WIAS Preprint No. 2915, (2022)

Macroscopic loops in the Bose gas, Spin O(N) and related models


  • Quitmann, Alexandra
  • Taggi, Lorenzo

2020 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 82B27 60K35 82B20


  • Spin systems, Bose--Einstein condensation, random loop models, phase transitions, statistical mechanics




We consider a general system of interacting random loops which includes several models of interest, such as the textitSpin O(N) model, textitrandom lattice permutations, a version of the textitinteracting Bose gas in discrete space and of the textitloop O(N) model. We consider the system in ℤd, d ≥ 3, and prove the occurrence of macroscopic loops whose length is proportional to the volume of the system. More precisely, we approximate ℤd by finite boxes and, given any two vertices whose distance is proportional to the diameter of the box, we prove that the probability of observing a loop visiting both is uniformly positive. Our results hold under general assumptions on the interaction potential, which may have bounded or unbounded support or introduce hard-core constraints.

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