present a finite time-horizon version of this approach, and provide related Gamma-convergence results. Finally, some discussion on corresponding time-discrete versions of the principle is presented.

  • M. Liero, U. Stefanelli, Weighted Inertia-Dissipation-Energy functionals for semilinear equations, Bollettino della Unione Matematica Italiana. Serie 9, VI (2013), pp. 1--27.

  • M. Liero, A. Mielke, Gradient structures and geodesic convexity for reaction-diffusion systems, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A : Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences, 371 (2013), pp. 20120346/1--20120346/28.
    Abstract
    We consider systems of reaction-diffusion equations as gradient systems with respect to an entropy functional and a dissipation metric given in terms of a so-called Onsager operator, which is a sum of a diffusion part of Wasserstein type and a reaction part. We provide methods for establishing geodesic lambda-convexity of the entropy functional by purely differential methods, thus circumventing arguments from mass transportation. Finally, several examples, including a drift-diffusion system, provide a survey on the applicability of the theory. We consider systems of reaction-diffusion equations as gradient systems with respect to an entropy functional and a dissipation metric given in terms of a so-called Onsager operator, which is a sum of a diffusion part of Wasserstein type and a reaction part. We provide methods for establishing geodesic lambda-convexity of the entropy functional by purely differential methods, thus circumventing arguments from mass transportation. Finally, several examples, including a drift-diffusion system, provide a survey on the applicability of the theory.

  • M. Liero, Passing from bulk to bulk/surface evolution in the Allen--Cahn equation, NoDEA. Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications, 20 (2013), pp. 919--942.
    Abstract
    In this paper we formulate a boundary layer approximation for an Allen-Cahn-type equation involving a small parameter $eps$. Here, $eps$ is related to the thickness of the boundary layer and we are interested in the limit when $eps$ tends to 0 in order to derive nontrivial boundary conditions. The evolution of the system is written as an energy balance formulation of the L^2-gradient flow with the corresponding Allen-Cahn energy functional. By transforming the boundary layer to a fixed domain we show the convergence of the solutions to a solution of a limit system. This is done by using concepts related to Gamma- and Mosco convergence. By considering different scalings in the boundary layer we obtain different boundary conditions.

  • S. Neukamm, I. Velcic, Derivation of a homogenized von-Kármán plate theory from 3D nonlinear elasticity, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 23 (2013), pp. 2701--2748.
    Abstract
    We rigorously derive a homogenized von-Kármán plate theory as a Gamma-limit from nonlinear three-dimensional elasticity by combining homogenization and dimension reduction. Our starting point is an energy functional that describes a nonlinear elastic, three-dimensional plate with spatially periodic material properties. The functional features two small length scales: the period $epsilon$ of the elastic composite material, and the thickness h of the slender plate. We study the behavior as $epsilon$ and h simultaneously converge to zero in the von-Kármán scaling regime. The obtained limit is a homogenized von-Kármán plate model. Its effective material properties are determined by a relaxation formula that exposes a non-trivial coupling of the behavior of the out-of-plane displacement with the oscillatory behavior in the in-plane directions. In particular, the homogenized coefficients depend on the relative scaling between h and $epsilon$, and different values arise for h<<$epsilon$, $epsilon$   h and $epsilon$ << h.

  • A. Fiaschi, D. Knees, S. Reichelt, Global higher integrability of minimizers of variational problems with mixed boundary conditions, Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 401 (2013), pp. 269--288.
    Abstract
    We consider integral functionals with densities of p-growth, with respect to gradients, on a Lipschitz domain with mixed boundary conditions. The aim of this paper is to prove that, under uniform estimates within certain classes of p-growth and coercivity assumptions on the density, the minimizers are of higher integrability order, meaning that they belong to the space of first order Sobolev functions with an integrability of order p+ε for a uniform ε >0. The results are applied to a model describing damage evolution in a nonlinear elastic body and to a model for shape memory alloys.

  • A. Bradji, J. Fuhrmann, Some abstract error estimates of a finite volume scheme for a nonstationary heat equation on general nonconforming multidimensional spatial meshes, Applications of Mathematics, 58 (2013), pp. 1--38.
    Abstract
    A general class of nonconforming meshes has been recently studied for stationary anisotropic heterogeneous diffusion problems by R. Eymard and coworkers. Thanks to these basic ideas developed for stationary problems, we derive a new discretization scheme in order to approximate the nonstationary heat problem. The unknowns of this scheme are the values at the centre of the control volumes, at some internal interfaces, and at the mesh points of the time discretization. Although the numerical scheme stems from the finite volume method, its formulation is based on the discrete version for the weak formulation defined for the heat problem. We derive error estimates for the solution in discrete norm, and an error estimate for an approximation of the gradient, in a general framework in which the discrete bilinear form is satisfying ellipticity. We prove in particular, that, when the discrete flux is calculated using a stabilized discrete gradient, the convergence order is h+k , where h (resp. k) is the mesh size of the spatial (resp. time) discretization. This estimate is valid under the regularity assumption that the exact solution is twice continuously differentiable in time and space. These error estimates are useful because they allow us to get error estimates for the approximations of the exact solution and its first derivatives.

  • M.H. Duong, V. Laschos, M. Renger, Wasserstein gradient flows from large deviations of many-particle limits, ESAIM. Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations, 19 (2013), pp. 1166--1188.

  • C.P. Niculescu, H. Stephan, Lagrange's barycentric identity from an analytic viewpoint, Bulletin Mathematique de la Societe des Sciences Mathematiques de Roumanie. Nouvelle Serie, 56 (104) (2013), pp. 487--496.
    Abstract
    We discuss a generalization of Lagrange's algebraic identity that provides valuable insights into the nature of Jensen's inequality and of many other inequalities of convexity.

  • M.A. Peletier, M. Renger, M. Veneroni, Variational formulation of the Fokker--Planck equation with decay: A particle approach, Communications in Contemporary Mathematics, 15 (2013), pp. 1350017/1--1350017/43.

  • A. Glitzky, A. Mielke, A gradient structure for systems coupling reaction-diffusion effects in bulk and interfaces, ZAMP Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Mathematik und Physik. ZAMP. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics. Journal de Mathematiques et de Physique Appliquees, 64 (2013), pp. 29--52.
    Abstract
    We derive gradient-flow formulations for systems describing drift-diffusion processes of a finite number of species which undergo mass-action type reversible reactions. Our investigations cover heterostructures, where material parameter may depend in a nonsmooth way on the space variable. The main results concern a gradient flow formulation for electro-reaction-diffusion systems with active interfaces permitting drift-diffusion processes and reactions of species living on the interface and transfer mechanisms allowing bulk species to jump into an interface or to pass through interfaces. The gradient flows are formulated in terms of two functionals: the free energy and the dissipation potential. Both functionals consist of a bulk and an interface integral. The interface integrals determine the interface dynamics as well as the self-consistent coupling to the model in the bulk. The advantage of the gradient structure is that it automatically generates thermodynamically consistent models.

  • D. Knees, R. Rossi, Ch. Zanini, A vanishing viscosity approach to a rate-independent damage model, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 23 (2013), pp. 565--616.
    Abstract
    We analyze a rate-independent model for damage evolution in elastic bodies. The central quantities are a stored energy functional and a dissipation functional, which is assumed to be positively homogeneous of degree one. Since the energy is not simultaneously (strictly) convex in the damage variable and the displacements, solutions may have jumps as a function of time. The latter circumstance makes it necessary to recur to suitable notions of weak solution. However, the by-now classical concept of global energetic solution fails to describe accurately the behavior of the system at jumps. Hence, we consider rate-independent damage models as limits of systems driven by viscous, rate-dependent dissipation. We use a technique for taking the vanishing viscosity limit, which is based on arc-length reparameterization. In this way, in the limit we obtain a novel formulation for the rate-independent damage model, which highlights the interplay of viscous and rate-independent effects in the jump regime, and provides a better description of the energetic behavior of the system at jumps.

  • M. Thomas, Quasistatic damage evolution with spatial BV-regularization, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems -- Series S, 6 (2013), pp. 235--255.
    Abstract
    An existence result for energetic solutions of rate-independent damage processes is established. We consider a body consisting of a physically linearly elastic material undergoing infinitesimally small deformations and partial damage. In [ThomasMielke10DamageZAMM] an existence result in the small strain setting was obtained under the assumption that the damage variable z satisfies z∈ W1,r(Ω) with r∈(1,∞) for Ω⊂Rd. We now cover the case r=1. The lack of compactness in W1,1(Ω) requires to do the analysis in BV(Ω). This setting allows it to consider damage variables with values in 0,1. We show that such a brittle damage model is obtained as the Γ-limit of functionals of Modica-Mortola type.

  • P.N. Racec, S. Schade, H.-Chr. Kaiser, Eigensolutions of the Wigner--Eisenbud problem for a cylindrical nanowire within finite volume method, Journal of Computational Physics, 252 (2013), pp. 52--64.
    Abstract
    We present a finite volume method for computing a representative range of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the Schrödinger operator on a three dimensional cylindrically symmetric bounded domain with mixed boundary conditions. More specifically, we deal with a semiconductor nanowire which consists of a dominant host material and contains heterostructure features such as double-barriers or quantum dots. The three dimensional Schrödinger operator is reduced to a family of two dimensional Schrödinger operators distinguished by a centrifugal potential. Ultimately, we numerically treat them by means of a finite volume method. We consider a uniform, boundary conforming Delaunay mesh, which additionally conforms to the material interfaces. The 1/r singularity is eliminated by approximating r at the vertexes of the Voronoi boxes. We study how the anisotropy of the effective mass tensor acts on the uniform approximation of the first K eigenvalues and eigenvectors and their sequential arrangement. There exists an optimal uniform Delaunay discretization with matching anisotropy. This anisotropic discretization yields best accuracy also in the presence of a mildly varying scattering potential, shown exemplarily for a nanowire resonant tunneling diode. For potentials with 1/r singularity one retrieves the theoretically established first order convergence, while the second order convergence is recovered only on uniform grids with an anisotropy correction.

  • H. Stephan, Multiplicative duality in triangles, Recreatii Matematice, 15 (2013), pp. 18--21.

  • K. Hackl, S. Heinz, A. Mielke, A model for the evolution of laminates in finite-strain elastoplasticity, ZAMM. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, 92 (2012), pp. 888--909.
    Abstract
    We study the time evolution in elastoplasticity within the rate-independent framework of generalized standard materials. Our particular interest is the formation and the evolution of microstructure. Providing models where existence proofs are possible is a challenging task since the presence of microstructure comes along with a lack of convexity and, hence, compactness arguments cannot be applied to prove the existence of solutions. In order to overcome this problem, we will incorporate information on the microstructure into the internal variable, which is still compatible with generalized standard materials. More precisely, we shall allow for such microstructure that is given by simple or sequential laminates. We will consider a model for the evolution of these laminates and we will prove a theorem on the existence of solutions to any finite sequence of time-incremental minimization problems. In order to illustrate the mechanical consequences of the theory developed some numerical results, especially dealing with the rotation of laminates, are presented.

  • D. Knees, A. Schröder, Global spatial regularity for elasticity models with cracks, contact and other nonsmooth constraints, Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences, 35 (2012), pp. 1859--1884.
    Abstract
    A global higher differentiability result in Besov spaces is proved for the displacement fields of linear elastic models with self contact. Domains with cracks are studied, where nonpenetration conditions/Signorini conditions are imposed on the crack faces. It is shown that in a neighborhood of crack tips (in 2D) or crack fronts (3D) the displacement fields are B 3/2 2,∞ regular. The proof relies on a difference quotient argument for the directions tangential to the crack. In order to obtain the regularity estimates also in the normal direction, an argument due to Ebmeyer/Frehse/Kassmann is modified. The methods are then applied to further examples like contact problems with nonsmooth rigid foundations, to a model with Tresca friction and to minimization problems with nonsmooth energies and constraints as they occur for instance in the modeling of shape memory alloys. Based on Falk's approximation Theorem for variational inequalities, convergence rates for FE-discretizations of contact problems are derived relying on the proven regularity properties. Several numerical examples illustrate the theoretical results.

  • A. Mielke, T. Roubíček, M. Thomas, From damage to delamination in nonlinearly elastic materials at small strains, Journal of Elasticity. The Physical and Mathematical Science of Solids, 109 (2012), pp. 235--273.
    Abstract
    Brittle Griffith-type delamination of compounds is deduced by means of Gamma-convergence from partial, isotropic damage of three-specimen-sandwich-structures by flattening the middle component to the thickness 0. The models used here allow for nonlinearly elastic materials at small strains and consider the processes to be unidirectional and rate-independent. The limit passage is performed via a double limit: first, we gain a delamination model involving the gradient of the delamination variable, which is essential to overcome the lack of a uniform coercivity arising from the passage from partial damage to delamination. Second, the delamination-gradient is supressed. Noninterpenetration- and transmission-conditions along the interface are obtained.

  • CH. Heinemann, Ch. Kraus, Existence of weak solutions for Cahn--Hilliard systems coupled with elasticity and damage, Advances in Mathematical Sciences and Applications, 21 (2011), pp. 321--359.
    Abstract
    The Cahn-Hilliard model is a typical phase field approach for describing phase separation and coarsening phenomena in alloys. This model has been generalized to the so-called Cahn-Larché system by combining it with elasticity to capture non-neglecting deformation phenomena, which occurs during phase separation in the material. Evolving microstructures such as phase separation and coarsening processes have a strong influence on damage initiation and propagation in alloys. We develop the existing framework of Cahn-Hilliard and Cahn-Larché systems by coupling these systems with a unidirectional evolution inclusion for an internal variable, describing damage processes. After establishing a weak notion of the corresponding evolutionary system, we prove existence of weak solutions for rate-dependent damage processes under certain growth conditions of the energy functional.

  • K. Hermsdörfer, Ch. Kraus, D. Kröner, Interface conditions for limits of the Navier--Stokes--Korteweg model, Interfaces and Free Boundaries. Mathematical Modelling, Analysis and Computation, 13 (2011), pp. 239--254.
    Abstract
    In this contribution we will study the behaviour of the pressure across phase boundaries in liquid-vapour flows. As mathematical model we will consider the static version of the Navier-Stokes-Korteweg model which belongs to the class of diffuse interface models. From this static equation a formula for the pressure jump across the phase interface can be derived. If we perform then the sharp interface limit we see that the resulting interface condition for the pressure seems to be inconsistent with classical results of hydrodynamics. Therefore we will present two approaches to recover the results of hydrodynamics in the sharp interface limit at least for special situations.

  • CH. Kraus, The degenerate and non-degenerate Stefan problem with inhomogeneous and anisotropic Gibbs--Thomson law, European Journal of Applied Mathematics, 22 (2011), pp. 393--422.
    Abstract
    The Stefan problem is coupled with a spatially inhomogeneous and anisotropic Gibbs-Thomson condition at the phase boundary. We show the long-time existence of weak solutions for the non-degenerate Stefan problem with a spatially inhomogeneous and anisotropic Gibbs-Thomson law and a conditional existence result for the corresponding degenerate Stefan problem. To this end approximate solutions are constructed by means of variational functionals with spatially inhomogeneous and anisotropic interfacial energy. By passing to the limit, we establish solutions of the Stefan problem with a spatially inhomogeneous and anisotropic Gibbs-Thomson law in a weak generalized BV-formulation.

