In the area of production, there is a huge demand for planning and optimization tools that allow for an accelerated replanning and reconfiguration of complex production facilities. In this context, the key words are "digital factory" or "Industry 4.0", which represents the transition to a connected, widely selforganized industrial production. This interconnectivity allows not only for the optimization of individual production steps, but also of the entire value chain.
Research Group 4 coordinates a special interest group in the European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry (ECMI) on "Math for the Digital Factory".
The main objectives are
 reconfigurable, adaptive and evolving factories capable of small scale production
 high performance production, combining flexibility, productivity, precision and zero defect
 energy and resource efficiency in manufacturing
All of these goals require a thorough modelling of all aspects of the process chain together with a multiscale simulation and optimization of complex production processes.
At WIAS, simulation and optimal control for various production processes were and are investigated in several applied projects, for example in steel production and manufacturing. The efficient simulation of the processes as well as the determination of optimal process parameters is of main interest, which in practice can usually only be determined with the aid of time and costintensive experiments. The applications include:
 Simulation and optimization of induction tube welding for the production of steel pipes
 (Multifrequency) induction hardening of complex shaped workpieces, e.g. gears
 Prevention of crack formation during the flame cutting of steel plates
 Investigation of turbulent flow in the area of secondary metallurgy
 Optimal control of the production of multiphase steel
 Optimum design of rotor blades
The following applicationoriented projects deal with the simulation, optimization and optimal control of production processes
 SPP 1886: Multiscale failure analysis with polymorphic uncertainties for optimal design of rotor blades,
duration: 01/01/2017  31/12/2019
Link  MIMESIS: Mathematics and materials science for steel production and manufacturing,
duration: 01/10/2015  30/09/2019
Link  MeFreSim: Modelling, Simulation and Optimization of MultiFrequency Induction Hardening as Part of Modern Production,
duration: 01/07/2010  31/08/2013
Link  SPP1204: Simulation and control of phase transitions and mechanical properties during hotrolling of multiphase steel,
Laufzeit: 01/10/2006  30/06/2012
Link  SPP1180: Design of a simulation tool to identify stable milling processes,
duration: 01/05/2005  30/04/2011
Link
Publications
Monographs

P. Deuflhard, M. Grötschel, D. Hömberg, U. Horst, J. Kramer, V. Mehrmann, K. Polthier, F. Schmidt, Ch. Schütte, M. Skutella, J. Sprekels, eds., MATHEON  Mathematics for Key Technologies, 1 of EMS Series in Industrial and Applied Mathematics, European Mathematical Society Publishing House, Zurich, 2014, 453 pages, (Collection Published).

B. Denkena, D. Hömberg, E. Uhlmann, Mathematik für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fabrikautomatisierung, in: Produktionsfaktor Mathematik. Wie Mathematik Technik und Wirtschaft bewegt, M. Grötschel, K. Lucas, V. Mehrmann, eds., acatech diskutiert, acatech, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008, pp. 279299, (Chapter Published).
Articles in Refereed Journals

K. Sturm, M. Hintermüller, D. Hömberg, Distortion compensation as a shape optimisation problem for a sharp interface model, Computational Optimization and Applications. An International Journal, 64 (2016) pp. 557588.
Abstract
We study a mechanical equilibrium problem for a material consisting of two components with different densities, which allows to change the outer shape by changing the interface between the subdomains. We formulate the shape design problem of compensating unwanted workpiece changes by controlling the interface, employ regularity results for transmission problems for a rigorous derivation of optimality conditions based on the speed method, and conclude with some numerical results based on a spline approximation of the interface. 
D. Hömberg, Q. Liu, J. MontalvoUrquizo, D. Nadolski, Th. Petzold, A. Schmidt, A. Schulz, Simulation of multifrequencyinductionhardening including phase transitions and mechanical effects, Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 121 (2016) pp. 86100.
Abstract
Induction hardening is a well known method for the heat treatment of steel components. With the concept of multifrequency hardening, where currents with two different frequency components are provided on a single inductor coil, it is possible to optimize the hardening zone to follow a given contour, e.g. of a gear. In this article, we consider the simulation of multifrequency induction hardening in 3D. The equations to solve are the vector potential formulation of Maxwell's equations describing the electromagnetic fields, the balance of momentum to determine internal stresses and deformations arising from thermoelasticity and transformation induced plasticity, a rate law to determine the distribution of different phases and the heat equation to determine the temperature distribution in the workpiece. The equations are solved using adaptive finite element methods. The simulation results are compared to experiments for discs and for gears. A very good agreement for the hardening profile and the temperature is observed. It is also possible to predict the distribution of residual stresses after the heat treatment. 
TH. Petzold, D. Hömberg, D. Nadolski, A. Schulz, H. Stiele, Adaptive FiniteElementeSimulation des MehrfrequenzInduktionshärtens, HTM Journal for Heat Treatment and Materials, 70 (2015) pp. 3339.

D. Hömberg, Th. Petzold, E. Rocca, Analysis and simulations of multifrequency induction hardening, Nonlinear Analysis. Real World Applications. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 22 (2015) pp. 8497.
Abstract
We study a model for induction hardening of steel. The related differential system consists of a time domain vector potential formulation of the Maxwell's equations coupled with an internal energy balance and an ODE for the volume fraction of austenite, the high temperature phase in steel. We first solve the initial boundary value problem associated by means of a Schauder fixed point argument coupled with suitable apriori estimates and regularity results. Moreover, we prove a stability estimate entailing, in particular, uniqueness of solutions for our Cauchy problem. We conclude with some finite element simulations for the coupled system. 
W. Bleck, D. Hömberg, U. Prahl, P. Suwanpinij, N. Togobytska, Optimal control of a cooling line for production of hot rolled dual phase steel, Steel Research International, 85 (2014) pp. 13281333.
Abstract
In this article, the optimal control of a cooling line for production of dual phase steel in a hot rolling process is discussed. In order to achieve a desired dual phase steel microstructure an optimal cooling strategy has to be found. The cooling strategy should be such that a desired final distribution of ferrite in the steel slab is reached most accurately. This problem has been solved by means of mathematical control theory. The results of the optimal control of the cooling line have been verified in hot rolling experiments at the pilot hot rolling mill at the Institute for Metal Forming (IMF), TU Bergakademie Freiberg. 
A. Fügenschuh, B. Geissler, Ch. Hayn, R. Henrion, B. Hiller, J. Humpola, Th. Koch ET AL., Mathematical optimization for challenging network planning problems in unbundled liberalized gas markets, Energy Systems, 5 (2014) pp. 449473.

