Shape derivatives for the scattering by biperiodic gratings
- Rathsfeld, Andreas
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 78A45 35J20 49J20
- biperiodic grating, time-harmonic Maxwell's equation, shape gradient
Usually, the light diffraction by biperiodic grating structures is simulated by the time-harmonic Maxwell system with a constant magnetic permeability. For the optimization of the geometry parameters of the grating, a functional is defined which depends quadratically on the efficiencies of the reflected modes. The minimization of this functional by gradient based optimization schemes requires the computation of the shape derivatives of the functional with respect to the parameters of the geometry. Using classical ideas of shape calculus, formulas for these parameter derivatives are derived. In particular, these derivatives can be computed as material derivatives corresponding to a family of transformations of the underlying domain. However, the energy space $H(rm curl)$ for the electric fields is not invariant with respect to the transformation of geometry. Therefore, the formulas are derived first for the magnetic field vectors which belong to $[H^1]^3$. Afterwards, the magnetic fields in the shape-derivative formula are replaced by their electric counter parts. Numerical tests confirm the derived formulas.
- Appl. Numer. Math., 72 (2013) pp. 19--32.