  • A. Mielke, U. Stefanelli, Weighted energy-dissipation functionals for gradient flows, ESAIM. Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations, 17 (2011), pp. 52--85.
    Abstract
    We investigate a global-in-time variational approach to abstract evolution by means of the weighted energy-dissipation functionals proposed by Mielke & Ortiz in “A class of minimum principles for characterizing the trajectories of dissipative systems”. In particular, we focus on gradient flows in Hilbert spaces. The main result is the convergence of minimizers and approximate minimizers of these functionals to the unique solution of the gradient flow. Sharp convergence rates are provided and the convergence analysis is combined with time-discretization. Applications of the theory to various classes of parabolic PDE problems are presented. In particular, we focus on two examples of microstructure evolution from S. Conti and M. Ortiz “Minimum principles for the trajectories of systems governed by rate problems”.

  • A. Mielke, A gradient structure for reaction-diffusion systems and for energy-drift-diffusion systems, Nonlinearity, 24 (2011), pp. 1329--1346.
    Abstract
    In recent years the theory of Wasserstein distances has opened up a new treatment of the diffusion equations as gradient systems, where the entropy takes the role of the driving functional and where the space is equipped with the Wasserstein metric. We show that this structure can be generalized to closed reaction-diffusion systems, where the free energy (or the entropy) is the driving functional and further conserved quantities may exists, like the total number of chemical species. The metric is constructed by using the dual dissipation potential, which is a convex function of the chemical potentials. In particular, it is possible to treat diffusion and reaction terms simultaneously. The same ideas extend to semiconductor equations involving the electron and hole densities, the electrostatic potential, and the temperature.

  • H. Garcke, Ch. Kraus, An anisotropic, inhomogeneous, elastically modified Gibbs--Thomson law as singular limit of a diffuse interface model, Advances in Mathematical Sciences and Applications, 20 (2010), pp. 511--545.
    Abstract
    We consider the sharp interface limit of a diffuse phase field model with prescribed total mass taking into account a spatially inhomogeneous anisotropic interfacial energy and an elastic energy. The main aim is the derivation of a weak formulation of an anisotropic, inhomogeneous, elastically modified Gibbs-Thomson law in the sharp interface limit. To this end we show that one can pass to the limit in the weak formulation of the Euler-Lagrange equation of the diffuse phase field energy.

  • R. Haller-Dintelmann, J. Rehberg, Coercivity for elliptic operators and positivity of solutions on Lipschitz domains, Archiv der Mathematik, 95 (2010), pp. 457--468.
    Abstract
    We show that usual second order operators in divergence form satisfy coercivity on Lipschitz domains if they are either complemented with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions on a set of non-zero boundary measure or if a suitable Robin boundary condition is posed. Moreover, we prove the positivity of solutions in a general, abstract setting, provided that the right hand side is a positive functional. Finally, positive elements from $W^-1,2$ are identified as positive measures.

  • W. Dreyer, Ch. Kraus, On the van der Waals--Cahn--Hilliard phase-field model and its equilibria conditions in the sharp interface limit, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Section A. Mathematics, 140 A (2010), pp. 1161--1186.
    Abstract
    We study the equilibria of liquid--vapor phase transitions of a single substance at constant temperature and relate the sharp interface model of classical thermodynamics to a phase field model that determines the equilibria by the stationary van der Waals--Cahn--Hilliard theory.
    For two reasons we reconsider this old problem. 1. Equilibria in a two phase system can be established either under fixed total volume of the system or under fixed external pressure. The latter case implies that the domain of the two--phase system varies. However, in the mathematical literature rigorous sharp interface limits of phase transitions are usually considered under fixed volume. This brings the necessity to extend the existing tools for rigorous sharp interface limits to changing domains since in nature most processes involving phase transitions run at constant pressure. 2. Thermodynamics provides for a single substance two jump conditions at the sharp interface, viz. the continuity of the specific Gibbs free energies of the adjacent phases and the discontinuity of the corresponding pressures, which is balanced by the mean curvature. The existing estimates for rigorous sharp interface limits show only the first condition. We identify the cause of this phenomenon and develop a strategy that yields both conditions up to the first order.
    The necessary information on the equilibrium conditions are achieved by an asymptotic expansion of the density which is valid for an arbitrary double well potential. We establish this expansion by means of local energy estimates, uniform convergence results of the density and estimates on the Laplacian of the density.

  • D. Knees, Ch. Zanini, A. Mielke, Crack growth in polyconvex materials, Physica D. Nonlinear Phenomena, 239 (2010), pp. 1470--1484.
    Abstract
    We discuss a model for crack propagation in an elastic body, where the crack path is described a-priori. In particular, we develop in the framework of finite-strain elasticity a rate-independent model for crack evolution which is based on the Griffith fracture criterion. Due to the nonuniqueness of minimizing deformations, the energy-release rate is no longer continuous with respect to time and the position of the crack tip. Thus, the model is formulated in terms of the Clarke differential of the energy, generalizing the classical crack evolution models for elasticity with strictly convex energies. We prove the existence of solutions for our model and also the existence of special solutions, where only certain extremal points of the Clarke differential are allowed.

  • D. Knees, On global spatial regularity and convergence rates for time dependent elasto-plasticity, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 20 (2010), pp. 1823--1858.

  • D. Knees, On global spatial regularity in elasto-plasticity with linear hardening, Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 36 (2009), pp. 611--625.
    Abstract
    We study the global spatial regularity of solutions of elasto-plastic models with linear hardening. In order to point out the main idea, we consider a model problem on a cube, where we describe Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions on the top and the bottom, respectively, and periodic boundary conditions on the remaining faces. Under natural smoothness assumptions on the data we obtain u in L((0,T);H3/2-δ(Ω)) for the displacements and z in L((0,T);H1/2-δ(Ω)) for the internal variables. The proof is based on a difference quotient technique and a reflection argument.

  • S. Heinz, Quasiconvex functions can be approximated by quasiconvex polynomials, ESAIM. Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations, 14 (2008), pp. 795--801.

  • F. Auricchio, A. Mielke, U. Stefanelli, A rate-independent model for the isothermal quasi-static evolution of shape-memory materials, Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences, 18 (2008), pp. 125--164.
    Abstract
    This note addresses a three-dimensional model for isothermal stress-induced transformation in shape-memory polycrystalline materials. We treat the problem within the framework of the energetic formulation of rate-independent processes and investigate existence and continuous dependence issues at both the constitutive relation and quasi-static evolution level. Moreover, we focus on time and space approximation as well as on regularization and parameter asymptotics.

  • D. Knees, A. Mielke, Energy release rate for cracks in finite-strain elasticity, Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences, 31 (2008), pp. 501--528.
    Abstract
    Griffith's fracture criterion describes in a quasistatic setting whether or not a pre-existing crack in an elastic body is stationary for given external forces. In terms of the energy release rate (ERR), which is the derivative of the deformation energy of the body with respect to a virtual crack extension, this criterion reads: If the ERR is less than a specific constant, then the crack is stationary, otherwise it will grow. In this paper, we consider geometrically nonlinear elastic models with polyconvex energy densities and prove that the ERR is well defined. Moreover, without making any assumption on the smoothness of minimizers, we derive rigorously the well-known Griffith formula and the $J$-integral, from which the ERR can be calculated. The proofs are based on a weak convergence result for Eshelby tensors.

  • D. Knees, A. Mielke, Ch. Zanini, On the inviscid limit of a model for crack propagation, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 18 (2008), pp. 1529--1569.
    Abstract
    We study the evolution of a single crack in an elastic body and assume that the crack path is known in advance. The motion of the crack tip is modeled as a rate-independent process on the basis of Griffith's local energy release rate criterion. According to this criterion, the system may stay in a local minimum before it performs a jump. The goal of this paper is to prove existence of such an evolution and to shed light on the discrepancy between the local energy release rate criterion and models which are based on a global stability criterion (as for example the Francfort/Marigo model). We construct solutions to the local model via the vanishing viscosity method and compare different notions of weak, local and global solutions.

  • D. Knees, A. Mielke, On the energy release rate in finite-strain elasticity, Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures, 15 (2008), pp. 421--427.

  • D. Knees, Global stress regularity of convex and some nonconvex variational problems, Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata. Serie Quarta. Fondazione Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata, c/o Dipartimento di Matematica Ü. Dini", Firenze; Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. English, French, German, Italian, English abstracts., 187 (2008), pp. 157--184.

  • A. Mielke, M. Ortiz, A class of minimum principles for characterizing the trajectories and the relaxation of dissipative systems, ESAIM. Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations, 14 (2008), pp. 494--516.

  • A. Mielke, U. Stefanelli, A discrete variational principle for rate-independent evolution, Advances in Calculus of Variations, 1 (2008), pp. 399--431.
    Abstract
    We develop a global-in-time variational approach to the time-discretization of rate-independent processes. In particular, we investigate a discrete version of the variational principle based on the weighted energy-dissipation functional introduced by A. Mielke and M. Ortiz in ESAIM Control Optim. Calc. Var., 2008. We prove the conditional convergence of time-discrete approximate minimizers to energetic solutions of the time-continuous problem. Moreover, the convergence result is combined with approximation and relaxation. For a fixed partition the functional is shown to have an asymptotic development by Gamma convergence, cf. G. Anzellotti and S. Baldo (Appl. Math. Optim., 1993), in the limit of vanishing viscosity.

  • O. Minet, H. Gajewski, J.A. Griepentrog, J. Beuthan, The analysis of laser light scattering during rheumatoid arthritis by image segmentation, Laser Physics Letters, 4 (2007), pp. 604--610.

  • H. Gajewski, J.A. Griepentrog, A descent method for the free energy of multicomponent systems, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 15 (2006), pp. 505--528.

  • D. Knees, Griffith-formula and J-integral for a crack in a power-law hardening material, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 16 (2006), pp. 1723--1749.

  • A. Mielke, S. Müller, Lower semi-continuity and existence of minimizers in incremental finite-strain elastoplasticity, ZAMM. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, 3 (2006), pp. 233--250.

  • A. Mielke, Necessary and sufficient conditions for polyconvexity of isotropic functions, Journal of Convex Analysis, 12 (2005), pp. 291--314.

  Contributions to Collected Editions

  • G. Lazzaroni, R. Rossi, M. Thomas, R. Toader, Some remarks on a model for rate-independent damage in thermo-visco-elastodynamics, in: MURPHYS-HSFS-2014: 7th International Workshop on MUlti-Rate Processes and HYSteresis (MURPHYS) & 2nd International Workshop on Hysteresis and Slow-Fast Systems (HSFS), O. Klein, M. Dimian, P. Gurevich, D. Knees, D. Rachinskii, S. Tikhomirov, eds., 727 of Journal of Physics: Conference Series, IOP Publishing, 2016, pp. 012009/1--012009/20.
    Abstract
    This note deals with the analysis of a model for partial damage, where the rate-independent, unidirectional flow rule for the damage variable is coupled with the rate-dependent heat equation, and with the momentum balance featuring inertia and viscosity according to Kelvin-Voigt rheology. The results presented here combine the approach from [Roubíček M2AS'09, SIAM'10] with the methods from Lazzaroni/Rossi/Thomas/Toader [WIAS Preprint 2025]. The present analysis encompasses, differently from [Roubíček SIAM'10], the monotonicity in time of damage and the dependence of the viscous tensor on damage and temperature, and, unlike [WIAS Preprint 2025], a nonconstant heat capacity and a time-dependent Dirichlet loading.

  • A. Mielke, Relaxation of a rate-independent phase transformation model for the evolution of microstructure, in: Mechanics of Materials: Mechanics of Interfaces and Evolving Microstructure, Workshop, March 14--18, 2016, R. Kienzler, D.L. Mcdowell, S. Müller, E.A. Werner, eds., 13 of Oberwolfach Reports, European Mathematical Society, 2016, pp. 840---842.

  • A. Mielke, Multiscale gradient systems and their amplitude equations, in: Dynamics of Pattern, Workshop, Dezember 16--22, 2012, 9 of Oberwolfach Reports, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2012, pp. 3588--3591.

  • D. Knees, R. Rossi, C. Zanini, A vanishing viscosity approach in damage mechanics, in: Variational Methods for Evolution, Workshop, December 4--10, 2011, A. Mielke, F. Otto, G. Savaré, U. Stefanelli, eds., 8 of Oberwolfach Reports, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2011, pp. 3153--3155.

  • D. Knees, A survey on energy release rates, in: Mathematical Models, Analysis, and Numerical Methods for Dynamic Fracture, Miniworkshop, April 24--29, 2011, 8 of Oberwolfach Reports, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2011, pp. 1216--1219.

  • M. Thomas, Modeling and analysis of rate-independent damage and delamination processes, in: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer Methods in Mechanics (online only), 2011, pp. 1--6.

  • A. Mielke, Existence theory for finite-strain crystal plasticity with gradient regularization, in: IUTAM Symposium on Variational Concepts with Applications to the Mechanics of Materials, K. Hackl, ed., 21 of IUTAM Bookseries, Springer, Heidelberg, 2010, pp. 171--183.

  • H. Gajewski, J.A. Griepentrog, A. Mielke, J. Beuthan, U. Zabarylo, O. Minet, Image segmentation for the investigation of scattered-light images when laser-optically diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis, in: Mathematics -- Key Technology for the Future, W. Jäger, H.-J. Krebs, eds., Springer, Heidelberg, 2008, pp. 149--161.

  • D. Knees, Energy release rate for cracks in finite-strain elasticity, in: Analysis and Numerics of Rate-Independent Processes, Workshop, February 26 -- March 2, 2007, 4 of Oberwolfach Reports, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2007, pp. 627--630.

  Preprints, Reports, Technical Reports

  • M. Hintermüller, M. Holler, K. Papafitsoros, A function space framework for structural total variation regularization with applications in inverse problems, Preprint no. 2437, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2437 .
    Abstract, PDF (627 kByte)
    In this work, we introduce a function space setting for a wide class of structural/weighted total variation (TV) regularization methods motivated by their applications in inverse problems. In particular, we consider a regularizer that is the appropriate lower semi-continuous envelope (relaxation) of a suitable total variation type functional initially defined for sufficiently smooth functions. We study examples where this relaxation can be expressed explicitly, and we also provide refinements for weighted total variation for a wide range of weights. Since an integral characterization of the relaxation in function space is, in general, not always available, we show that, for a rather general linear inverse problems setting, instead of the classical Tikhonov regularization problem, one can equivalently solve a saddle-point problem where no a priori knowledge of an explicit formulation of the structural TV functional is needed. In particular, motivated by concrete applications, we deduce corresponding results for linear inverse problems with norm and Poisson log-likelihood data discrepancy terms. Finally, we provide proof-of-concept numerical examples where we solve the saddle-point problem for weighted TV denoising as well as for MR guided PET image reconstruction.

  • M. Liero, S. Melchionna, The weighted energy-dissipation principle and evolutionary Γ-convergence for doubly nonlinear problems, Preprint no. 2411, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2411 .
    Abstract, PDF (392 kByte)
    We consider a family of doubly nonlinear evolution equations that is given by families of convex dissipation potentials, nonconvex energy functionals, and external forces parametrized by a small parameter ε. For each of these problems, we introduce the so-called weighted energy-dissipation (WED) functional, whose minimizer correspond to solutions of an elliptic-in-time regularization of the target problems with regularization parameter δ. We investigate the relation between the Γ-convergence of the WED functionals and evolutionary Γ-convergence of the associated systems. More precisely, we deal with the limits δ→0, ε→0, as well as δ+ ε→0 either in the sense of Γ-convergence of functionals or in the sense of evolutionary Γ-convergence of functional-driven evolution problems, or both. Additionally, we provide some quantitative estimates on the rate of convergence for the limit ε→0, in the case of quadratic dissipation potentials and uniformly λ-convex energy functionals. Finally, we discuss a homogenization problem as an example of application.