D. Hömberg, S. Lu, K. Sakamoto, M. Yamamoto, Parameter identification in nonisothermal nucleation and growth processes, Inverse Problems. An International Journal on the Theory and Practice of Inverse Problems, Inverse Methods and Computerized Inversion of Data, 30 (2014) pp. 035003/1035003/24.
Abstract
We study nonisothermal nucleation and growth phase transformations, which are described by a generalized Avrami model for the phase transition coupled with an energy balance to account for recalescence effects. The main novelty of our work is the identification of temperature dependent nucleation rates. We prove that such rates can be uniquely identified from measurements in a subdomain and apply an optimal control approach to develop a numerical strategy for its computation. 
K. Chełminski, D. Hömberg, O. Rott, On a thermomechanical milling model, Nonlinear Analysis. Real World Applications. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 12 (2011) pp. 615632.
Abstract
This paper deals with a new mathematical model to characterize the interaction between machine and workpiece in a milling process. The model consists of a harmonic oscillator equation for the dynamics of the cutter and a linear thermoelastic workpiece model. The coupling through the cutting force adds delay terms and further nonlinear effects. After a short derivation of the governing equations it is shown that the complete system admits a unique weak solution. A numerical solution strategy is outlined and complemented by numerical simulations of stable and unstable cutting conditions. 
A. Fasano, D. Hömberg, D. Naumov, On a mathematical model for laserinduced thermotherapy, Applied Mathematical Modelling. Simulation and Computation for Engineering and Environmental Systems. Elsevier Science Inc., New York, NY. English, English abstracts., 34 (2010) pp. 38313840.
Abstract
We study a mathematical model for laserinduced thermotherapy, a minimally invasive cancer treatment. The model consists of a diffusion approximation of the radiation transport equation coupled to a bioheat equation and a model to describe the evolution of the coagulated zone. Special emphasis is laid on a refined model of the applicator device, accounting for the effect of coolant flow inside. Comparisons between experiment and simulations show that the model is able to predict the experimentally achieved temperatures reasonably well. 
D. Hömberg, Ch. Meyer, J. Rehberg, W. Ring, Optimal control for the thermistor problem, SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization, 48 (2010) pp. 34493481.
Abstract
This paper is concerned with the stateconstrained optimal control of the twodimensional thermistor problem, a quasilinear coupled system of a parabolic and elliptic PDE with mixed boundary conditions. This system models the heating of a conducting material by means of direct current. Existence, uniqueness and continuity for the state system are derived by employing maximal elliptic and parabolic regularity. By similar arguments the linearized state system is discussed, while the adjoint system involving measures is investigated using a duality argument. These results allow to derive firstorder necessary conditions for the optimal control problem. 
A. Fasano, D. Hömberg, L. Panizzi, A mathematical model for case hardening of steel, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 19 (2009) pp. 21012126.
Abstract
A mathematical model for the case hardening of steel is presented. Carbon is dissolved in the surface layer of a lowcarbon steel part at a temperature sufficient to render the steel austenitic, followed by quenching to form a martensitic microstructure. The model consists of a nonlinear evolution equation for the temperature, coupled with a nonlinear evolution equation for the carbon concentration, both coupled with two ordinary differential equations to describe the evolution of phase fractions. We investigate questions of existence and uniqueness of a solution and finally present some numerical simulations. 
D. Hömberg, D. Kern, The heat treatment of steel  A mathematical control problem, Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik, 40 (2009) pp. 438442.
Abstract
The goal of this paper is to show how the heat treatment of steel can be modelled in terms of a mathematical optimal control problem. The approach is applied to laser surface hardening and the cooling of a steel slab including mechanical effects. Finally, it is shown how the results can be utilized in industrial practice by a coupling with machinebased control. 
D. Hömberg, N. Togobytska, M. Yamamoto, On the evaluation of dilatometer experiments, Applicable Analysis. An International Journal, 88 (2009) pp. 669681.
Abstract
The goal of this paper is a mathematical investigation of dilatometer experiments to measure the kinetics of solidsolid phase transitions in steel upon cooling from the high temperature phase. Usually, the data are only used for measuring the start and end temperature of the phase transition. In the case of several coexisting product phases, lavish microscopic investigations have to be performed to obtain the resulting fractions of the different phases. In contrast, we show that the complete phase transition kinetics including the final phase fractions are uniquely determined by the dilatometer data and present some numerical identification results. 
K. Chełminski, D. Hömberg, D. Kern, On a thermomechanical model of phase transitions in steel, Advances in Mathematical Sciences and Applications, 18 (2008) pp. 119140.

P. Suwanpinij, N. Togobytska, Ch. Keul, W. Weiss, U. Prahl, D. Hömberg, W. Bleck, Phase transformation modeling and parameter identification from dilatometric investigations, Steel Research International, 79 (2008) pp. 793799.
Abstract
The goal of this paper is to propose a new approach towards the evaluation of dilatometric results, which are often employed to analyse the phase transformation kinetics in steel, especially in terms of continuous cooling transformation (CCT) diagram. A simple task of dilatometry is deriving the start and end temperatures of the phase transformation. It can yield phase transformation kinetics provided that plenty metallographic investigations are performed, whose analysis is complicated especially in case of several coexisting product phases. The new method is based on the numerical solution of a thermomechanical identification problem. It is expected that the phase transformation kinetics can be derived by this approach with less metallographic tasks. The first results are remarkably promising although further investigations are required for the numerical simulations. 
H. Alder, D. Hömberg, W. Weiss, Simulationsbasierte Regelung der Laserhärtung von Stahl, HTM Zeitschrift für Werkstoffe. Wärmebehandlung. Fertigung, 61 (2006) pp. 103108.

