WIAS Preprint No. 969, (2004)

Analysis of nonlocal neural fields for both general and gamma-distributed connectivities



Authors

  • Hutt, Axel
  • Atay, Fatihcan M.

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 45J05 92C2

2008 Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme

  • 02.50.Sk 05.45.Xt 05.10.-a

Keywords

  • Nonlocal neural activity, space-dependent delay, stability analysis

Abstract

This work studies the stability of spatially extended neuronal ensembles. We first derive the model equation from statistical properties of the neuron population. The obtained integro-differential equation considers synaptic and space-dependent transmission delay for both general and gamma-distributed synaptic connectivities. The latter connectivity type reveals infinite, finite and vanishing self-connectivities. The work derives conditions for stationary and nonstationary instabilities for both kernel types. In addition, a nonlinear analysis for general kernels yields the order parameter equation of the Turing instability. To compare the results to findings for partial differential equations (PDEs), two typical PDE-types are derived from the examined model equation. In case of the gamma-distributed kernels, the stability conditions are formulated in terms of the mean excitatory and inhibitory interaction ranges. As a novel finding, we obtain Turing instabilities in fields with local inhibition-lateral excitation, while wave instabilities occur in fields with local excitation and lateral inhibition. Numerical simulations support the analytical results.

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