  • M. Thomas, A comparison of delamination models: Modeling, properties, and applications, Preprint no. 2393, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2393 .
    Abstract, PDF (140 kByte)
    This contribution presents recent results in the modeling and the analysis of delamination problems. It addresses adhesive contact, brittle, and cohesive zone models both in a quasistatic and a viscous, dynamic setting for the bulk part. Also different evolution laws for the delaminating surface are discussed.

  • S. Bartels, M. Milicevic, M. Thomas, Numerical approach to a model for quasistatic damage with spatial $BV$-regularization, Preprint no. 2388, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2388 .
    Abstract, PDF (566 kByte)
    We address a model for rate-independent, partial, isotropic damage in quasistatic small strain linear elasticity, featuring a damage variable with spatial BV-regularization. Discrete solutions are obtained using an alternate time-discrete scheme and the Variable-ADMM algorithm to solve the constrained nonsmooth optimization problem that determines the damage variable at each time step. We prove convergence of the method and show that discrete solutions approximate a semistable energetic solution of the rate-independent system. Moreover, we present our numerical results for two benchmark problems.

  • M. Hintermüller, A. Langer, C.N. Rautenberg, T. Wu, Adaptive regularization for image reconstruction from subsampled data, Preprint no. 2379, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2379 .
    Abstract, PDF (1600 kByte)
    Choices of regularization parameters are central to variational methods for image restoration. In this paper, a spatially adaptive (or distributed) regularization scheme is developed based on localized residuals, which properly balances the regularization weight between regions containing image details and homogeneous regions. Surrogate iterative methods are employed to handle given subsampled data in transformed domains, such as Fourier or wavelet data. In this respect, this work extends the spatially variant regularization technique previously established in [15], which depends on the fact that the given data are degraded images only. Numerical experiments for the reconstruction from partial Fourier data and for wavelet inpainting prove the efficiency of the newly proposed approach.

  • A. Alphonse, Ch.M. Elliott, J. Terra, A coupled ligand-receptor bulk-surface system on a moving domain: Well posedness, regularity and convergence to equilibrium, Preprint no. 2357, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2357 .
    Abstract, PDF (536 kByte)
    We prove existence, uniqueness, and regularity for a reaction-diffusion system of coupled bulk-surface equations on a moving domain modelling receptor-ligand dynamics in cells. The nonlinear coupling between the three unknowns is through the Robin boundary condition for the bulk quantity and the right hand sides of the two surface equations. Our results are new even in the non-moving setting, and in this case we also show exponential convergence to a steady state. The primary complications in the analysis are indeed the nonlinear coupling and the Robin boundary condition. For the well posedness and essential boundedness of solutions we use several De Giorgi-type arguments, and we also develop some useful estimates to allow us to apply a Steklov averaging technique for time-dependent operators to prove that solutions are strong. Some of these auxiliary results presented in this paper are of independent interest by themselves.

  • A. Mielke, M. Mittnenzweig, Convergence to equilibrium in energy-reaction-diffusion systems using vector-valued functional inequalities, Preprint no. 2349, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (618 kByte)
    We discuss how the recently developed energy-dissipation methods for reactiondi usion systems can be generalized to the non-isothermal case. For this we use concave entropies in terms of the densities of the species and the internal energy, where the importance is that the equilibrium densities may depend on the internal energy. Using the log-Sobolev estimate and variants for lower-order entropies as well as estimates for the entropy production of the nonlinear reactions we give two methods to estimate the relative entropy by the total entropy production, namely a somewhat restrictive convexity method, which provides explicit decay rates, and a very general, but weaker compactness method.

  • S. Dipierro, J. Serra, E. Valdinoci, Improvement of flatness for nonlocal phase transitions, Preprint no. 2345, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2345 .
    Abstract, PDF (580 kByte)
    We prove an improvement of flatness result for nonlocal phase transitions. For a class of nonlocal equations, we obtain a result in the same spirit of a celebrated theorem of Savin for the classical case. The results presented are completely new even for the case of the fractional Laplacian, but the robustness of the proofs allows us to treat also more general, possibly anisotropic, integro-differential operators.

  • B. Abdellaoui, A. Dieb, E. Valdinoci, A nonlocal concave-convex problem with nonlocal mixed boundary data, Preprint no. 2344, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2344 .
    Abstract, PDF (293 kByte)
    The aim of this paper is to study a nonlocal equation with mixed Neumann and Dirichlet external conditions. We prove existence, nonexistence and multiplicity of positive energy solutions and analyze the interaction between the concave-convex nonlinearity and the Dirichlet-Neumann data.

  • S. Dipierro, J. Serra, E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal phase transitions: Rigidity results and anisotropic geometry, Preprint no. 2334, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2334 .
    Abstract, PDF (237 kByte)
    We provide a series of rigidity results for a nonlocal phase transition equation. The results that we obtain are an improvement of flatness theorem and a series of theorems concerning the one-dimensional symmetry for monotone and minimal solutions, in the research line dictaded by a classical conjecture of E. De Giorgi. Here, we collect a series of pivotal results, of geometric type, which are exploited in the proofs of the main results in a companion paper.

  • A. Mielke, Uniform exponential decay for reaction-diffusion systems with complex-balanced mass-action kinetics, Preprint no. 2326, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (444 kByte)
    We consider reaction-diffusion systems on a bounded domain with no-flux boundary conditions. All reactions are given by the mass-action law and are assumed to satisfy the complex-balance condition. In the case of a diagonal diffusion matrix, the relative entropy is a Liapunov functional. We give an elementary proof for the Liapunov property as well a few explicit examples for the condition of complex or detailed balancing.
     
    We discuss three methods to obtain energy-dissipation estimates, which guarantee exponential decay of the relative entropy, all of which rely on the log-Sobolev estimate and suitable handling of the reaction terms as well as the mass-conservation relations. The three methods are (i) a convexification argument based on the author's joint work with Haskovec and Markowich, (ii) a series of analytical estimates derived by Desvillettes, Fellner, and Tang, and (iii) a compactness argument of developed by Glitzky and Hünlich.

  • S. Dipierro, A. Karakhanyan, E. Valdinoci, A nonlinear free boundary problem with a self-driven Bernoulli condition, Preprint no. 2325, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2325 .
    Abstract, PDF (455 kByte)
    We study a Bernoulli type free boundary problem with two phases and a nonlinear energy superposition. We show that, for this problem, the Bernoulli constant, which determines the gradient jump condition across the free boundary, is of global type and it is indeed determined by the weighted volumes of the phases. In particular, the Bernoulli condition that we obtain can be seen as a pressure prescription in terms of the volume of the two phases of the minimizer itself (and therefore it depends on the minimizer itself and not only on the structural constants of the problem). Another property of this type of problems is that the minimizer in a given domain is not necessarily a minimizer in a smaller subdomain, due to the nonlinear structure of the problem. Due to these features, this problem is highly unstable as opposed to the classical case studied by Alt, Caffarelli and Friedman. It also interpolates the classical case, in the sense that the blow-up limits are minimizers of the Alt-Caffarelli-Friedman functional. Namely, the energy of the problem somehow linearizes in the blow-up limit. We also develop a detailed optimal regularity theory for the minimizers and for their free boundaries.

  • L. Avena, O. Gün, M. Hesse, The parabolic Anderson model on the hypercube, Preprint no. 2319, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2319 .
    Abstract, PDF (240 kByte)
    We consider the parabolic Anderson model (PAM) on the n-dimensional hypercube with random i.i.d. potentials. We parametrize time by volume and study the solution at the location of the k-th largest potential. Our main result is that, for a certain class of potential distributions, the solution exhibits a phase transition: for short time scales it behaves like a system without diffusion, whereas, for long time scales the growth is dictated by the principle eigenvalue and the corresponding eigenfunction of the Anderson operator, for which we give precise asymptotics. Moreover, the transition time depends only on the difference between the largest and k-th largest potential. One of our main motivations in this article is to investigate the mutation-selection model of population genetics on a random fitness landscape, which is given by the ratio of the solution of PAM to its total mass, with the field corresponding to the fitness landscape. We show that the phase transition of the solution translates to the mutation-selection model as follows: a population initially concentrated at the site of the k-th best fitness value moves completely to the site of the best fitness on time scales where the transition of growth rates happens. The class of potentials we consider involve the Random Energy Model (REM) of statistical physics which is studied as one of the main examples of a random fitness landscape.

  • S. Dipierro, O. Savin, E. Valdinoci, Definition of fractional Laplacian for functions with polynomial growth, Preprint no. 2318, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (368 kByte)
    We introduce a notion of fractional Laplacian for functions which grow more than linearly at infinity. In such case, the operator is not defined in the classical sense: nevertheless, we can give an ad-hoc definition which can be useful for applications in various fields, such as blowup and free boundary problems. In this setting, when the solution has a polynomial growth at infinity, the right hand side of the equation is not just a function, but an equivalence class of functions modulo polynomials of a fixed order. We also give a sharp version of the Schauder estimates in this framework, in which the full smooth Hölder norm of the solution is controlled in terms of the seminorm of the nonlinearity. Though the method presented is very general and potentially works for general nonlocal operators, for clarity and concreteness we focus here on the case of the fractional Laplacian.

  • S. Dipierro, F. Maggi, E. Valdinoci, Asymptotic expansions of the contact angle in nonlocal capillarity problems, Preprint no. 2315, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (294 kByte)
    We consider a family of nonlocal capillarity models, where surface tension is modeled by exploiting a family of fractional interaction kernels The fractional Young's law (contact angle condition) predicted by these models coincides, in the limit, with the classical Young's law determined by the Gauss free energy. Here we refine this asymptotics by showing that, for s close to 1, the fractional contact angle is always smaller than its classical counterpart when the relative adhesion coefficient is negative, and larger if it is positive. In addition, we address the asymptotics of the fractional Young's law in the limit case s close to 0 of interaction kernels with heavy tails. Interestingly, forsmall s, the dependence of the contact angle from the relative adhesion coefficient becomes linear.

  • S. Dipierro, O. Savin, E. Valdinoci, Local approximation of arbitrary functions by solutions of nonlocal equations, Preprint no. 2303, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (236 kByte)
    We show that any function can be locally approximated by solutions of prescribed linear equations of nonlocal type. In particular, we show that every function is locally s-caloric, up to a small error. The case of non-elliptic and non-parabolic operators is taken into account as well.

  • S. Patrizi, E. Valdinoci, Long-time behavior for crystal dislocation dynamics, Preprint no. 2302, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (409 kByte)
    We describe the asymptotic states for the solutions of a nonlocal equation of evolutionary type, which have the physical meaning of the atom dislocation function in a periodic crystal.

    More precisely, we can describe accurately the “smoothing effect” on the dislocation function occurring slightly after a “particle collision” (roughly speaking, two opposite transitions layers average out) and, in this way, we can trap the atom dislocation function between a superposition of transition layers which, as time flows, approaches either a constant function or a single heteroclinic (depending on the algebraic properties of the orientations of the initial transition layers). <\p> The results are endowed of explicit and quantitative estimates and, as a byproduct, we show that the ODE systems of particles that governs the evolution of the transition layers does not admit stationary solutions (i.e., roughly speaking, transition layers always move).
  • M. Hintermüller, K. Papafitsoros, C.N. Rautenberg, Analytical aspects of spatially adapted total variation regularisation, Preprint no. 2293, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (877 kByte)
    In this paper we study the structure of solutions of the one dimensional weighted total variation regularisation problem, motivated by its application in signal recovery tasks. We study in depth the relationship between the weight function and the creation of new discontinuities in the solution. A partial semigroup property relating the weight function and the solution is shown and analytic solutions for simply data functions are computed. We prove that the weighted total variation minimisation problem is well-posed even in the case of vanishing weight function, despite the lack of coercivity. This is based on the fact that the total variation of the solution is bounded by the total variation of the data, a result that it also shown here. Finally the relationship to the corresponding weighted fidelity problem is explored, showing that the two problems can produce completely different solutions even for very simple data functions.

  • F. Flegel, Localization of the principal Dirichlet eigenvector in the heavy-tailed random conductance model, Preprint no. 2290, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2290 .
    Abstract, PDF (567 kByte)
    We study the asymptotic behavior of the principal eigenvector and eigenvalue of the random conductance Laplacian in a large domain of Zd (d ≥ 2) with zero Dirichlet condition. We assume that the conductances w are positive i.i.d. random variables, which fulfill certain regularity assumptions near zero. If γ = sup q ≥ 0; E [w^-q]<∞ <¼, then we show that for almost every environment the principal Dirichlet eigenvector asymptotically concentrates in a single site and the corresponding eigenvalue scales subdiffusively. The threshold γrm c = ¼ is sharp. Indeed, other recent results imply that for γ>¼ the top of the Dirichlet spectrum homogenizes. Our proofs are based on a spatial extreme value analysis of the local speed measure, Borel-Cantelli arguments, the Rayleigh-Ritz formula, results from percolation theory, and path arguments.

  • E. Cinti, C. Sinestrari, E. Valdinoci, Neckpinch singularities in fractional mean curvature flows, Preprint no. 2282, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (268 kByte)
    In this paper we consider the evolution of boundaries of sets by a fractional mean curvature flow. We show that, for any dimension n ≥ 2, there exist embedded hypersurfaces in Rn which develop a singularity without shrinking to a point. Such examples are well known for the classical mean curvature flow for n ≥ 3. Interestingly, when n=2, our result provides instead a counterexample in the nonlocal framework to the well known Grayson's Theorem [17], which states that any smooth embedded curve in the plane evolving by (classical) MCF shrinks to a point. The essential step in our construction is an estimate which ensures that a suitably small perturbation of a thin strip has positive fractional curvature at every boundary point.

  • S. Dipierro, E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal minimal surfaces: Interior regularity, quantitative estimates and boundary stickiness, Preprint no. 2281, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (456 kByte)
    We consider surfaces which minimize a nonlocal perimeter functional and we discuss their interior regularity and rigidity properties, in a quantitative and qualitative way, and their (perhaps rather surprising) boundary behavior. We present at least a sketch of the proofs of these results, in a way that aims to be as elementary and self contained as possible, referring to the papers [CRS10, SV13, CV13, BFV14, FV, DSV15, CSV16] for full details.

  • F. Maggi, E. Valdinoci, Capillarity problems with nonlocal surface tension energies, Preprint no. 2274, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (377 kByte)
    We explore the possibility of modifying the classical Gauss free energy functional used in capillarity theory by considering surface tension energies of nonlocal type. The corresponding variational principles lead to new equilibrium conditions which are compared to the mean curvature equation and Young's law found in classical capillarity theory. As a special case of this family of problems we recover a nonlocal relative isoperimetric problem of geometric interest.

  • R.I.A. Patterson, D.R.M. Renger, Dynamical large deviations of countable reaction networks under a weak reversibility condition, Preprint no. 2273, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2273 .
    Abstract, PDF (343 kByte)
    A dynamic large deviations principle for a countable reaction network including coagulation--fragmentation models is proved. The rate function is represented as the infimal cost of the reaction fluxes and a minimiser for this variational problem is shown to exist. A weak reversibility condition is used to control the boundary behaviour and to guarantee a representation for the optimal fluxes via a Lagrange multiplier that can be used to construct the changes of measure used in standard tilting arguments. Reflecting the pure jump nature of the approximating processes, their paths are treated as elements of a BV function space.