D. Hömberg, W. Weiss, PID control of laser surface hardening of steel, IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, 14 (2006) pp. 896904.

D. Hömberg, A mathematical model for induction hardening including mechanical effects, Nonlinear Analysis. Real World Applications. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 5 (2004) pp. 5590.

D. Hömberg, J. Sokolowski, Optimal shape design of inductor coils for induction hardening, SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization, 42 (2003) pp. 10871117.

D. Hömberg, S. Volkwein, Control of laser surface hardening by a reducedorder approach using proper orthogonal decomposition, Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 38 (2003) pp. 10031028.
Contributions to Collected Editions

Q. Liu, Th. Petzold, D. Nadolski, R. Pulch, Simulation of thermomechanical behavior subjected to induction hardening, in: Scientific Computing in Electrical Engineering, SCEE 2014, Wuppertal, Germany, July 2014, A. Bartel, M. Clemens, M. Günther, E.J.W. TER Maten, eds., 23 of Mathematics in Industry, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Cham, 2016, pp. 133142.

CH. Landry, M. Gerdts, R. Henrion, D. Hömberg, W. Welz, Collisionfree path planning of welding robots, in: Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2012, M. Fontes, M. Günther, N. Marheineke, eds., 19 of Mathematics in Industry, Springer, Cham et al., 2014, pp. 251256.

T. Bosse, R. Henrion, D. Hömberg, Ch. Landry, H. Leövey ET AL., C2  Nonlinear programming with applications to production processes, in: MATHEON  Mathematics for Key Technologies, M. Grötschel, D. Hömberg, J. Sprekels, V. Mehrmann ET AL., eds., 1 of EMS Series in Industrial and Applied Mathematics, European Mathematical Society Publishing House, Zurich, 2014, pp. 171187.

C. Carstensen, M. Hintermüller, D. Hömberg, F. Tröltzsch, C  Production, in: MATHEON  Mathematics for Key Technologies, M. Grötschel, D. Hömberg, J. Sprekels, V. Mehrmann ET AL., eds., 1 of EMS Series in Industrial and Applied Mathematics, European Mathematical Society Publishing House, Zurich, 2014, pp. 151153.

M. Hintermüller, D. Hömberg, O. Klein, J. Sprekels, F. Tröltzsch, C4  PDEconstrained optimization with industrial applications, in: MATHEON  Mathematics for Key Technologies, M. Grötschel, D. Hömberg, J. Sprekels, V. Mehrmann ET AL., eds., 1 of EMS Series in Industrial and Applied Mathematics, European Mathematical Society Publishing House, Zurich, 2014, pp. 207222.

D. Hömberg, E. Rocca, Th. Petzold, Multifrequency induction hardening  A challenge for industrial mathematics, in: The Impact of Applications on Mathematics  Proceedings of the Forum of Mathematics for Industry 2013, M. Wakayama, ed., 1 of Mathematics for Industry, Springer, Tokyo et al., 2014, pp. 257264.

D. Hömberg, Th. Petzold, Modelling and simulation of multifrequency induction hardening of steel parts, in: Proceedings of the International Scientific Colloquium ``Modelling for Electromagnetic Processing'', MEP 2014, E. Baake, B. Nacke, eds., Leibniz University of Hannover, 2014, pp. 245250.

D. Hömberg, S. Lu, K. Sakamoto, M. Yamamoto, Nucleation rate identification in binary phase transition, in: The Impact of Applications on Mathematics  Proceedings of the Forum of Mathematics for Industry 2013, M. Wakayama, ed., 1 of Mathematics for Industry, Springer, Tokyo et al., 2014, pp. 227243.

L. Panizzi, A. Fasano, D. Hömberg, Modeling, analysis and simulations of case hardening of steel, in: Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2008, A. Fitt, J. Norbury, H. Ockendon, E. Wilson, eds., 15 of Mathematics in Industry, Springer, Berlin et al., 2010, pp. 965970.

P. Rasper, O. Rott, D. Hömberg, E. Uhlmann, Analysis of uncertainties in the stability prediction for milling processes, in: Conference Proceedings, CIRP 2nd International Conference ``Process Machine Interactions'', June 1011, 2010, Vancouver (CD), Y. Altintas, B. Denkena, Ch. Brecher, eds., 2010, pp. M18/1M18/12.

D. Hömberg, O. Rott, Modeling, analysis and stability of milling processes including workpiece effects, in: Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2008, A. Fitt, J. Norbury, H. Ockendon, E. Wilson, eds., 15 of Mathematics in Industry, Springer, Berlin et al., 2010, pp. 493498.

O. Rott, P. Rasper, D. Hömberg, E. Uhlmann, A milling model with thermal effects including the dynamics of machine and work piece, B. Denkena, ed., Proceedings, 1st International Conference on Process Machine Interactions, Hannover, September 34, 2008, PZH Produktionstechnisches Zentrum GmbH, Garbsen, 2008, pp. 369378.
Abstract
This paper deals with the development of a new mathematical model that characterizes the structureprocess interaction for a complex milling system. The structure is divided into a work piece and a machine part, which are represented by different models. While the machine dynamics is characterized by a standard multibody system, the work piece is described as a linear thermoelastic continuum. The coupling of both parts is carried out by an empirical process model permitting an estimate of heat and coupling forces occurring during milling. This work reports the derivation of the governing equations emphasizing the coupling and summarizes the numerical algorithms being applied to solve the coupled equation system. The results of numerical simulations that show the dynamics of the complex thermomechanical system are presented at the end. 
D. Hömberg, D. Kern, The heat treatment of steel  A mathematical control problem, in: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Distortion Engineering  IDE 2008, 1719 September 2008, Bremen, Germany, H.W. Zoch, Th. Lübben, eds., IWT, Bremen, 2008, pp. 201209.

