Towards time-limited $H_2$-optimal model order reduction
- Goyal, Pawan
- Redmann, Martin
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 15A16 15A24 93A15
- model order reduction, linear systems, H_2-optimality, Gramians, Slyvester equations
In order to solve partial differential equations numerically and accurately, a high order spatial discretization is usually needed. Model order reduction (MOR) techniques are often used to reduce the order of spatially-discretized systems and hence reduce computational complexity. A particular class of MOR techniques are H_2-optimal methods such as the iterative rational Krylov subspace algorithm (IRKA) and related schemes. However, these methods are used to obtain good approximations on a infinite time-horizon. Thus, in this work, our main goal is to discuss MOR schemes for time-limited linear systems. For this, we propose an alternative time-limited H_2-norm and show its connection with the time-limited Gramians. We then provide first-order optimality conditions for an optimal reduced order model (ROM) with respect to the time-limited H_2-norm. Based on these optimality conditions, we propose an iterative scheme which upon convergences aims at satisfying these conditions. Then, we analyze how far away the obtained ROM is from satisfying the optimality conditions. We test the efficiency of the proposed iterative scheme using various numerical examples and illustrate that the newly proposed iterative method can lead to a better reduced-order compared to unrestricted IRKA in the time interval of interest.