  • M. Cozzi, S. Dipierro, E. Valdinoci, Planelike interfaces in long-range Ising models and connections with nonlocal minimal surfaces, Preprint no. 2264, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (505 kByte)
    This paper contains three types of results: the construction of ground state solutions for a long-range Ising model whose interfaces stay at a bounded distance from any given hyperplane, the construction of nonlocal minimal surfaces which stay at a bounded distance from any given hyperplane, the reciprocal approximation of ground states for long-range Ising models and nonlocal minimal surfaces. In particular, we establish the existence of ground state solutions for long-range Ising models with planelike interfaces, which possess scale invariant properties with respect to the periodicity size of the environment. The range of interaction of the Hamiltonian is not necessarily assumed to be finite and also polynomial tails are taken into account (i.e. particles can interact even if they are very far apart the one from the other).
    In addition, we provide a rigorous bridge between the theory of long-range Ising models and that of nonlocal minimal surfaces, via some precise limit result.

  • M. Cozzi, S. Dipierro, E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal phase transitions in homogeneous and periodic media, Preprint no. 2262, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (235 kByte)
    We discuss some results related to a phase transition model in which the potential energy induced by a double-well function is balanced by a fractional elastic energy. In particular, we present asymptotic results (such as Gamma-convergence, energy bounds and density estimates for level sets), flatness and rigidity results, and the construction of planelike minimizers in periodic media.
    Finally, we consider a nonlocal equation with a multiwell potential, motivated by models arising in crystal dislocations, and we construct orbits exhibiting symbolic dynamics, inspired by some classical results by Paul Rabinowitz.

  • S. Dipierro, N. Soave, E. Valdinoci, On fractional elliptic equations in Lipschitz sets and epigraphs: Regularity, monotonicity and rigidity results, Preprint no. 2256, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (534 kByte)
    We consider a nonlocal equation set in an unbounded domain with the epigraph property. We prove symmetry, monotonicity and rigidity results. In particular, we deal with halfspaces, coercive epigraphs and epigraphs that are flat at infinity.

    These results can be seen as the nonlocal counterpart of the celebrated article [4].

  • S. Dipierro, M. Novaga, E. Valdinoci, Rigidity of critical points for a nonlocal Ohta--Kawasaki energy, Preprint no. 2252, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (153 kByte)
    We investigate the shape of critical points for a free energy consisting of a nonlocal perimeter plus a nonlocal repulsive term. In particular, we prove that a volume-constrained critical point is necessarily a ball if its volume is sufficiently small with respect to its isodiametric ratio, thus extending a result previously known only for global minimizers.

    We also show that, at least in one-dimension, there exist critical points with arbitrarily small volume and large isodiametric ratio. This example shows that a constraint on the diameter is, in general, necessary to establish the radial symmetry of the critical points.

  • M. Hintermüller, C.N. Rautenberg, T. Wu, A. Langer, Optimal selection of the regularization function in a generalized total variation model. Part II: Algorithm, its analysis and numerical tests, Preprint no. 2236, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (6570 kByte)
    Based on the generalized total variation model and its analysis pursued in part I (WIAS Preprint no. 2235), in this paper a continuous, i.e., infinite dimensional, projected gradient algorithm and its convergence analysis are presented. The method computes a stationary point of a regularized bilevel optimization problem for simultaneously recovering the image as well as determining a spatially distributed regularization weight. Further, its numerical realization is discussed and results obtained for image denoising and deblurring as well as Fourier and wavelet inpainting are reported on.

  • M. Hintermüller, C.N. Rautenberg, Optimal selection of the regularization function in a generalized total variation model. Part I: Modelling and theory, Preprint no. 2235, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (417 kByte)
    A generalized total variation model with a spatially varying regularization weight is considered. Existence of a solution is shown, and the associated Fenchel-predual problem is derived. For automatically selecting the regularization function, a bilevel optimization framework is proposed. In this context, the lower-level problem, which is parameterized by the regularization weight, is the Fenchel predual of the generalized total variation model and the upper-level objective penalizes violations of a variance corridor. The latter object relies on a localization of the image residual as well as on lower and upper bounds inspired by the statistics of the extremes.

  • J. Haskovec, S. Hittmeir, P. Markowich, A. Mielke, Decay to equilibrium for energy-reaction-diffusion systems, Preprint no. 2233, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (436 kByte)
    We derive thermodynamically consistent models of reaction-diffusion equations coupled to a heat equation. While the total energy is conserved, the total entropy serves as a driving functional such that the full coupled system is a gradient flow. The novelty of the approach is the Onsager structure, which is the dual form of a gradient system, and the formulation in terms of the densities and the internal energy. In these variables it is possible to assume that the entropy density is strictly concave such that there is a unique maximizer (thermodynamical equilibrium) given linear constraints on the total energy and suitable density constraints. We consider two particular systems of this type, namely, a diffusion-reaction bipolar energy transport system, and a drift-diffusion-reaction energy transport system with confining potential. We prove corresponding entropy-entropy production inequalities with explicitely calculable constants and establish the convergence to thermodynamical equilibrium, at first in entropy and further in L1 using Cziszar-Kullback-Pinsker type inequalities.

  • K. Disser, M. Liero, J. Zinsl, On the evolutionary Gamma-convergence of gradient systems modeling slow and fast chemical reactions, Preprint no. 2227, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (489 kByte)
    We investigate the limit passage for a system of ordinary differential equations modeling slow and fast chemical reaction of mass-action type, where the rates of fast reactions tend to infinity. We give an elementary proof of convergence to a reduced dynamical system acting in the slow reaction directions on the manifold of fast reaction equilibria. Then we study the entropic gradient structure of these systems and prove an E-convergence result via Γ-convergence of the primary and dual dissipation potentials, which shows that this structure carries over to the fast reaction limit. We recover the limit dynamics as a gradient flow of the entropy with respect to a pseudo-metric.

  • E. Cinti, J. Serra, E. Valdinoci, Quantitative flatness results and $BV$-estimates for stable nonlocal minimal surfaces, Preprint no. 2223, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (695 kByte)
    We establish quantitative properties of minimizers and stable sets for nonlocal interaction functionals, including the $s$-fractional perimeter as a particular case. On the one hand, we establish universal $BV$-estimates in every dimension $nge 2$ for stable sets. Namely, we prove that any stable set in $B_1$ has finite classical perimeter in $B_1/2$, with a universal bound. This nonlocal result is new even in the case of $s$-perimeters and its local counterpart (for classical stable minimal surfaces) was known only for simply connected two-dimensional surfaces immersed in $R^3$. On the other hand, we prove quantitative flatness estimates for minimizers and stable sets in low dimensions $n=2,3$. More precisely, we show that a stable set in $B_R$, with $R$ large, is very close in measure to being a half space in $B_1$ ---with a quantitative estimate on the measure of the symmetric difference. As a byproduct, we obtain new classification results for stable sets in the whole plane.

  • L. Caffarelli, S. Dipierro, E. Valdinoci, A logistic equation with nonlocal interactions, Preprint no. 2216, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (329 kByte)
    We consider here a logistic equation, modeling processes of nonlocal character both in the diffusion and proliferation terms. More precisely, for populations that propagate according to a Lévy process and can reach resources in a neighborhood of their position, we compare (and find explicit threshold for survival) the local and nonlocal case. As ambient space, we can consider: beginitemize item bounded domains, item periodic environments, item transition problems, where the environment consists of a block of infinitesimal diffusion and an adjacent nonlocal one. enditemize In each of these cases, we analyze the existence/nonexistence of solutions in terms of the spectral properties of the domain. In particular, we give a detailed description of the fact that nonlocal populations may better adapt to sparse resources and small environments.

  • A. Farina, E. Valdinoci, Anisotropic nonlocal operators regularity and rigidity theorems for a class of anisotropic nonlocal operators, Preprint no. 2213, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (284 kByte)
    We consider here operators which are sum of (possibly) fractional derivatives, with (possibly different) order. The main constructive assumption is that the operator is of order $2$ in one variable. By constructing an explicit barrier, we prove a Lipschitz estimate which controls the oscillation of the solutions in such direction with respect to the oscillation of the nonlinearity in the same direction. As a consequence, we obtain a rigidity result that, roughly speaking, states that if the nonlinearity is independent of a coordinate direction, then so is any global solution (provided that the solution does not grow too much at infinity). A Liouville type result then follows as a byproduct.

  • S. Dipierro, A. Karakhanyan, E. Valdinoci, A class of unstable free boundary problems, Preprint no. 2212, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (395 kByte)
    We consider the free boundary problem arising from an energy functional which is the sum of a Dirichlet energy and a nonlinear function of either the classical or the fractional perimeter. The main difference with the existing literature is that the total energy is here a nonlinear superposition of the either local or nonlocal surface tension effect with the elastic energy. In sharp contrast with the linear case, the problem considered in this paper is unstable, namely a minimizer in a given domain is not necessarily a minimizer in a smaller domain. We provide an explicit example for this instability. We also give a free boundary condition, which emphasizes the role played by the domain in the geometry of the free boundary. In addition, we provide density estimates for the free boundary and regularity results for the minimal solution. As far as we know, this is the first case in which a nonlinear function of the perimeter is studied in this type of problems. Also, the results obtained in this nonlinear setting are new even in the case of the local perimeter, and indeed the instability feature is not a consequence of the possibly nonlocality of the problem, but it is due to the nonlinear character of the energy functional.

  • CH. Heinemann, K. Sturm, Shape optimisation for a class of semilinear variational inequalities with applications to damage models, Preprint no. 2209, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (590 kByte)
    The present contribution investigates shape optimisation problems for a class of semilinear elliptic variational inequalities with Neumann boundary conditions. Sensitivity estimates and material derivatives are firstly derived in an abstract operator setting where the operators are defined on polyhedral subsets of reflexive Banach spaces. The results are then refined for variational inequalities arising from minimisation problems for certain convex energy functionals considered over upper obstacle sets in $H^1$. One particularity is that we allow for dynamic obstacle functions which may arise from another optimisation problems. We prove a strong convergence property for the material derivative and establish state-shape derivatives under regularity assumptions. Finally, as a concrete application from continuum mechanics, we show how the dynamic obstacle case can be used to treat shape optimisation problems for time-discretised brittle damage models for elastic solids. We derive a necessary optimality system for optimal shapes whose state variables approximate desired damage patterns and/or displacement fields.

  • M. Liero, A. Mielke, G. Savaré, Optimal entropy-transport problems and a new Hellinger--Kantorovich distance between positive measures, Preprint no. 2207, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
    Abstract, PDF (1154 kByte)
    We develop a full theory for the new class of Optimal Entropy-Transport problems between nonnegative and finite Radon measures in general topological spaces. They arise quite naturally by relaxing the marginal constraints typical of Optimal Transport problems: given a couple of finite measures (with possibly different total mass), one looks for minimizers of the sum of a linear transport functional and two convex entropy functionals, that quantify in some way the deviation of the marginals of the transport plan from the assigned measures. As a powerful application of this theory, we study the particular case of Logarithmic Entropy-Transport problems and introduce the new Hellinger-Kantorovich distance between measures in metric spaces. The striking connection between these two seemingly far topics allows for a deep analysis of the geometric properties of the new geodesic distance, which lies somehow between the well-known Hellinger-Kakutani and Kantorovich-Wasserstein distances.

  • M. Sáez, E. Valdinoci, On the evolution by fractional mean curvature, Preprint no. 2183, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (332 kByte)
    In this paper we study smooth solutions to a fractional mean curvature flow equation. We establish a comparison principle and consequences such as uniqueness and finite extinction time for compact solutions. We also establish evolutions equations for fractional geometric quantities that yield preservation of certain quantities (such as positive fractional curvature) and smoothness of graphical evolutions.

  • A. Mielke, R.I.A. Patterson, M.A. Peletier, D.R.M. Renger, Non-equilibrium thermodynamical principles for chemical reactions with mass-action kinetics, Preprint no. 2165, WIAS, Berlin, 2015, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2165 .
    Abstract, PDF (363 kByte)
    We study stochastic interacting particle systems that model chemical reaction networks on the micro scale, converging to the macroscopic Reaction Rate Equation. One abstraction level higher, we study the ensemble of such particle systems, converging to the corresponding Liouville transport equation. For both systems, we calculate the corresponding large deviations and show that under the condition of detailed balance, the large deviations induce a non-linear relation between thermodynamic fluxes and free energy driving force.

  • S. Dipierro, N. Soave, E. Valdinoci, On stable solutions of boundary reaction-diffusion equations and applications to nonlocal problems with Neumann data, Preprint no. 2152, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (355 kByte)
    We study reaction-diffusion equations in cylinders with possibly nonlinear diffusion and possibly nonlinear Neumann boundary conditions. We provide a geometric Poincar´e-type inequality and classification results for stable solutions, and we apply them to the study of an associated nonlocal problem. We also establish a counterexample in the corresponding framework for the fractional Laplacian.

  • L. Caffarelli, S. Patrizi, V. Quitalo, On a long range segregation model, Preprint no. 2137, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (1185 kByte)
    Segregation phenomena occurs in many areas of mathematics and science: from equipartition problems in geometry, to social and biological processes (cells, bacteria, ants, mammals) to finance (sellers and buyers). There is a large body of literature studying segregation models where the interaction between species is punctual. There are many processes though, where the growth of a population at a point is inhibited by the populations in a full area surrounding that point. This work is a first attempt to study the properties of such a segregation process.

  • V. Barbu, P. Colli, G. Gilardi, G. Marinoschi, E. Rocca, Sliding modes for a phase-field system, Preprint no. 2133, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (295 kByte)
    In the present contribution the sliding mode control (SMC) problem for a phase-field model of Caginalp type is considered. First we prove the well-posedness and some regularity results for the phase-field type state systems modified by the state- feedback control laws. Then, we show that the chosen SMC laws force the system to reach within finite time the sliding manifold (that we chose in order that one of the physical variables or a combination of them remains constant in time). We study three different types of feedback control laws: the first one appears in the internal energy balance and forces a linear combination of the temperature and the phase to reach a given (space dependent) value, while the second and third ones are added in the phase relation and lead the phase onto a prescribed target  $phi^*$. While the control law is non-local in space for the first two problems, it is local in the third one, i.e., its value at any point and any time just depends on the value of the state.

  • M. Liero, S. Reichelt, Homogenization of Cahn--Hilliard-type equations via evolutionary Gamma-convergence, Preprint no. 2114, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (455 kByte)
    In this paper we discuss two approaches to evolutionary Γ-convergence of gradient systems in Hilbert spaces. The formulation of the gradient system is based on two functionals, namely the energy functional and the dissipation potential, which allows us to employ Γ-convergence methods. In the first approach we consider families of uniformly convex energy functionals such that the limit passage of the time-dependent problems can be based on the theory of evolutionary variational inequalities as developed by Daneri and Savaré 2010. The second approach uses the equivalent formulation of the gradient system via the energy-dissipation principle and follows the ideas of Sandier and Serfaty 2004. We apply both approaches to rigorously derive homogenization limits for Cahn-Hilliard-type equations. Using the method of weak and strong two-scale convergence via periodic unfolding, we show that the energy and dissipation functionals Γ-converge. In conclusion, we will give specific examples for the applicability of each of the two approaches.

  • M. Cozzi, E. Valdinoci, Plane-like minimizers for a non-local Ginzburg--Landau-type energy in a periodic medium, Preprint no. 2108, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (1768 kByte)
    We consider a non-local phase transition equation set in a periodic medium and we construct solutions whose interface stays in a slab of prescribed direction and universal width. The solutions constructed also enjoy a local minimality property with respect to a suitable non-local energy functional.

  • F. Punzo, E. Valdinoci, Prescribed conditions at infinity for fractional parabolic and elliptic equations with unbounded coefficients, Preprint no. 2104, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (274 kByte)
    We investigate existence and uniqueness of solutions to a class of fractional parabolic equations satisfying prescribed pointwise conditions at infinity (in space), which can be time-dependent. Moreover, we study the asymptotic behaviour of such solutions. We also consider solutions of elliptic equations satisfying appropriate conditions at infinity.