CH. Meyer, D. Hömberg, J. Rehberg, W. Ring, Optimal control of the thermistor problem, in: Optimal Control of Coupled Systems of PDE, Workshop, March 28, 2008, 5 of Oberwolfach Reports, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2008, pp. 624626.

D. Hömberg, D. Kern, W. Weiss, Die Wärmebehandlung von Stahl  ein Optimierungsproblem, in: Distortion Engineering  Verzugsbeherrschung in der Fertigung III , 3 of Sonderforschungsbereich 570, Universität Bremen, Kolloquium, 2006, pp. 3955.

M. Anthonissen, D. Hömberg, W. Weiss, Realtime control of surface remelting, in: Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2004, A. Di Bucchianico, R.M.M. Mattheij, M.A. Peletier, eds., 8 of Mathematics in Industry, Springer, 2005, pp. 356360.

D. Hömberg, S. Volkwein, W. Weiss, Optimal control strategies for the surface hardening of steel, in: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Thermal Process Modelling and Computer Simulation, S. Denis, P. Archambault, J.M. Bergheau, R. Fortunier, eds., 120 of J. Physique IV, EDP Sciences, 2004, pp. 325335.
Preprints, Reports, Technical Reports

L. Adam, M. Hintermüller, Th.M. Surowiec, A PDEconstrained optimization approach for topology optimization of strained photonic devices, Preprint no. 2377, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2377 .
Abstract, PDF (936 kByte)
Recent studies have demonstrated the potential of using tensilestrained, doped Germanium as a means of developing an integrated light source for (amongst other things) future microprocessors. In this work, a multimaterial phasefield approach to determine the optimal material configuration within a socalled GermaniumonSilicon microbridge is considered. Here, an “optimal" configuration is one in which the strain in a predetermined minimal optical cavity within the Germanium is maximized according to an appropriately chosen objective functional. Due to manufacturing requirements, the emphasis here is on the crosssection of the device; i.e. a socalled aperture design. Here, the optimization is modeled as a nonlinear optimization problem with partial differential equation (PDE) and manufacturing constraints. The resulting problem is analyzed and solved numerically. The theory portion includes a proof of existence of an optimal topology, differential sensitivity analysis of the displacement with respect to the topology, and the derivation of first and secondorder optimality conditions. For the numerical experiments, an array of first and secondorder solution algorithms in functionspace are adapted to the current setting, tested, and compared. The numerical examples yield designs for which a significant increase in strain (as compared to an intuitive empirical design) is observed. 
D. Hömberg, O. Rott, K. Sturm, Discretisation and error analysis for a mathematical model of milling processes, Preprint no. 2364, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2364 .
Abstract, PDF (565 kByte)
We investigate a mathematical model for milling where the cutting tool dynamics is considered together with an elastic workpiece model. Both are coupled by the cutting forces consisting of two dynamic components representing vibrations of the tool and of the workpiece, respectively, at the present and previous tooth periods. We develop a numerical solution algorithm and derive error estimates both for the semidiscrete and the fully discrete numerical scheme. Numerical computations in the last section support the analytically derived error estimates. 
D. Hömberg, F.S. Patacchini, K. Sakamoto, J. Zimmer, A revisited JohnsonMehlAvramiKolmogorov model and the evolution of grainsize distributions in steel, Preprint no. 2283, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (4673 kByte)
The classical JohnsonMehlAvramiKolmogorov approach for nucleation and growth models of diffusive phase transitions is revisited and applied to model the growth of ferrite in multiphase steels. For the prediction of mechanical properties of such steels, a deeper knowledge of the grain structure is essential. To this end, a FokkerPlanck evolution law for the volume distribution of ferrite grains is developed and shown to exhibit a lognormally distributed solution. Numerical parameter studies are given and confirm expected properties qualitatively. As a preparation for future work on parameter identification, a strategy is presented for the comparison of volume distributions with area distributions experimentally gained from polished micrograph sections. 
M.H. Farshbaf Shaker, Ch. Heinemann, Necessary conditions of firstorder for an optimal boundary control problem for viscous damage processes in 2D, Preprint no. 2269, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (464 kByte)
Controlling the growth of material damage is an important engineering task with plenty of real world applications. In this paper we approach this topic from the mathematical point of view by investigating an optimal boundary control problem for a damage phasefield model for viscoelastic media. We consider nonhomogeneous Neumann data for the displacement field which describe external boundary forces and act as control variable. The underlying hyberbolicparabolic PDE system for the state variables exhibit highly nonlinear terms which emerge in context with damage processes. The cost functional is of tracking type, and constraints for the control variable are prescribed. Based on recent results from [M. H. FarshbafShaker, C. Heinemann: A phase field approach for optimal boundary control of damage processes in twodimensional viscoelastic media. Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci. 25 (2015), 27492793], where globalintime wellposedness of strong solutions to the lower level problem and existence of optimal controls of the upper level problem have been established, we show in this contribution differentiability of the controltostate mapping, wellposedness of the linearization and existence of solutions of the adjoint state system. Due to the highly nonlinear nature of the state system which has by our knowledge not been considered for optimal control problems in the literature, we present a very weak formulation and estimation techniques of the associated adjoint system. For mathematical reasons the analysis is restricted here to the twodimensional case. We conclude our results with firstorder necessary optimality conditions in terms of a variational inequality together with PDEs for the state and adjoint state system.
Talks, Poster

C. Löbhard, An ddaptive discontinuous Galerkin method for a parabolic optimal control problem with state constraints . . ., Workshop on Optimization of Infinite Dimensional NonSmooth Distributed Parameter Systems, October 4  6, 2017, Darmstadt, October 4, 2017.

C. Löbhard, Spacetime discretization of a parabolic optimal control problem with state constraints, 18th FrenchGermanItalian Conference on Optimization, September 25  28, 2017, Paderborn, September 26, 2017.

R. Henrion, On Mstationnary condition for a simple electricity spot market model, Workshop ``Variational Analysis and Applications for Modelling of Energy Exchange'', May 4  5, 2017, Université Perpignan, France, May 4, 2017.

M. Hintermüller, Adaptive finite element solvers for MPECs in function space, SIAM Conference on Optimization, Minisymposium MS122 ``Recent Trends in PDE Constrained Optimization'', May 22  25, 2017, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, May 25, 2017.

M. Hintermüller, Nonsmooth structures in PDE constrained optimization, Optimization Seminar, Chinese Academy of Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Scientific and Engineering Computing, Beijing, China, June 6, 2017.

M. Hintermüller, Optimal control of multiphase fluids based on non smooth models, 14th International Conference on Free Boundary Problems: Theory and Applications, Theme Session 8 ``Optimization and Control of Interfaces'', July 9  14, 2017, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China, July 10, 2017.

D. Hömberg, Mathematical aspects of multifrequency induction heating, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Instituto Superior Técnico, Portugal, February 2, 2017.

TH. Petzold, The MIMESIS project  An example for an interdisciplinary research project, LeibnizKolleg for Young Researchers: Chances and Challenges of Interdisciplinary Research, Thematic Workshop ``Models and Modelling'', November 9  11, 2016, LeibnizGemeinschaft, Berlin, November 9, 2016.

M.H. Farshbaf Shaker, AllenCahn MPECs, WIASPGMO Workshop on Nonsmooth and Stochastic Optimization with Applications to Energy Management, May 10  12, 2016, WIAS Berlin, May 11, 2016.

M. Hintermüller, Optimal control of multiphase fluids and droplets, Salzburg Mathematics Colloquium, Universität Salzburg, Fachbereich Mathematik, Austria, June 9, 2016.

M. Hintermüller, Recent trends in optimal control problems with nonsmooth structures, Computational Methods for Control of Infinitedimensional Systems, March 14  18, 2016, Institute for Mathematics and its Applications, Minneapolis, USA, March 14, 2016.

D. Hömberg, Analysis and simulation of Joule heating problems, Mathematisches Kolloquium, Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Fachgruppe Mathematik und Informatik, June 21, 2016.

D. Hömberg, European Industrial Doctorates  A funding opportunity for collaboration with industry, Math Meets Industry, September 22  23, 2016, Trondheim, Norway, September 22, 2016.

D. Hömberg, European collaboration in Industrial and Applied Mathematics, The 19th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry (ECMI 2016), Minisymposium 38 ``Maths in HORIZON 2020 and Beyond'', June 13  17, 2016, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 15, 2016.

D. Hömberg, Math for steel production and manufacturing, MACSI10  Empowering Industrial Mathematical and Statistical Modelling for the Future, December 8  9, 2016, University of Limerick, Ireland, December 9, 2016.

D. Hömberg, Modelling and simulation of multifrequency induction hardening, Fifth Chilean Workshop on Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations (WONAPDE 2016), January 11  15, 2016, Universidad de Concepción, Chile, January 14, 2016.

D. Hömberg, Multifrequency induction hardening  Modelling and simulation, FraunhoferInstitut für Techno und Wirtschaftsmathematik, Kaiserslautern, May 17, 2016.

D. Hömberg, Modelling, analysis and simulation of multifrequency induction hardening, XXIV Congress on Differential Equations and Applications (CEDYA)/XIV Congress on Applied Mathematics (CMA), June 8  12, 2015, Universidad de Cádiz, Spain, June 11, 2015.

D. Hömberg, Nucleation, growth, and grain size evolution in multiphase materials, INdAM Workshop ``Special Materials in Complex Systems  SMaCS 2015'', May 18  22, 2015, Rome, Italy, May 21, 2015.

D. Hömberg, Optimal coefficient control for semilinear parabolic equations, Fudan University, School of Mathematical Sciences, Shanghai, China, March 10, 2015.

D. Hömberg, The digital factory  A perspective for a closer cooperation between math and industry, Workshop ``Mathematics and Computer Science in Practice: Potential and Reality'', December 9  11, 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, December 9, 2015.

TH. Petzold, Adaptive FiniteElementeSimulation des MehrfrequenzInduktionshärtens in 3D, HärtereiKongress, October 22  24, 2014, Köln, October 23, 2014.

TH. Petzold, Finite element simulations and experiments for multifrequency induction hardening, IUTAM Symposium on ThermomechanicalElectromagnetic Coupling in Solids: Microstructural and Stability Aspect, June 16  18, 2014, Paris, France, June 18, 2014.

TH. Petzold, Modelling and simulation of multifrequency induction hardening of steel parts, 7th International Scientific Colloquium ``Modelling for Electromagnetic Processing'' (MEP 2014), September 16  19, 2014, Leibniz Universität Hannover, September 19, 2014.

TH. Petzold, Modelling and simulation of multifrequency induction hardening for gear components, The 18th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry 2014 (ECMI 2014), Minisymposium ``Recent Trends in Modelling, Analysis, and Simulation of Induction Heat Treatments'', June 9  13, 2014, Taormina, Italy, June 13, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Modelling and simulation of multifrequency induction hardening, Ecole Polytechnique, Laboratoire de Mécanique des Solides, Palaiseau, France, March 13, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Modelling, analysis and simulation of multifrequency induction hardening, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Trondheim, October 21, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Modelling, simulation and control of surface heat treatments, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, Trondheim, October 31, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Models of induction hardening  An FK limited approach, RIPE60  Rate Independent Processes and Evolution Workshop, June 24  26, 2014, Prague, Czech Republic, June 25, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Multifrequency induction hardening  Modelling, analysis, and simulation, Fudan University, School of Mathematical Sciences, Shanghai, China, March 4, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Nucleation, growth, and grain size evolution in dual phase steels, Workshop ``Recent Developments and Challenges in Interface and Free Boundary Problems'', March 25  28, 2014, University of Warwick, UK, March 26, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Nucleation, growth, and grain size evolution in dual phase steels, The 18th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry 2014 (ECMI 2014), Minisymposium 37: Simulation and Control of Hotrolling, June 9  13, 2014, Taormina, Italy, June 9, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Nucleation, growth, and grain size evolution in dual phase steels, Wrocław University of Technology, Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Poland, July 1, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Oberflächenbearbeitung mit Mathematik, Opel Innovation Day, Rüsselsheim, November 7, 2014.