  • L. Rossi, A. Tellini, E. Valdinoci, The effect on Fisher--KPP propagation in a cylinder with fast diffusion on the boundary, Preprint no. 2103, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (826 kByte)
    In this paper we consider a reaction-diffusion equation of Fisher-KPP type inside an infinite cylindrical domain in $R^N+1$, coupled with a reaction-diffusion equation on the boundary of the domain, where potentially fast diffusion is allowed. We will study the existence of an asymptotic speed of propagation for solutions of the Cauchy problem associated with such system, as well as the dependence of this speed on the diffusivity at the boundary and the amplitude of the cylinder. When $N=1$ the domain reduces to a strip between two straight lines. This models the effect of two roads with fast diffusion on a strip-shaped field bounded by them.

  • S. Dipierro, E. Valdinoci, Continuity and density results for a one-phase nonlocal free boundary problem, Preprint no. 2101, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (358 kByte)
    We consider a one-phase nonlocal free boundary problem obtained by the superposition of a fractional Dirichlet energy plus a nonlocal perimeter functional. We prove that the minimizers are continuous and the free boundary has positive density from both sides. For this, we also introduce a new notion of fractional harmonic replacement in the extended variables and we study its basic properties.

  • E. Bonetti, E. Rocca, G. Schimperna, R. Scala, On the strongly damped wave equation with constraint, Preprint no. 2094, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (246 kByte)
    A weak formulation for the so-called semilinear strongly damped wave equation with constraint is introduced and a corresponding notion of solution is de?ned. The main idea in this approach consists in the use of duality techniques in Sobolev-Bochner spaces, aimed at providing a suitable "relaxation" of the constraint term. A global in time existence result is proved under the natural condition that the initial data have finite "physical" energy.

  • X. Ros-Oton, J. Serra, E. Valdinoci, Pohozaev identities for anisotropic integro-differential operators, Preprint no. 2080, WIAS, Berlin, 2015.
    Abstract, PDF (339 kByte)
    We establish Pohozaev identities and integration by parts type formulas for anisotropic integro-differential operators of order 2s, with s ϵ (0, 1). These identities involve local boundary terms, in which the quantity u/ds ∂Ω plays the role that ∂u/∂v plays in the second order case. Here, u is any solution to Lu = f (x, u) in Ω, with u = 0 in Rn \ Ω , and d is the distance to ∂Ω.

  Talks, Poster

  • A. Alphonse, A coupled bulk-surface reaction-diffusion system on a moving domain, Workshop ``Emerging Developments in Interfaces and Free Boundaries'', January 23 - 28, 2017, Mathematisches Forschungszentrum Oberwolfach, January 25, 2017.

  • A. Alphonse, Optimal control of elliptic and parabolic quasi-variational inequalities, Annual Meeting of the DFG Priority Programme 1962, October 9 - 11, 2017, Kremmen (Sommerfeld), October 10, 2017.

  • M. Liero, On entropy-transport problems and the Hellinger--Kantorovich distance, Seminar of Team EDP-AIRSEA-CVGI, Université Grenoble Alpes, Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Grenoble, France, January 26, 2017.

  • S.-M. Stengl, Generalized Nash equilibrium problems with partial differential operators: Theory, algorithms and risk aversion (with Deborah Gahururu), Annual Meeting of the DFG Priority Programme 1962, October 9 - 11, 2017, Kremmen (Sommerfeld), October 9, 2017.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal Equations and Applications, Spring School on Nonlinear PDEs and Related Problems, January 15 - 19, 2016, African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS), Mbour, Senegal.

  • M. Thomas, Rate-independent delamination processes in visco-elasticity, Miniworkshop on Dislocations, Plasticity, and Fracture, February 13 - 16, 2017, Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, February 15, 2017.

  • M. Hintermüller, Bilevel optimization and applications in imaging, Workshop ``Emerging Developments in Interfaces and Free Boundaries'', January 22 - 28, 2017, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach.

  • M. Hintermüller, Bilevel optimization and applications in imaging, Mathematisches Kolloquium, Universität Wien, Austria, January 18, 2017.

  • M. Hintermüller, Bilevel optimization and some ``parameter learning'' applications in image processing, LMS Workshop ``Variational Methods Meet Machine Learning'', September 18, 2017, University of Cambridge, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, UK, September 18, 2017.

  • M. Hintermüller, Non-smooth structures in PDE-constrained optimization, Mathematisches Kolloquium, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Fakultät für Mathematik, Essen, January 11, 2017.

  • M. Hintermüller, On (pre)dualization, dense embeddings of convex sets, and applications in image processing, Isaac Newton Institute, Cambridge, UK, August 30, 2017.

  • M. Hintermüller, On (pre)dualization, dense embeddings of convex sets, and applications in image processing, University College London, Centre for Inverse Problems, UK, October 27, 2017.

  • M. Hintermüller, Recent trends in PDE-constrained optimization with non-smooth structures, Fourth Conference on Numerical Analysis and Optimization (NAOIV-2017), January 2 - 5, 2017, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman, January 4, 2017.

  • M. Liero, The Hellinger--Kantorovich distance as natural generalization of optimal transport distance to (scalar) reaction-diffusion equations, Variational Methods for Evolution, November 12 - 17, 2017, Mathematisches Forschungszentrum Oberwolfach, November 14, 2017.

  • A. Mielke, A geometric approach to reaction-diffusion equations, Institutskolloquium, Universität Potsdam, Institut für Mathematik, January 25, 2017.

  • A. Mielke, Entropy-induced geometry for classical and quantum Markov semigroups, SMS Colloquium, University College Cork, School of Mathematical Science, Ireland, September 11, 2017.

  • A. Mielke, Optimal transport versus growth and decay, International Conference ``Calculus of Variations and Optimal Transportation'' in the Honor of Yann Brenier for his 60th Birthday, January 9 - 11, 2017, Institut Henri Poincaré, Paris, France, January 11, 2017.

  • A. Mielke, Uniform exponential decay for energy-reaction-diffusion systems, Analysis Seminar, University of Pavia, Department of Mathematics, Italy, March 21, 2017.

  • M. Mittnenzweig, Variational methods for quantum master equations, Barcelona Graduate School of Mathematics Junior Meeting, October 9 - 10, 2017, Berlin Mathematical School, Spain, October 10, 2017.

  • E. Cinti, Quantitative flatness results and BV estimates for nonlocal minimal surfaces, Workshop ``Calculus of Variations'', July 11 - 15, 2016, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, July 12, 2016.

  • E. Cinti, Quantitative flatness results and BV-estimates for nonlocal minimal surfaces, Bruxelles-Torino talks in PDE's, May 2 - 5, 2016, Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Matematica ``Giuseppe Peano'', Italy, May 3, 2016.

  • E. Cinti, Quantitative flatness results and BV-estimates for nonlocal minimal surfaces, 9th European Conference on Elliptic and Parabolic Problems, May 23 - 27, 2016, University of Zurich, Institute of Mathematics, Gaeta, Italy, May 23, 2016.

  • K. Disser, Convergence for gradient systems of slow and fast chemical reactions, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Session ``Applied Analysis'', March 7 - 11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, March 11, 2016.

  • K. Disser, E-convergence to the quasi-steady-state approximation in systems of chemical reactions, ERC Workshop on Modeling Materials and Fluids using Variational Methods, February 22 - 26, 2016, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 25, 2016.

  • S. Reichelt, Homogenization of Cahn--Hilliard-type equations via evolutionary $Gamma$-convergence, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Young Researchers' Minisymposium ``Multiscale Evolutionary Problems'', March 7 - 11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, March 7, 2016.

  • S. Reichelt, Homogenization of Cahn--Hilliard-type equations via evolutionary Gamma-convergence, Workshop ``Patterns of Dynamics'', Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Mathematik und Informatik, July 25 - 29, 2016.

  • S. Reichelt, Homogenization of Cahn--Hilliard-type equations via gradient structures, The 11th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, Special Session 2 ``Emergence and Dynamics of Patterns in Nonlinear Partial Differential Equation'', July 1 - 5, 2016, The American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Orlando (Florida), USA, July 3, 2016.

  • TH. Frenzel, EDP-convergence for delamination and a wiggly energy model, 2nd Berlin Dresden Prague Würzburg Workshop on Mathematics of Continuum Mechanics, Technische Universität Dresden, Fachbereich Mathematik, Dresden, December 5, 2016.

  • TH. Frenzel, Evolutionary Gamma-convergence for a delamination model, Workshop on Industrial and Applied Mathematics 2016, 5th Symposium of German SIAM Student Chapters, August 31 - September 2, 2016, University of Hamburg, Department of Mathematics, Hamburg, September 1, 2016.

  • TH. Frenzel, Evolutionary Gamma-convergence for amplitude equations and for wiggly energy models, Winter School 2016: Calculus of Variations in Physics and Materials Science, Würzburg, February 15 - 19, 2016.

  • TH. Frenzel, Examples of evolutionary Gamma-convergence, Workshop on Industrial and Applied Mathematics 2016, 5th Symposium of German SIAM Student Chapters, Hamburg, August 31 - September 2, 2016.

  • M. Heida, Large deviation principle for a stochastic Allen--Cahn equation, 9th European Conference on Elliptic and Parabolic Problems, May 23 - 27, 2016, University of Zurich, Institute of Mathematics, Gaeta, Italy, May 25, 2016.

  • M. Liero, Gradient structures for reaction-diffusion systems and optimal entropy-transport problems, Workshop ``Variational and Hamiltonian Structures: Models and Methods'', July 11 - 15, 2016, Erwin Schrödinger International Institute for Mathematics and Physics, Vienna, Austria, July 11, 2016.

  • M. Liero, On Entropy-Transport problems and distances between positive measures, ERC Workshop on Modeling Materials and Fluids using Variational Methods, February 22 - 26, 2016, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 25, 2016.

  • M. Liero, On entropy-transport problems and the Hellinger--Kantorovich distance, Follow-up Workshop to Junior Hausdorff Trimester Program ``Optimal Transportation'', August 29 - September 2, 2016, Hausdorff Research Institute for Mathematics, Bonn, August 30, 2016.

  • M. Liero, On geodesic curves and convexity of functionals with respect to the Hellinger--Kantorovich distance, Workshop ``Optimal Transport and Applications'', November 7 - 11, 2016, Scuola Normale Superiore, Dipartimento di Matematica, Pisa, Italy, November 10, 2016.

  • D.R.M. Renger, Functions of bounded variation with an infinite-dimensional codomain, Meeting in Applied Mathematics and Calculus of Variations, September 13 - 16, 2016, Università di Roma ``La Sapienza'', Dipartimento di Matematica ``Guido Castelnuovo'', Italy, September 16, 2016.

  • E. Valdinoci, A notion of fractional perimeter and nonlocal minimal surfaces, Seminar, Universitá del Salento, Dipartimento di Matematics e Fisica ``Ennio de Giorgi'', Lecce, Italy, June 22, 2016.

  • E. Valdinoci, Capillarity problems with nonlocal surface tension energies, Columbia Geometry & Analysis Seminar, Columbia University in the City of New York, Department of Mathematics, USA, September 16, 2016.

  • E. Valdinoci, Interior and boundary properties of nonlocal minimal surfaces, Calcul des Variations & EDP, Université Aix-Marseille, Institut de Mathématiques de Marseille, France, February 25, 2016.

  • E. Valdinoci, Interior and boundary properties on nonlocal minimal surfaces, 3rd Conference on Nonlocal Operators and Partial Differential Equations, June 27 - July 1, 2016, Bedlewo, Poland, June 27, 2016.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal equations from various perspectives, PIMS Workshop on Nonlocal Variational Problems and PDEs, June 13 - 17, 2016, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, June 13, 2016.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal minimal surface, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Fakultät für Mathematik, February 10, 2016.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal minimal surfaces, a geometric and analytic insight, Seminar on Differential Geometry and Analysis, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, January 18, 2016.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal minimal surfaces: Regularity and quantitative properties, Conference on Recent Trends on Elliptic Nonlocal Equations, The Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences, Toronto, Canada, June 9, 2016.

  • T. Wu, Bilevel optimization and applications in imaging sciences, August 24 - 25, 2016, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Institute of Natural Sciences, China.

  • M. Thomas, Coupling rate-independent and rate-dependent processes: Delamination models in visco-elastodynamics, Oberseminar ``Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften'', Universität Würzburg, Institut für Mathematik, June 10, 2016.

  • M. Thomas, Coupling rate-independent and rate-dependent processes: Existence results, 7th European Congress of Mathematics (ECM), minisymposium ``Nonsmooth PDEs in the Modeling Damage, Delamination, and Fracture'', July 18 - 22, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, July 22, 2016.

  • M. Thomas, Energetic concepts for coupled rate-independent and rate-dependent processes: Damage & delamination in visco-elastodynamics, International Conference ``Mathematical Analysis of Continuum Mechanics and Industrial Applications II'' (CoMFoS16), October 22 - 24, 2016, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

  • M. Thomas, From adhesive contact to brittle delamination in visco-elastodynamics, The 11th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, special session ``Rate-dependent and Rate-independent Evolution Problems in Continuum Mechanics: Analytical and Numerical Aspects'', July 1 - 5, 2016, The American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Orlando (Florida), USA, July 4, 2016.

  • M. Thomas, From adhesive contact to brittle delamination in visco-elastodynamics, ERC Workshop on Modeling Materials and Fluids using Variational Methods, February 22 - 26, 2016, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 26, 2016.

  • M. Thomas, Non-smooth PDEs in material failure: Towards dynamic fracture, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Section 14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 7 - 11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, March 10, 2016.

  • M. Thomas, Rate-independent evolution of sets, INdAM-ISIMM Workshop on Trends on Applications of Mathematics to Mechanics, September 5 - 8, 2016, The International Society for the Interaction of Mechanics and Mathematics (ISIMM), Rome, Italy, September 6, 2016.

  • M. Thomas, Rate-independent evolution of sets & application to fracture processes, Seminar on Analysis, Kanazawa University, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa, Japan, October 28, 2016.

  • S.P. Frigeri, On a diffuse interface model of tumor growth, 9th European Conference on Elliptic and Parabolic Problems, May 23 - 27, 2016, University of Zurich, Institute of Mathematics, Gaeta, Italy, May 23, 2016.

  • M. Hintermüller, K. Papafitsoros, C. Rautenberg, A fine scale analysis of spatially adapted total variation regularisation, Imaging, Vision and Learning based on Optimization and PDEs, Bergen, Norway, August 29 - September 1, 2016.

  • M. Hintermüller, Adaptive finite elements in total variation based image denoising, SIAM Conference on Imaging Science, Minisymposium ``Leveraging Ideas from Imaging Science in PDE-constrained Optimization'', May 23 - 26, 2016, Albuquerque, USA, May 24, 2016.

  • M. Hintermüller, Bilevel optimization and applications in imaging, Imaging, Vision and Learning based on Optimization and PDEs, August 29 - September 1, 2016, Bergen, Norway, August 30, 2016.

  • M. Hintermüller, Bilevel optimization for a generalized total-variation model, SIAM Conference on Imaging Science, Minisymposium ``Non-Convex Regularization Methods in Image Restoration'', May 23 - 26, 2016, Albuquerque, USA, May 26, 2016.

  • M. Hintermüller, Optimal selection of the regularisation function in a localised TV model, SIAM Conference on Imaging Science, Minisymposium ``Analysis and Parameterisation of Derivative Based Regularisation'', May 23 - 26, 2016, Albuquerque, USA, May 24, 2016.