D. Hömberg, Optimal control and shape design problems in thermomechanics, BMSWIAS Summer School ``Applied Analysis for Materials'', August 25  September 5, 2014, Berlin Mathematical School, Technische Universität Berlin, September 1, 2014.

J. Rehberg, Maximal parabolic regularity on strange geometries and applications, Joint Meeting 2014 of the German Mathematical Society (DMV) and the Polish Mathematical Society (PTM), September 17  20, 2014, Adam Mickiewicz University, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Poznan, Poland, September 18, 2014.

TH. Petzold, Modelling and simulation of multifrequency induction hardening of steel parts, sc Matheon Multiscale Seminar, Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, January 24, 2013.

D. Hömberg, Modelling, analysis and simulation of multifrequency induction hardening, Forum MathforIndustry 2013 ``The Impact of Applications on Mathematics'', November 4  8, 2013, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, November 7, 2013.

TH. Petzold, Finite element simulations of induction hardening of steel parts, University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, Japan, March 6, 2012.

CH. Landry, Timeoptimal control for robot motion planning, Universität Bayreuth, Lehrstuhl für Ingenieurmathematik, June 6, 2011.

N. Togobytska, Simulation, Optimierung und Regelung von Gefügebildung und mechanischen Eigenschaften beim Warmwalzen von Mehrphasenstählen, 9. Kolloquium zum DFG SPP 1204 ``Algorithmen zur schnellen, werkstoffgerechten Prozesskettengestaltung und analyse in der Umformtechnik'', Siegen, April 6, 2011.

N. Togobytska, Simulation, optimisation and control of microstructure evolution and mechanical properties during hot rolling of multiphase steels, 10. Kolloquium zum DFG SPP 1204 ``Algorithmen zur schnellen, werkstoffgerechten Prozesskettengestaltung und analyse in der Umformtechnik'', Freiberg, November 8, 2011.

CH. Landry, A minimum time control problem for the collisionfree robot motion planning, 82th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2011), Session on Optimal Control and Applications, April 18  21, 2011, Technische Universität Graz, Austria, April 20, 2011.

CH. Landry, A backface culling to speed up the resolution of an optimal control problem in robot motion planning, ENUMATH 2011, September 5  9, 2011, University of Leicester, UK, September 5, 2011.

CH. Landry, Pathplanning with collision avoidance in automotive industry, 25th IFIP TC 7 Conference on System Modeling and Optimization, September 12  16, 2011, Technische Universität Berlin, September 16, 2011.

CH. Landry, How to avoid collisions between translating robots, Summer School ``Optimal Control of Partial Differential Equations'', July 12  17, 2010, Cortona, Italy, July 15, 2010.

O. Rott, An iterative method for the multipliers of periodic delaydifferential equations and the analysis of a PDE milling model, 9th IFAC Workshop on Time Delay Systems, June 7  9, 2010, Czech Technical University, Prague, Czech Republic, June 8, 2010.

O. Rott, Analysis of uncertainties in the stability prediction for milling processes, 2nd International Conference ``Process Machine Interactions'', June 10  11, 2010, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, June 11, 2010.

N. Togobytska, An inverse problem for laserinduced thermotherapy arising in tumor tissue imaging, Chemnitz Symposium on Inverse Problems 2010, September 23  24, 2010, September 24, 2010.

N. Togobytska, Simulation, Optimierung und Regelung von Gefügebildung und mechanischen Eigenschaften beim Warmwalzen von Mehrphasenstählen, 8. Kolloquium zum DFG SPP 1204 ``Algorithmen zur schnellen, werkstoffgerechten Prozesskettengestaltung und analyse in der Umformtechnik'', Aachen, November 10, 2010.

D. Hömberg, Coupling of process, machine, and workpiece in production processes  A challenge for industrial mathematics, Warsaw Seminar on Industrial Mathematics (WSIM'10), March 18  19, 2010, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland, March 19, 2010.

D. Hömberg, Modelling, simulation and control of phase transformations in steel, Nippon Steel Corporation, Chiba, Japan, September 10, 2010.

D. Hömberg, Multiphase steels, heat treatment and distortion  Mathematical challenges in steel production and manufacturing, Summer School ``High Performance Computing'' (organizer: TU Ilmenau), September 29  October 2, 2010, Upstalsboom Hotel Friedrichshain, Berlin, September 30, 2010.

D. Hömberg, Steel manufacturing  A challenge for applied mathematics, Universität DuisburgEssen, Fachbereich Mathematik, May 11, 2010.

D. Kern, Optimal control of a thermomechanical model including transformation induced plasticity, SIAM Conference on Control and its Applications, July 6  8, 2009, Denver, USA, July 8, 2009.

N. Togobytska, Parameter identification for the phase transformations in steel, Conference on Applied Inverse Problems 2009, July 20  24, 2009, University of Vienna, Austria, July 21, 2009.

N. Togobytska, Parameter identification from dilatometric investigations, SIAM Conference on Control and its Applications, July 6  8, 2009, Denver, USA, July 8, 2009.

N. Togobytska, Simulation, Optimierung und Regelung von Gefügebildung und mechanischen Eigenschaften beim Warmwalzen von Mehrphasenstählen, 8. Kolloquium zum DFG SPP 1204 ``Algorithmen zur schnellen, werkstoffgerechten Prozesskettengestaltung und analyse in der Umformtechnik'', WIAS Berlin, June 23, 2009.