  • M. Hintermüller, Recent trends in optimal control problems with nonsmooth structures, Computational Methods for Control of Infinite-dimensional Systems, March 14 - 18, 2016, Institute for Mathematics and its Applications, Minneapolis, USA, March 14, 2016.

  • M. Hintermüller, Shape and topological sensitivities in mathematical image processing, BMS Summer School ``Mathematical and Numerical Methods in Image Processing'', July 25 - August 5, 2016, Berlin Mathematical School, Technische Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, August 4, 2016.

  • M. Hintermüller, Towards sharp stationarity conditions for classes of optimal control problems for variational inequalities of the second kind, International INdAM Conference ``Optimal Control for Evolutionary PDEs and Related Topics (OCERTO 2016)'', June 20 - 24, 2016, Cortona, Italy, June 20, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, Entropy-entropy production estimates for energy-reaction diffusion systems, Workshop ``Forefront of PDEs: Modelling, Analysis and Numerics'', December 12 - 14, 2016, Technische Universität Wien, Institut für Analysis and Scientific Computing, Austria, December 13, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, Evolutionary Gamma-convergence, 2nd CENTRAL School on Analysis and Numerics for Partial Differential Equations, August 29 - September 2, 2016, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Mathematik.

  • A. Mielke, Evolutionary relaxation for a rate-independent phase-transformation model, Workshop ``Mechanics of Materials: Mechanics of Interfaces and Evolving Microstructure'', March 14 - 18, 2016, Mathematisches Forschungszentrum Oberwolfach, March 14, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, Global existence for finite-strain viscoplasticity via the energy-dissipation principle, Seminar ``Analysis & Mathematical Physics'', Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Vienna, Austria, July 7, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, Gradient structures and dissipation distances for reaction-diffusion equation, Mathematisches Kolloquium, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Mathematik, Münster, April 28, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, Microstructure evolution via relaxation for a rate-independent elastic two-phase model, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Session ``Applied Analysis'', March 7 - 11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, March 10, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, On a model for the evolution of microstructures in solids -- Evolutionary relaxation, KTGU-IMU Mathematics Colloquia, March 30 - 31, 2016, Kyoto University, Department of Mathematics, Japan, March 31, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, On entropic gradient structures for classical and quantum Markov processes with detailed balance, Pure Analysis and PDEs Seminar, Imperial College London, Department of Mathematics, UK, May 11, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, On the Hellinger--Kantorovich distance for reaction and diffusion, Workshop ``Interactions between Partial Differential Equations & Functional Inequalities'', September 12 - 16, 2016, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Institut Mittag--Leffler, Stockholm, Sweden, September 12, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, On the geometry of reaction and diffusion, INdAM-ISIMM Workshop on Trends on Applications of Mathematics to Mechanics, September 5 - 8, 2016, The International Society for the Interaction of Mechanics and Mathematics (ISIMM), Rome, Italy, September 7, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, Optimal transport versus reaction --- On the geometry of reaction-diffusion equations, Pure Analysis and PDEs Seminar, Imperial College London, Department of Mathematics, UK, May 12, 2016.

  • A. Mielke, Rate-independent microstructure evolution via relaxation of a two-phase model, Workshop ``Advances in the Mathematical Analysis of Material Defects in Elastic Solids'', June 6 - 10, 2016, Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, June 10, 2016.

  • E. Cinti, A quantitative weighted isoperimetric inequality via the ABP method, Oberseminar Analysis, Universität Bonn, Institut für Angewandte Mathematik, February 5, 2015.

  • E. Cinti, Quantitative isoperimetric inequality via the ABP method, Università di Bologna, Dipartimento di Matematica, Bologna, Italy, July 17, 2015.

  • S. Patrizi, Dislocations dynamics: From microscopic models to macroscopic crystal plasticity, Analysis Seminar, The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Mathematics, USA, January 21, 2015.

  • S. Patrizi, Dislocations dynamics: From microscopic models to macroscopic crystal plasticity, Seminar, King Abdullah University of Science and Technologie, SRI -- Center for Uncertainty Quantification in Computational Science & Engineering, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, March 25, 2015.

  • S. Patrizi, On a long range segregation model, Seminar, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Dipartimento di Matematica, Italy, May 19, 2015.

  • S. Patrizi, On a long range segregation model, Seminario di Analisi Matematica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Dipartimento di Matematica ``Guido Castelnuovo'', Italy, April 20, 2015.

  • E. Rocca, Optimal control of a nonlocal convective Cahn--Hilliard equation by the velocity, Numerical Analysis Seminars, Durham University, UK, March 13, 2015.

  • S.P. Frigeri, On a diffuse interface model of tumor growth, INdAM Workshop ``Special Materials in Complex Systems -- SMaCS 2015'', May 18 - 22, 2015, Rome, Italy, May 22, 2015.

  • S.P. Frigeri, On a nonlocal diffuse interface model for binary incompressible fluids with different densities, Mathematical Thermodynamics of Complex Fluids, June 28 - July 3, 2015, Fondazione CIME ``Roberto Conti'' (International Mathematical Summer Center), Cetraro, Italy, July 2, 2015.

  • S.P. Frigeri, Recent results on optimal control for Cahn--Hilliard/Navier--Stokes systems with nonlocal interactions, Control Theory and Related Topics, April 13 - 14, 2015, Politecnico di Milano, Italy, April 13, 2015.

  • M. Landstorfer, Theory, structure and experimental justification of the metal/electrolyte interface, Minisymposium `` Recent Developments on Electrochemical Interface Modeling'' of the 8th International Congress on Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM 2015), August 10 - 14, 2015, International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Beijing, China, August 11, 2015.

  • M. Liero, On dissipation distances for reaction-diffusion equations --- The Hellinger--Kantorovich distance, Workshop ``Collective Dynamics in Gradient Flows and Entropy Driven Structures'', June 1 - 5, 2015, Gran Sasso Science Institute, L'Aquila, Italy, June 3, 2015.

  • D.R.M. Renger, The inverse problem: From gradient flows to large deviations, Workshop ``Analytic Approaches to Scaling Limits for Random System'', January 26 - 30, 2015, Universität Bonn, Hausdorff Research Institute for Mathematics, January 26, 2015.

  • E. Valdinoci, Dislocation dynamics in crystals: Nonlocal effects, collisions and relaxation, Mostly Maximum Principle, September 16 - 18, 2015, Castello Aragonese, Agropoli, Italy, September 16, 2015.

  • E. Valdinoci, Dislocation dynamics in crystals: Nonlocal effects, collisions and relaxation, Second Workshop on Trends in Nonlinear Analysis, September 24 - 26, 2015, GNAMPA, Universitá degli Studi die Cagliari, Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Cagliari, Italy, September 26, 2015.

  • E. Valdinoci, Minimal surfaces and phase transitions with nonlocal interactions, Analysis Seminar, University of Edinburgh, School of Mathematics, UK, March 23, 2015.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal Problems in Analysis and Geometry, 2° Corso Intensivo di Calcolo delle Variazioni, June 15 - 20, 2015, Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica di Catania, Italy.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal minimal surfaces, Seminario di Calcolo delle Variazioni & Equazioni alle Derivate Parziali, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica ``Ulisse Dini'', Italy, March 13, 2015.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal problems -- Theory and applications, School/Workshop ``Phase Transition Problems and Nonlinear PDEs'', March 9 - 11, 2015, Università di Bologna, Dipartimento di Matematica.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal problems and applications, Summer School on ``Geometric Methods for PDEs and Dynamical Systems'', June 8 - 11, 2015, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Unité de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées and Institut de Mathématiques, Equipe d'Analyse, Université Bordeaux 1, Porquerolles, France.

  • E. Valdinoci, Some models arising in crystal dislocations, Global Dynamics in Hamiltonian Systems, June 28 - July 4, 2015, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (BarcelonaTech), Girona, Spain, June 29, 2015.

  • E. Valdinoci, What is the (fractional) Laplacian?, Perlen-Kolloquium, Universität Basel, Fachbereich Mathematik, Switzerland, May 22, 2015.

  • F. Flegel, Localization of the first Dirichlet-eigenvector in the heavy-tailed random conductance model, Summer School 2015 of the RTG 1845 Berlin-Potsdam ``Stochastic Analysis with Applications in Biology, Finance and Physics'', September 28 - October 3, 2015, Levico Terme, Italy, October 1, 2015.

  • F. Flegel, Localization of the first Dirichlet-eigenvector in the heavy-tailed random conductance model, Workshop ``Interplay of Analysis and Probability in Applied Mathematics'', July 26 - August 1, 2015, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, July 30, 2015.

  • M. Thomas, Analysis of nonsmooth PDE systems with application to material failure---towards dynamic fracture, Minisymposium ``Analysis of Nonsmooth PDE Systems with Application to Material Failure'' of the 8th International Congress on Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM 2015), August 10 - 14, 2015, International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Beijing, China, August 12, 2015.

  • M. Thomas, Coupling rate-independent and rate-dependent processes: Existence results, Applied Mathematics Seminar, Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Matematica, Pavia, Italy, March 5, 2015.

  • M. Thomas, Coupling rate-independent and rate-dependent processes: Evolutionary Gamma-convergence results, 86th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2015), Session on Applied Analysis, March 23 - 27, 2015, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy, March 26, 2015.

  • M. Thomas, Coupling rate-independent and rate-dependent processes: Existence and evolutionary Gamma convergence, INdAM Workshop ``Special Materials in Complex Systems -- SMaCS 2015'', May 18 - 22, 2015, Rome, Italy, May 19, 2015.

  • M. Thomas, Coupling rate-independent and rate-dependent processes: Existence results, 86th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2015), GAMM Juniors Poster Session, Lecce, Italy, March 23 - 27, 2015.

  • M. Thomas, Evolutionary Gamma convergence with application to damage and delamination, Seminar DICATAM, Università di Brescia, Dipartimento di Matematica, Brescia, Italy, June 3, 2015.

  • M. Thomas, From adhesive contact to brittle delamination in visco-elastodynamics, 3rd Workshop of the GAMM Activity Group ``Analysis of Partial Differential Equations'', September 30 - October 2, 2015, Universität Kassel, Institut für Mathematik, Kassel, October 2, 2015.

  • M. Thomas, From adhesive contact to brittle delamination in visco-elastodynamics, Workshop on CENTRAL Trends in PDEs, November 12 - 13, 2015, University of Vienna, Faculty of Mathematics, Vienna, Austria, November 13, 2015.

  • M. Thomas, Rate-independent damage models with spatial BV-regularization --- Existence & fine properties of solutions, Oberseminar ``Angewandte Analysis'', Universität Freiburg, Abteilung für Angewandte Mathematik, Freiburg, February 10, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, A mathematical approach to finite-strain viscoplasticity, Intensive Period on Variational Methods for Plasticity and Dislocations, March 16 - 20, 2015, International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, March 20, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, Abstract approach to energetic solutions for rate-independent solutions, Intensive Period on Variational Methods for Plasticity and Dislocations, March 16 - 20, 2015, International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, March 18, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, EDP-convergence and the limit from diffusion to reaction, 3rd Workshop of the GAMM Activity Group ``Analysis of Partial Differential Equations'', September 30 - October 2, 2015, Universität Kassel, Institut für Mathematik, Kassel, October 2, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, Evolutionary $Gamma$-convergence for generalized gradient systems, Workshop ``Gradient Flows'', June 22 - 23, 2015, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Paris, France, June 22, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, Evolutionary $Gamma$-convergence for gradient systems explained via applications, Symposium ``Variational Methods for Stationary and Evolutionary Problems'', University of Warwick, Mathematics Institute, Warwick, UK, May 12, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, Existence results in finite-strain elastoplasticity, Intensive Period on Variational Methods for Plasticity and Dislocations, March 16 - 20, 2015, International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, March 19, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, Mathematical modeling for finite-strain elastoplasticity, Intensive Period on Variational Methods for Plasticity and Dislocations, March 16 - 20, 2015, International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, March 16, 2015.

  • A. Mielke, The multiplicative strain decomposition in finite-strain elastoplasticity, Intensive Period on Variational Methods for Plasticity and Dislocations, March 16 - 20, 2015, International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, March 17, 2015.

  • C. Kreisbeck, Thin-film limits of functionals on A-free vector fields and applications, Workshop on Trends in Non-Linear Analysis 2014, July 31 - August 1, 2014, Instituto Superior Técnico, Departamento de Matemática, Lisbon, Portugal, August 1, 2014.

  • C. Kreisbeck, Thin-film limits of functionals on A-free vector fields and applications, XIX International Symposium on Trends in Applications of Mathematics to Mechanics (STAMM 2014), September 8 - 11, 2014, The International Society for the Interaction of Mechanics and Mathematics (ISIMM), Poitiers, France, September 9, 2014.

  • C. Kreisbeck, Thin-film limits of functionals on A-free vector fields and applications, Oberseminar ``Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften'', Universität Würzburg, Institut für Mathematik, July 16, 2014.

  • E. Rocca, ``Entropic'' solutions to a thermodynamically consistent PDE system for phase transitions and damage, Symposium on Trends in Application of Mathematics to Mechanics (STAMM), September 8 - 11, 2014, International Society for the Interaction of Mechanics and Mathematics (ISIMM), Poitiers, France, September 9, 2014.

  • S. Heinz, Analysis and numerics of a phase-transformation model, 13th GAMM Seminar on Microstructures, January 17 - 18, 2014, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Mechanik - Materialtheorie, January 18, 2014.

  • M. Liero, On dissipation distances for reaction-diffusion equations --- The Hellinger--Kantorovich distance, Workshop ``Entropy Methods, PDEs, Functional Inequalities, and Applications'', June 30 - July 4, 2014, Banff International Research Station for Mathematical Innovation and Discovery (BIRS), Canada, July 1, 2014.

  • M. Liero, On dissipation distances for reaction-diffusion equations --- The Hellinger--Kantorovich distance, RIPE60 -- Rate Independent Processes and Evolution Workshop, June 24 - 26, 2014, Prague, Czech Republic, June 24, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, (Non)local interfaces and minimal surfaces, International Conference on ``Nonlinear Phenomena in Biology'', March 5 - 7, 2014, Helmholtz Zentrum München -- Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt, March 5, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Concentrating solutions for a nonlocal Schroedinger equation, Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations and Stochastic Methods, June 7 - 11, 2014, University of Jyväskylä, Finland, June 10, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Concentration phenomena for nonlocal equation, Méthodes Géométriques et Variationnelles pour des EDPs Non-linéaires, September 1 - 5, 2014, Université C. Bernard, Lyon 1, Institut C. Jordan, France, September 2, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Concentration solutions for a nonlocal Schroedinger equation, Kinetics, Non Standard Diffusion and the Mathematics of Networks: Emerging Challenges in the Sciences, May 7 - 16, 2014, The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Mathematics, USA, May 14, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Dislocation dynamics and fractional equations, Analysis Seminar, Heriot-Watt University of Edinburgh, London, UK, October 31, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Dislocation dynamics and fractional equations, Analysis Seminar, University of Texas at Austin Mathematics, USA, November 5, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Dislocation dynamics in crystals, Recent Advances in Non-local and Non-linear Analysis: Theory and Applications, June 10 - 14, 2014, FIM -- Institute for Mathematical Research, ETH Zuerich, Switzerland, June 13, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Dislocation dynamics in crystals, Geometry and Analysis Seminar, Columbia University, Department of Mathematics, New York City, USA, April 3, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Dislocation dynamics in crystals, Seminari di Analisi Matematica, Università di Torino, Dipartimento di Matematica ``Giuseppe Peano'', Italy, December 18, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Gradient estimates and symmetry results in anisotropic media, The 10th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, Special Session 76: Viscosity, Nonlinearity and Maximum Principle, July 7 - 11, 2014, Madrid, Spain, July 8, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlinear PDEs, Spring School on Nonlinear PDEs, March 24 - 27, 2014, INdAM Istituto Nazionale d'Alta Matematica, Sapienza -- Università di Roma, Italy.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal equations and applications, Seminario de Ecuaciones Diferenciales, Universidad de Granada, IEMath-Granada, Spain, November 28, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal minimal surfaces, The 10th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, Special Session 96: Geometric Variational Problems with Associated Stability Estimates, July 7 - 11, 2014, Madrid, Spain, July 8, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal minimal surfaces and free boundary problems, Geometric Aspects of Semilinear Elliptic and Parabolic Equations: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives, May 25 - 30, 2014, Banff International Research Station for Mathematical Innovation and Discovery, Calgary, Canada, May 27, 2014.