D. Hömberg, Coupling of process, machine, and workpiece in production processes  A challenge for industrial mathematics, Workshop ``Industrial Mathematics and its Practice'', February 23  24, 2009, University of Tokyo, Japan, February 23, 2009.

D. Hömberg, Die Wärmebehandlung von Stahl  Thermomechanische Modellierung, Simulation und Optimierung, Technische Universität Dortmund, Fakultät Maschinenbau, January 22, 2009.

D. Hömberg, Direct and inverse problems related to phase transitions and distortion in modern multiphase steels, Workshop ``Mathematical Models and Analytical Problems for Special Materials'', July 9  11, 2009, Università degli Studi di Brescia, Italy, July 9, 2009.

D. Hömberg, Distortion compensation  An optimal control approach, 24th IFIP TC 7 Conference on System Modelling and Optimization, July 27  31, 2009, Buenos Aires, Argentina, July 27, 2009.

D. Hömberg, Interactions between machine, workpiece, and process dynamics in milling machines, SIAM Conference on Mathematics for Industry: Challenges and Frontiers (MI09), October 9  10, 2009, San Francisco, USA, October 9, 2009.

D. Hömberg, Optimal control of heat treatments and stability of milling processes  Two case studies from industrial mathematics, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Mechanical Engineering Department, USA, October 7, 2009.

D. Hömberg, The mathematics of distortion, University of Delaware, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Newark, USA, October 6, 2009.

O. Rott, A milling model with thermal effects including the dynamics of machine and workpiece, 1st International Conference on Process Machine Interactions (PMI 2008), September 3  4, 2008, Leibniz Universität Hannover, September 3, 2008.

O. Rott, Modeling, analysis and stability of milling processes including workpiece effects, The European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry (ECMI 2008), June 30  July 4, 2008, University College, London, UK, July 3, 2008.

O. Rott, Numerical solution of a milling model including thermoelastic workpiece effects, Universität Dortmund, Fachbereich für Mathematik, June 23, 2008.

O. Rott, Parameter für ein MKSModell einer Fräsmaschine, DFG SPP 1180 Workshop ``Parameteridentifikation bei Werkzeugmaschinen'', February 21  22, 2008, WIAS Berlin, February 22, 2008.

O. Rott, Semiimplizite Zeitintegration eines gekoppelten Systems aus partiellen und gewöhnlichen Differentialgleichungen mit Retardierung, DFG SPP 1180 Workshop ``Modellierungstechnologien'', May 29  30, 2008, Dresden, May 30, 2008.

N. Togobytska, On the evaluation of the dilatometer experiments, Chemnitz Symposium on Inverse Problems 2008, September 25  26, 2008, September 25, 2008.

N. Togobytska, Simulation, Optimierung und Regelung von Gefügebildung und mechanischen Eigenschaften beim Warmwalzen von Mehrphasenstählen, Antragskolloquium zum DFG Schwerpunktprogramm 1204/2, Bonn, May 20, 2008.

W. Bleck, D. Hömberg, Ch. Keul, U. Prahl, P. Suwanpinij, N. Togobytska, Simulation, Optimierung und Regelung von Gefügebildung und mechanischen Eigenschaften beim Warmwalzen von Mehrphasenstählen, Workshop ``MEFORM 2008: Simulation von Umformprozessen'', Freiberg, March 26  28, 2008.

D. Hömberg, Modellierung und Optimierung der Gefügeumwandlung in niedrig legierten Stählen und Anwendungen, Salzgitter Mannesmann Forschung GmbH, February 19, 2008.

D. Hömberg, On a mathematical model for highspeed milling including the dynamics of machine and workpiece, Conference ``Direct, Inverse and Control Problems for PDE's'' (DICOP 08), September 22  26, 2008, Cortona, Italy, September 26, 2008.

D. Hömberg, Prozesskette Stahl, Workshop of scshape Matheon with Siemens AG (Industry Sector) in cooperation with Center of Knowledge Interchange (CKI) of Technische Universität (TU) Berlin and Siemens AG, TU Berlin, September 29, 2008.

D. Hömberg, Solidsolid phase transitions  Analysis, optimal control and industrial application, Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Mathematics and Information Science, Poland, February 14, 2008.

D. Hömberg, The heat treatment of steel  A mathematical control problem, 2nd International Conference on Distortion Engineering 2008, September 17  19, 2008, Bremen, September 19, 2008.

D. Kern, Optimal control of a thermomechanical model of phase transitions in steel, 13th CzechFrenchGerman Conference on Optimization, September 17  21, 2007, Heidelberg, September 20, 2007.

W. Weiss, Control of laser surface hardening, 6th International Congress on Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM 2007), July 16  20, 2007, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, July 19, 2007.

W. Weiss, Simulationsbasierte Regelung der Laserhärtung von Stahl, RuhrUniversität Bochum, Institut für Werkstoffe, May 30, 2007.

D. Hömberg, D. Kern, Optimal control of a thermomechanical model of phase transitions in steel, 6th International Congress on Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM 2007), July 16  20, 2007, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, July 19, 2007.

D. Hömberg, Mathematical tools for the simulation and control of heat treatments, Delphi, Puerto Real, Spain, January 16, 2007.

D. Hömberg, Mathematics for complex production processes, Comau, Turin, Italy, March 23, 2007.

D. Hömberg, Mathematics for steel production and manufacturing, Nippon Steel, Kimitsu, Japan, March 1, 2007.

D. Hömberg, On a thermomechanical phase transition model for the heat treatment of steel, Universidad de Cádiz, Departamento de Matemáticas, Puerto Real, Spain, January 15, 2007.

D. Hömberg, On a thermomechanical phase transition model for the heat treatment of steel, Fudan University, Department of Mathematics, Shanghai, China, March 5, 2007.

D. Hömberg, Optimal control of semilinear parabolic equations and an application to laser material treatments (part I), University of Tokyo, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Japan, February 21, 2007.

D. Hömberg, Optimal control of semilinear parabolic equations and an application to laser material treatments (part II), University of Tokyo, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Japan, February 22, 2007.