  • E. Valdinoci, Nonlocal problems in analysis and geometry, December 1 - 5, 2014, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Departamento de Matemáticas, Spain.

  • E. Valdinoci, Some nonlocal aspects of partial differential equations and free boundary problems, Institutskolloquium, Weierstrass Institut Berlin (WIAS), January 13, 2014.

  • D. Knees, A quasilinear differential inclusion for viscous and rate-independent damage systems in non-smooth domains, Analysis & Stochastics Seminar, Technische Universität Dresden, Institut für Analysis, January 16, 2014.

  • M. Thomas, A stress-driven local-solution approach to quasistatic brittle delamination, The 10th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, Special Session 91: Variational Methods for Evolution Equations, July 7 - 11, 2014, Madrid, Spain, July 7, 2014.

  • M. Thomas, Existence & stability results for rate-independent processes in viscoelastic materials, Applied Mathematics Seminar, Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Matematica, Italy, March 18, 2014.

  • M. Thomas, Existence and stability results for rate-independent processes in viscoelastic materials, Women in Partial Differential Equations & Calculus of Variations Workshop, March 6 - 8, 2014, University of Oxford, Mathematical Institute, UK, March 6, 2014.

  • M. Thomas, GENERIC for solids with dissipative interface processes, 85th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2014), GAMM Juniors' Poster Session, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, March 10 - 14, 2014.

  • M. Thomas, Rate-independent systems with viscosity and inertia: Existence and evolutionary Gamma-convergence, Workshop ``Variational Methods for Evolution'', December 14 - 20, 2014, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, December 18, 2014.

  • M. Thomas, Rate-independent, partial damage in thermo-viscoelastic materials, 7th International Workshop on Multi-Rate Processes & Hysteresis, 2nd International Workshop on Hysteresis and Slow-Fast Systems (MURPHYS-HSFS-2014), April 7 - 11, 2014, WIAS Berlin, April 8, 2014.

  • M. Thomas, Rate-independent, partial damage in thermo-viscoelastic materials with inertia, International Workshop ``Variational Modeling in Solid Mechanics'', September 22 - 24, 2014, University of Udine, Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Italy, September 23, 2014.

  • M. Thomas, Rate-independent, partial damage in thermo-viscoelastic materials with inertia, Oberseminar ``Analysis und Angewandte Mathematik'', Universität Kassel, Institut für Mathematik, December 1, 2014.

  • M. Thomas, Stress-driven local-solution approach to quasistatic brittle delamination, 85th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2014), Session on Applied Analysis, March 10 - 14, 2014, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, March 11, 2014.

  • A. Mielke, Evolutionary Gamma convergence and amplitude equations, 85th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2014), Session on Applied Analysis, March 10 - 14, 2014, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, March 13, 2014.

  • A. Mielke, Generalized gradient structures for reaction-diffusion systems, Applied Mathematics Seminar, Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Matematica, Italy, June 17, 2014.

  • A. Mielke, Gradient structures and dissipation distances for reaction-diffusion systems, Seminar ``Analysis of Fluids and Related Topics'', Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, USA, March 6, 2014.

  • A. Mielke, Modeling jumps in rate-independent systems using balanced-viscosity solutions, 7th International Workshop on Multi-Rate Processes & Hysteresis, 2nd International Workshop on Hysteresis and Slow-Fast Systems (MURPHYS-HSFS-2014), April 7 - 11, 2014, WIAS Berlin, April 8, 2014.

  • A. Mielke, On gradient structures and dissipation distances for reaction-diffusion systems, Kolloquium ``Angewandte Mathematik'', Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Department Mathematik, July 3, 2014.

  • A. Mielke, On gradient structures for reaction-diffusion systems, Joint Analysis Seminar, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen (RWTH), Institut für Mathematik, February 4, 2014.

  • A. Mielke, A reaction-diffusion equation as a Hellinger--Kantorovich gradient flow, ERC Workshop on Optimal Transportation and Applications, October 27 - 31, 2014, Centro di Ricerca Matematica ``Ennio De Giorgi'', Pisa, Italy, October 29, 2014.

  • S. Neukamm, Characterization and approximation of macroscopic properties in elasticity with homogenization, 4th British-German Frontiers of Science Symposium, Potsdam, March 6 - 9, 2014.

  • S. Neukamm, Characterization and approximation of macroscopic properties with homogenization, 4th British-German Frontiers of Science Symposium, March 6 - 9, 2014, Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung, Potsdam, March 7, 2014.

  • S. Neukamm, Homogenization of nonlinear bending plates, Workshop ``Relaxation, Homogenization, and Dimensional Reduction in Hyperelasticity'', March 25 - 27, 2014, Université Paris-Nord, France, March 26, 2014.

  • S. Neukamm, Homogenization of slender structures in small-strain regimes, 14th Dresden Polymer Discussion, Meißen, May 25 - 28, 2014.

  • H. Stephan, Inequalities for Markov operators and applications to forward and backward PDEs, The 10th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, Special Session 88: Stochastic Processes and Spectral Theory for Partial Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, July 7 - 11, 2014, Madrid, Spain, July 8, 2014.

  • K. Disser, Entropic gradient structures for reversible Markov chains and the passage to Wasserstein Fokker--Planck, Workshop for the Initiation of the GAMM Activity Group ``Analysis of Partial Differential Equations'', Regensburg, October 1 - 2, 2013.

  • K. Disser, On gradient structures for Markov chains and the passage to Wasserstein gradient flows, BMS Intensive Course on Evolution Equations and their Applications, November 27 - 29, 2013, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin Mathematical School, November 28, 2013.

  • K. Disser, Passage to the limit of the entropic gradient structure of reversible Markov processes to the Wasserstein Fokker--Planck equation, Oberseminar Analysis, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Institut für Mathematik, Halle, November 20, 2013.

  • P. Gussmann, Linearized elasticity as $Gamma$-limit of finite elasticity in the case of cracks, 84th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Section ``Applied Analysis'', March 18 - 22, 2013, University of Novi Sad, Serbia, March 20, 2013.

  • CH. Heinemann, Analysis of degenerating Cahn--Hilliard systems coupled with complete damage processes, 2013 CNA Summer School, Center for Nonlinear Analysis, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA, May 30 - June 7, 2013.

  • CH. Heinemann, Degenerating Cahn--Hilliard systems coupled with complete damage processes, DIMO2013 -- Diffuse Interface Models, Levico Terme, Italy, September 10 - 13, 2013.

  • CH. Heinemann, On a PDE system describing damage processes and phase separation, Oberseminar Analysis, Universität Augsburg, July 11, 2013.

  • S. Heinz, On a way to control oscillations for a special evolution equation, Conference ``Nonlinearities'', June 10 - 14, 2013, University of Warsaw, Institute of Mathematics, Male Ciche, Poland, June 11, 2013.

  • M. Liero, Gradient structures and geodesic convexity for reaction-diffusion system, SIAM Conference on Mathematical Aspects of Materials Science (MS13), Minisymposium ``Material Modelling and Gradient Flows'' (MS100), June 9 - 12, 2013, Philadelphia, USA, June 12, 2013.

  • M. Liero, On gradient structures for drift-reaction-diffusion systems and Markov chains, Analysis Seminar, University of Bath, Mathematical Sciences, UK, November 21, 2013.

  • S. Neukamm, Quantitative results in stochastic homogenization, sc Matheon Multiscale Seminar, Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, June 27, 2013.

  • S. Neukamm, Quantitative results in stochastic homogenization, Oberseminar Analysis, Technische Universität Dresden, Fakultät Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften, June 13, 2013.

  • H. Abels, J. Daube, Ch. Kraus, D. Kröner, Sharp interface limit for the Navier--Stokes--Korteweg model, DIMO2013 -- Diffuse Interface Models, Levico Terme, Italy, September 10 - 13, 2013.

  • D. Knees, A vanishing viscosity approach to a rate-independent damage model, Seminar ``Wissenschaftliches Rechnen'', Technische Universität Dortmund, Fachbereich Mathematik, January 31, 2013.

  • D. Knees, Crack evolution models based on the Griffith criterion, Workshop on Mathematical Aspects of Continuum Mechanics, October 12 - 14, 2013, The Japan Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Kanazawa, Japan, October 13, 2013.

  • D. Knees, Global spatial regularity for elasticity models with cracks and contact, Journées Singulières Augmentées 2013, August 26 - 30, 2013, Université de Rennes 1, France, August 27, 2013.

  • D. Knees, Global spatial regularity results for crack with contact and application to a fracture evolution model, Oberseminar Nichtlineare Analysis, Universität Köln, Mathematisches Institut, October 28, 2013.

  • D. Knees, Modeling and analysis of crack evolution based on the Griffith criterion, Nonlinear Analysis Seminar, Keio University of Science, Yokohama, Japan, October 9, 2013.

  • D. Knees, On energy release rates for nonlinearly elastic materials, Workshop on Mathematical Aspects of Continuum Mechanics, October 12 - 14, 2013, The Japan Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Kanazawa, Japan, October 12, 2013.

  • CH. Kraus, Damage and phase separation processes: Modeling and analysis of nonlinear PDE systems, DIMO2013 -- Diffuse Interface Models, September 10 - 13, 2013, Levico Terme, Italy, September 11, 2013.

  • CH. Kraus, Modeling and analysis of a nonlinear PDE system for phase separation and damage, Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Matematica, Italy, January 22, 2013.

  • CH. Kraus, Sharp interface limit of a diffuse interface model of Navier--Stokes--Allen--Cahn type for mixtures, Workshop ``Hyperbolic Techniques for Phase Dynamics'', June 10 - 14, 2013, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, June 11, 2013.

  • M. Thomas, Damage and delamination processes in thermo-viscoelastic materials, 84th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Young Reserchers' Minisymposium ``Analytical and Engineering Aspects in the Material Modeling of Solids'', March 18 - 22, 2013, University of Novi Sad, Serbia, March 19, 2013.

  • M. Thomas, Existence & fine properties of solutions for rate-independent brittle damage models, 84th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, GAMM Juniors Poster Exhibition, Novi Sad, Serbia, March 18 - 22, 2013.

  • M. Thomas, Local versus energetic solutions in rate-independent brittle delamination, DIMO2013 -- Diffuse Interface Models, September 10 - 13, 2013, Levico Terme, Italy, September 13, 2013.

  • M. Thomas, A stress-driven local solution approach to quasistatic brittle delamination, BMS Intensive Course on Evolution Equations and their Applications, November 27 - 29, 2013, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin Mathematical School, November 29, 2013.

  • M. Thomas, A stress-driven local solution approach to quasistatic brittle delamination, Seminar on Functional Analysis and Applications, International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, November 12, 2013.

  • M. Thomas, Existence & fine properties of solutions for rate-independent brittle damage models, Workshop for the Initiation of the GAMM Activity Group ``Analysis of Partial Differential Equations'', Regensburg, October 1 - 2, 2013.

  • H. Hanke, Derivation of an effective damage model with evolving micro-structure, Oberseminar zur Analysis, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Fachbereich Mathematik, Essen, January 29, 2013.

  • H. Hanke, Derivation of an effective damage model with non-periodic evolving micro-structure, 12th GAMM Seminar on Microstructures, February 8 - 9, 2013, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, February 9, 2013.

  • A. Mielke, Gradient structures and dissipation distances for reaction-diffusion systems, Workshop ``Material Theory'', December 16 - 20, 2013, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, December 17, 2013.

  • A. Mielke, Introduction to evolutionary Gamma convergence for gradient systems, School ``Multi-scale and Multi-field Representations of Condensed Matter Behavior'', November 25 - 29, 2013, Centro di Ricerca Matematica ``Ennio De Giorgi'', Pisa, Italy.

  • A. Mielke, Gradient structures and uniform global decay for reaction-diffusion systems, Mathematisches Kolloquium, Universität Bielefeld, Fakultät für Mathematik, April 25, 2013.

  • P. Gussmann, Linearisierte Elastizität als Grenzwert finiter Elastizität im Falle von Schlitzgebieten, Jahrestagung der Deutsche Mathematiker-Vereinigung (DMV), Studierendenkonferenz, September 17 - 20, 2012, Universität des Saarlandes, Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik, Saarbrücken, September 20, 2012.

  • CH. Heinemann, Complete damage in linear elastic materials, Variational Models and Methods for Evolution, Levico, Italy, September 10 - 12, 2012.

  • CH. Heinemann, Damage processes coupled with phase separation in elastically stressed alloys, GAMM Jahrestagung 2012 (83rd Annual Meeting), March 26 - 30, 2012, Technische Universität Darmstadt, March 27, 2012.

  • CH. Heinemann, Existence of weak solutions for rate-dependent complete damage processes, Materialmodellierungsseminar, WIAS, Berlin, October 31, 2012.

  • CH. Heinemann, Kopplung von Phasenseparation und Schädigung in elastischen Materialien, Leibniz-Doktoranden-Forum der Sektion D, Berlin, June 7 - 8, 2012.

  • M. Liero, Variational methods for evolution, ``A sc Matheon Multiscale Workshop'', Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, April 20, 2012.

  • D. Knees, Global spatial regularity for elastic fields with cracks and contract, 83th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2012), Session on Applied Analysis, March 26 - 30, 2012, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Fachbereich Mathematik, March 27, 2012.

  • CH. Kraus, A nonlinear PDE system for phase separation and damage, Universität Freiburg, Abteilung Angewandte Mathematik, November 13, 2012.

  • CH. Kraus, Cahn--Larché systems coupled with damage, Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Matematica, Italy, November 28, 2012.

  • CH. Kraus, Phase field systems for phase separation and damage processes, 12th International Conference on Free Boundary Problems: Theory and Applications, June 11 - 15, 2012, Frauenchiemsee, June 12, 2012.

  • CH. Kraus, Phasenfeldsysteme für Entmischungs- und Schädigungsprozesse, Mathematisches Kolloquium, Universität Stuttgart, Fachbereich Mathematik, May 15, 2012.

  • CH. Kraus, The Stefan problem with inhomogeneous and anisotropic Gibbs--Thomson law, 6th European Congress of Mathematics, July 2 - 6, 2012, Cracow, Poland, July 5, 2012.

  • M. Thomas, A model for rate-independent, brittle delamination in thermo-visco-elasticity, International Workshop on Evolution Problems in Damage, Plasticity, and Fracture: Mathematical Models and Numerical Analysis, September 19 - 21, 2012, University of Udine, Department of Mathematics, Italy, September 29, 2012.

  • M. Thomas, A model for rate-independent, brittle delamination in thermo-visco-elasticity, INDAM Workshop PDEs for Multiphase Advanced Materials (ADMAT2012), September 17 - 21, 2012, Cortona, Italy, September 17, 2012.

  • M. Thomas, Analytical aspects of rate-independent damage models with spatial BV-regularization, Seminar, SISSA -- International School for Advanced Studies, Functional Analysis and Applications, Trieste, Italy, November 28, 2012.

  • M. Thomas, Delamination in viscoelastic materials with thermal effects, Seminar on Applied Mathematics, Università di Brescia, Dipartimento di Matematica, Italy, March 14, 2012.

  • M. Thomas, Mathematical methods in continuum mechanics of solids, COMMAS (Computational Mechanics of Materials and Structures) Summer School, October 8 - 12, 2012, Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Mechanik (Bauwesen).

  • M. Thomas, Modellierung und Analysis von Delaminationsprozessen, Sitzung des Wissenschaftlichen Beirats des WIAS, Berlin, October 5, 2012.

  • M. Thomas, Rate-independent evolution of sets, Variational Models and Methods for Evolution, Levico, Italy, September 10 - 12, 2012.

  • H. Hanke, Derivation of an effective damage evolution model using two-scale convergence techniques, International Workshop on Evolution Problems in Damage, Plasticity, and Fracture: Mathematical Models and Numerical Analysis, September 19 - 21, 2012, University of Udine, Department of Mathematics, Italy, September 19, 2012.

  • A. Mielke, Finite-strain viscoelasticity as a gradient flow, Analysis and Applications of PDEs: An 80th Birthday Meeting for Robin Knops, December 10 - 11, 2012, International Center for Mathematical Sciences, Edinburgh, UK, December 11, 2012.

  • A. Mielke, From small-strain to finite-strain elastoplasticity via evolutionary Gamma convergence, Variational Models and Methods for Evolution, September 10 - 12, 2012, Centro Internazionale per la Ricerca Matematica (CIRM) and Istituto di Matematica Applicata e Tecnologie Informatiche/Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (IMATI-CNR), Levico, Italy, September 11, 2012.

  • A. Mielke, Multiscale gradient systems and their amplitude equations, Workshop ``Dynamics of Patterns'', December 17 - 21, 2012, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, December 18, 2012.

  • A. Mielke, On gradient flows and reaction-diffusion systems, Institutskolloquium, Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften, Leipzig, December 3, 2012.

  • A. Mielke, Small-strain elastoplasticity is the evolutionary Gamma limit of finite-strain elastoplasticity, International Symposium on Trends in Applications of Mathematics to Mechanics (STAMM 2012), September 3 - 6, 2012, Israel Institute of Technology (Technion), Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Haifa, September 4, 2012.

  • A. Mielke, Using gradient structures for modeling semiconductors, International Workshop ``Mathematics for Semiconductur Heterostructures: Modeling, Analysis, and Numerics'', September 24 - 28, 2012, WIAS Berlin, September 24, 2012.

  • S. Jansen, Large deviations for interacting many-particle systems in the Saha regime, Berlin-Leipzig Seminar on Analysis and Probability Theory, July 8, 2011, Technische Universität Clausthal, Institut für Mathematik, July 8, 2011.

  • A. Petrov, Vibrations with unilateral constraints: An overview of M. Schatzman's contributions - Part II: Deformable bodies, 7th International Congress on Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Minisymposium ``Vibrations with Unilateral Constraints'', July 18 - 22, 2011, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Vancouver, Canada, July 22, 2011.

  • S. Heinz, Regularizations and relaxations of time-continuous problems in plasticity, Workshop der Forschergruppe 797 ``Analysis and Computation of Microstructure in Finite Plasticity'', Universität Bonn, Mathematisches Institut, November 14, 2011.

  • U. Stefanelli, Evolution = Minimization?, Friday Colloquium, Berlin Mathematical School, May 27, 2011.

  • K. Götze, Starke Lösungen für die Interaktion von starren Körpern und viskoelastischen Flüssigkeiten, Lectures in Continuum Mechanics, Universität Kassel, Institut für Mathematik, November 7, 2011.

  • CH. Heinemann, Existence results for Cahn-Hilliard equations coupled with elasticity and damage, Workshop on Phase Separation, Damage and Fracture, September 21 - 23, 2011, WIAS, September 23, 2011.

  • D. Knees, A survey on energy release rates, Mini-Workshop ``Mathematical Models, Analysis, and Numerical Methods for Dynamic Fracture'', April 24 - 29, 2011, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, April 26, 2011.

  • D. Knees, On a vanishing viscosity approach for a model in damage mechanics, 82th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2011), Session on Applied Analysis, April 18 - 21, 2011, Technische Universität Graz, Austria, April 20, 2011.

  • D. Knees, A vanishing viscosity approach in fracture mechanics, Seminar on Partial Differential Equations, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Institute of Mathematics, Prague, March 1, 2011.

  • D. Knees, Numerical convergence analysis for a vanishing viscosity model in fracture mechanics, 10th GAMM Seminar on Microstructures, January 20 - 22, 2011, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Fachbereich Mathematik, January 21, 2011.

  • W. König, Eigenvalue order statistics and mass concentration in the parabolic Anderson model, Berlin-Leipzig Seminar on Analysis and Probability Theory, Technische Universität Clausthal, Institut für Mathematik, July 8, 2011.

  • CH. Kraus, Diffuse interface systems for phase separation and damage, Seminar on Partial Differential Equations, Institute of Mathematics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, May 3, 2011.

  • CH. Kraus, Phase separation systems coupled with elasticity and damage, ICIAM 2011, July 18 - 22, 2011, Vancouver, Canada, July 18, 2011.

  • A. Mielke, Multiscale problems in systems driven by functionals, ISAM-TopMath Summer School 2011 on Variational Methods, September 12 - 16, 2011, Technische Universität München, Fakultät für Mathematik.

  • M. Thomas, From damage to delamination, 82th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2011), Session on Damage and Fracture Mechanics, April 18 - 21, 2011, Technische Universität Graz, Austria, April 21, 2011.

  • M. Thomas, Modeling and analysis of rate-independent damage and delamination processes, 19th International Conference on Computer Methods in Mechanics, Minisymposium ``Growth Phenomena and Evolution of Microstructures. Applications in Solids'', May 9 - 12, 2011, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland, May 11, 2011.

  • D. Knees, A vanishing viscosity approach in damage mechanics, Workshop ``Variational Methods for Evolution'', December 5 - 10, 2011, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, December 5, 2011.

  • M. Thomas, Delamination in viscoelastic materials with thermal effects, Oberseminar ``Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften'', Universität Würzburg, Institut für Mathematik, November 24, 2011.

  • A. Mielke, Mathematical approaches to thermodynamic modeling, Autumn School on Mathematical Principles for and Advances in Continuum Mechanics, November 7 - 12, 2011, Centro di Ricerca Matematica ``Ennio De Giorgi'', Pisa, Italy.

  • A. Petrov, Viscoelastodynamic problem with Signorini boundary conditions, 81th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2010), Session on Applied Analysis, March 22 - 26, 2010, Universität Karlsruhe, March 25, 2010.

  • CH. Kraus, An inhomogeneous, anisotropic and elastically modified Gibbs-Thomson law as singular limit of a diffuse interface model, 81st Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM), March 22 - 26, 2010, Karlsruhe, March 23, 2010.

  • CH. Kraus, Inhomogeneous and anisotropic phase-field quantities in the sharp interface limit, 6th Singular Days 2010, April 29 - May 1, 2010, WIAS, Berlin, April 30, 2010.

  • A. Mielke, A mathematical model for the evolution of microstructures in elastoplasticity, Fifth International Conference on Multiscale Materials Modeling, Symposium on Mathematical Methods, October 4 - 8, 2010, Fraunhofer Institut für Werkstoffmechanik (IWM), Freiburg, October 4, 2010.

  • A. Mielke, Approaches to finite-strain elastoplasticity, SIAM Conference on Mathematical Aspects of Materials Science (MS10), May 23 - 26, 2010, Philadelphia, USA, May 23, 2010.

  • A. Mielke, Gradient structures for reaction-diffusion systems and semiconductor equations, 81th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2010), Session on Applied Analysis, March 22 - 26, 2010, Universität Karlsruhe, March 24, 2010.

  • H. Stephan, Evolution equations conserving positivity, Colloquium of Centre for Analysis, Scientific Computing and Applications (CASA), Technische Universiteit Einhoven, Netherlands, April 21, 2010.

  • S. Heinz, A model for the evolution of laminates, 80th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2009), Young Researchers Minisymposium ``Mathematics and Mechanics of Microstructure Evolution in Finite Plasticity'', February 9 - 13, 2009, Gdansk University of Technology, Poland, February 10, 2009.

  • S. Heinz, The evolution of laminates, 8th GAMM Seminar on Microstructures, January 15 - 17, 2009, Universität Regensburg, NWF-I Mathematik, January 17, 2009.

  • A. Petrov, On existence for viscoelastodymanic problems with unilateral boundary conditions, 80th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2009), Session ``Applied analysis'', February 9 - 13, 2009, Gdansk University of Technology, Poland, February 10, 2009.

  • A. Petrov, On the error estimates for space-time discretizations of rate-independent processes, 8th GAMM Seminar on Microstructures, January 15 - 17, 2009, Universität Regensburg, NWF-I Mathematik, January 17, 2009.

  • A. Petrov, On the numerical approximation of a viscoelastic problem with unilateral constrains, 7th EUROMECH Solid Mechanics Conference (ESMC2009), Minisymposium on Contact Mechanics, September 7 - 11, 2009, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal, September 8, 2009.

  • H.-Chr. Kaiser, Transient Kohn--Sham theory, Jubiläumssymposium ``Licht -- Materialien -- Modelle'' (100 Jahre Innovation aus Adlershof), Berlin-Adlershof, September 7 - 8, 2009.

  • J. Polzehl, Sequential multiscale procedures for adaptive estimation, The 1st Institute of Mathematical Statistics Asia Pacific Rim Meeting, June 28 - July 1, 2009, Seoul National University, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, Korea (Republic of), July 1, 2009.

  • A. Petrov, Some mathematical results for a model of thermally-induced phase transformations in shape-memory materials, sc Matheon--ICM Workshop on Free Boundaries and Materials Modeling, March 17 - 18, 2008, WIAS, March 18, 2008.

  • CH. Kraus, A phase-field model with anisotropic surface tension in the sharp interface limit, Second GAMM-Seminar on Multiscale Material Modelling, July 10 - 12, 2008, Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Mechanik (Bauwesen), July 12, 2008.

  • CH. Kraus, Ein Phasenfeldmodell vom Cahn-Hilliard-Typ im singulären Grenzwert, Oberseminar Analysis, Universität Regensburg, Fakultät für Mathematik, April 25, 2008.

  • CH. Kraus, Phase field models and corresponding Gibbs--Thomson laws. Part II, SIMTECH Seminar Multiscale Modelling in Fluid Mechanics, Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Numerische Simulation, November 5, 2008.

  • A. Petrov, On the convergence for kinetic variational inequality to quasi-static variational inequality with application to elastic-plastic systems with hardening, 6th International Congress on Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM), July 16 - 20, 2007, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, July 17, 2007.

  • A. Petrov, Thermally driven phase transformation in shape-memory alloys, Workshop ``Analysis and Numerics of Rate-Independent Processes'', February 26 - March 2, 2007, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, February 27, 2007.

  • CH. Kraus, On jump conditions at phase interfaces, Oberseminar über Angewandte Mathematik, December 10 - 15, 2007, Universität Freiburg, Abteilung für Angewandte Mathematik, December 11, 2007.

  • A. Petrov, Mathematical result on the stability of elastic-plastic systems with hardening, European Conference on Smart Systems, October 26 - 28, 2006, Researching Training Network "New Materials, Adaptive Systems and their Nonlinearities: Modelling, Control and Numerical Simulation" within the European Commission's 5th Framework Programme, Rome, Italy, October 27, 2006.

  • CH. Kraus, Equilibrium conditions for liquid-vapor system in the sharp interface limit, Seminar Thermodynamische Modellierung und Analyse von Phasenübergängen, WIAS, Berlin, July 18, 2006.

  • CH. Kraus, Equilibria conditions in the sharp interface limit of the van der Waals-Cahn-Hilliard phase model, Recent Advances in Free Boundary Problems and Related Topics (FBP2006), September 14 - 16, 2006, Levico, Italy, September 14, 2006.

  • CH. Kraus, The sharp interface limit of the van der Waals--Cahn--Hilliard model, Polish-German Workshop ``Modeling Structure Formation'', Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, Poland, September 8, 2006.

  • CH. Kraus, On the sharp limit of the Van der Waals-Cahn-Hilliard model, WIAS Workshop ``Dynamic of Phase Transitions'', November 30 - December 3, 2005, Berlin, December 2, 2005.

  • CH. Kraus, On the sharp limit of the Van der Waals-Cahn-Hilliard model, Workshop ``Micro-Macro Modeling and Simulation of Liquid-Vapor Flows'', November 16 - 18, 2005, Universität Freiburg, Mathematisches Institut, Kirchzarten, November 17, 2005.

  • CH. Kraus, Maximale Konvergenz in höheren Dimensionen, Seminar Thermodynamische Modellierung und Analyse von Phasenübergängen, WIAS, Berlin, May 24, 2005.

  • H.-Chr. Kaiser, Modeling and quasi-3D simulation of indium grains in (In,Ga)N/GaN quantum wells by means of density functional theory, Physikalisches Kolloquium, Brandenburgische Technische Universität, Lehrstuhl Theoretische Physik, Cottbus, February 15, 2005.

  • H.-Chr. Kaiser, Quasi-3D simulation of multi-excitons by means of density functional theory, Oberseminar ``Numerik/Wissenschaftliches Rechnen'', Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften, Leipzig, January 11, 2005.

  • H.-Chr. Kaiser, Spectral resolution of a velocity field on the boundary of a Lipschitz domain, 2nd Joint Meeting of AMS, DMV, ÖMG, June 16 - 19, 2005, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz, June 16, 2005.

  • H.-Chr. Kaiser, Density functional theory for multi-excitons in quantum boxes, ``Molecular Simulation: Algorithmic and Mathematical Aspects'', Institut Henri Poincaré, Paris, France, December 1 - 3, 2004.

  External Preprints

  • D.A. Gomes, S. Patrizi, Obstacle mean-field game problem, Preprint no. arXiv:1410.6942, Cornell University Library, arXiv.org, 2014.
    Abstract
    In this paper, we introduce and study a first-order mean-field game obstacle problem. We examine the case of local dependence on the measure under assumptions that include both the logarithmic case and power-like nonlinearities. Since the obstacle operator is not differentiable, the equations for first-order mean field game problems have to be discussed carefully. Hence, we begin by considering a penalized problem. We prove this problem admits a unique solution satisfying uniform bounds. These bounds serve to pass to the limit in the penalized problem and to characterize the limiting equations. Finally, we prove uniqueness of solutions.

  • S. Neukamm, A. Gloria, F. Otto, An optimal quantitative two-scale expansion in stochastic homogenization of discrete elliptic equations, Preprint no. 41, Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften, 2013.
    Abstract
    We establish an optimal, linear rate of convergence for the stochastic homogenization of discrete linear elliptic equations. We consider the model problem of independent and identically distributed coefficients on a discretized unit torus. We show that the difference between the solution to the random problem on the discretized torus and the first two terms of the two-scale asymptotic expansion has the same scaling as in the periodic case. In particular the L2-norm in probability of the H1-norm in space of this error scales like ε, where ε is the discretization parameter of the unit torus. The proof makes extensive use of previous results by the authors, and of recent annealed estimates on the Greens function by Marahrens and the third author.

  • D. Knees, Griffith-formula and J-integral for a crack in a power-law hardening material, Preprint no. 2005/12, Universität Stuttgart, SFB 404, 2005.