D. Hömberg, Phase transition models for multiphase steels, Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshop ``Problems Related to the Manufacture of Multiphase Steels'', University of Oxford, Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, UK, November 2, 2007.

D. Hömberg, Solidsolid phase transitions in steel  modeling, simulation and optimal control, Universitá di Pavia, Dipartimento di Matematica, Italy, March 27, 2007.

D. Hömberg, Thermomechanical phase transition models  analysis, optimal control and industrial applications, University of Oxford, Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, UK, October 11, 2007.

D. Hömberg, Die Wärmebehandlung von Stahl  ein Optimierungsproblem, Universität Bremen, SFB 570 ``Distortion Engineering'', March 2, 2006.

D. Hömberg, Laser surface hardening  modelling, simulation and optimal control, 4th KoreanGerman Seminar on Applied Mathematics and Physics, September 24  October 1, 2006, Erlangen, September 26, 2006.

D. Hömberg, Modellierung, Simulation und Optimierung der Wärmebehandlung von Stahl, Endress+Hauser Flowtec AG, Reinach, Switzerland, May 15, 2006.

D. Hömberg, Optimal control of a thermomechanical phase transition model, 12th IEEE International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics, August 28  31, 2006, Miedzyzdroje, Poland, August 29, 2006.

D. Hömberg, Optimal control of laser material treatments, 21st European Conference on Operational Research (EURO XXI), July 3  5, 2006, Reykjavik, Iceland, July 3, 2006.

D. Hömberg, Phasenübergänge in Stahl, Summer School ``Simulation und Anwendungen von Mikrostrukturen'', August 14  18, 2006, Föhr.

D. Hömberg, Thermomechanical models of phase transitions  modelling, control and industrial applications, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Departamento de Matématica, Quito, Ecuador, November 13, 2006.

D. Hömberg, A thermomechanical phase transition model for the surface hardening of steel, International Conference ``Free Boundary Problems: Theory and Applications'', June 7  12, 2005, Coimbra, Portugal, June 11, 2005.

D. Hömberg, Control of laser material treatments, SIAM Conference on Mathematics for Industry, October 24  26, 2005, Detroit Marriott Renaissance Center, USA, October 25, 2005.

D. Hömberg, Die Laserhärtung von Stahl  Modellierung, Analysis und optimale Steuerung, Universität Bayreuth, Mathematisches Institut, June 30, 2005.

D. Hömberg, Entwicklung eines Prognosetools zur Identifizierung von stabilen Fräsprozessen, DFG SPP 1180, Garbsen, May 19, 2005.

D. Hömberg, Laser material treatments  modeling, simulation, and optimal control, Michigan State University, Department of Mathematics, East Lansing, USA, October 27, 2005.

D. Hömberg, Modelling, simulation and control of laser material treatments, Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy, November 22, 2005.

D. Hömberg, On a thermomechanical model of surface heat treatments, EQUADIFF 11 International conference on differential equations, July 25  29, 2005, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia, July 28, 2005.

D. Hömberg, Optimal control of solidsolid phase transitions including mechanical effects, Workshop ``Optimal Control of Coupled Systems of PDE'', April 17  23, 2005, Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, April 22, 2005.

D. Hömberg, Von der Stahlhärtung bis zur Krebstherapie  Simulations und Optimierungsaufgaben in Lehre und Forschung, FEMLAB Konferenz 2005, November 3  4, 2005, Frankfurt am Main, November 3, 2005.

D. Hömberg, Modellierung, Analysis und optimale Steuerung der Lasermaterialbearbeitung, Kolloquium der Angewandten Mathematik, Universität Münster, December 3, 2004.

D. Hömberg, Modelling, simulation and control issues in laserinduced thermotherapy, 13th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry (ECMI 2004), June 21  25, 2004, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands, June 22, 2004.

D. Hömberg, On a thermomechanical model of phase transitions in steel, INdAM Workshop ``Dissipative Models in Phase Transitions'', September 5  11, 2004, Cortona, Italy, September 10, 2004.

D. Hömberg, On a thermomechanical model of surface heat treatments, University of Tokyo, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Japan, October 14, 2004.

D. Hömberg, Optimal control of laser surface hardening, University of Chiba, Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Japan, October 19, 2004.

D. Hömberg, Simulation und Optimierung der Lasermaterialbearbeitung, Seminar des Forschungsschwerpunktes Photonik, Technische Universität Berlin, Optisches Institut, June 18, 2004.

D. Hömberg, The induction hardening of steel  Modelling, analysis and optimal design of inductor coils, University of Kyoto, Department of Mathematics, Japan, October 21, 2004.

D. Hömberg, Thermoelastische Phasenübergänge in Stahl, HumboldtUniversität zu Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, May 13, 2004.

D. Hömberg, Widerstandsschweißen und Oberflächenhärtung von Stahl  Modellierung, Analysis und optimale Steuerung, Colloquium of Sfb 393, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Institut für Mathematik, February 13, 2004.

D. Hömberg, A mathematical model for capacitor resistance welding, 5th International Congress on Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM 2003), July 7  11, 2003, Sydney, Australia, July 10, 2003.

D. Hömberg, Optimal design of inductor coils, 5th International Congress on Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM 2003), July 7  11, 2003, Sydney, Australia, July 10, 2003.

D. Hömberg, Surface hardening of steel  Part I: Optimal design of inductor coils, 9th IEEE International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics, August 25  28, 2003, Miedzyzdroje, Poland, August 26, 2003.
Contact
Contributing Groups of WIAS
Mathematical Context
 Algorithms for the generation of 3D boundary conforming Delaunay meshes
 Analysis of Partial Differential Equations and Evolutionary Equations
 Direct and inverse problems for the Maxwell equations
 Direct and inverse problems in thermomechanics
 Functional analysis and operator theory
 Numerical Methods for PDEs with Stochastic Data
 Optimal control of partial differential equations and nonlinear optimization
 Systems of partial differential equations: modeling, numerical analysis and simulation