Publications
Monographs

A. Mielke, Chapter 3: On Evolutionary $Gamma$Convergence for Gradient Systems, in: Macroscopic and Large Scale Phenomena: Coarse Graining, Mean Field Limits and Ergodicity, A. Muntean, J.D.M. Rademacher, A. Zagaris, eds., 3 of Lecture Notes in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Cham, 2016, pp. 187249, (Chapter Published).
Abstract
In these notes we discuss general approaches for rigorously deriving limits of generalized gradient flows. Our point of view is that a generalized gradient system is defined in terms of two functionals, namely the energy functional E_{ε} and the dissipation potential R_{ε} or the associated dissipation distance. We assume that the functionals depend on a small parameter and the associated gradients systems have solutions u_{ε}. We investigate the question under which conditions the limits u of (subsequences of) the solutions u_{ε} are solutions of the gradient system generated by the Γlimits E_{0} and R_{0}. Here the choice of the right topology will be crucial as well as additional structural conditions.
We cover classical gradient systems, where R_{ε} is quadratic, and rateindependent systems as well as the passage from viscous to rateindependent systems. Various examples, such as periodic homogenization, are used to illustrate the abstract concepts and results. 
W. König, J. Sprekels, eds., Karl Weierstraß (18151897): Aspekte seines Lebens und Werkes  Aspects of his Life and Work, Mathematik  Analysis, Springer Spektrum, Wiesbaden, 2016, xv+289 pages, (Collection Published).
Abstract
Der Berliner Mathematiker Karl Weierstraß (18151897) lieferte grundlegende Beiträge zu den mathematischen Fachgebieten der Funktionentheorie, Algebra und Variationsrechnung. Er gilt weltweit als Begründer der mathematisch strengen Beweisführung in der Analysis. Mit seinem Namen verbunden ist zum Beispiel die berühmte EpsilonDeltaDefinition des Begriffs der Stetigkeit reeller Funktionen. Weierstraß? Vorlesungszyklus zur Analysis in Berlin wurde weithin gerühmt und er lehrte teilweise vor 250 Hörern aus ganz Europa; diese starke mathematische Schule prägt bis heute die Mathematik. Aus Anlass seines 200. Geburtstags am 31. Oktober 2015 haben internationale Experten der Mathematik und Mathematikgeschichte diesen Festband zusammengestellt, der einen Einblick in die Bedeutung von Weierstraß? Werk bis zur heutigen Zeit gibt. Die Herausgeber des Buches sind leitende Wissenschaftler am WeierstraßInstitut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik in Berlin, die Autoren eminente Mathematikhistoriker.
Articles in Refereed Journals

K. Disser, J. Rehberg, A.F.M. TER Elst, Hölder estimates for parabolic operators on domains with rough boundary, Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Classe di Scienze. Serie V, XVII (2017) pp. 6579.
Abstract
In this paper we investigate linear parabolic, secondorder boundary value problems with mixed boundary conditions on rough domains. Assuming only boundedness/ellipticity on the coefficient function and very mild conditions on the geometry of the domain  including a very weak compatibility condition between the Dirichlet boundary part and its complement  we prove Hölder continuity of the solution in space and time. 
M. Liero, A. Mielke, M.A. Peletier, D.R.M. Renger, On microscopic origins of generalized gradient structures, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems  Series S, 10 (2017) pp. 135, DOI href="http://doi.org/10.3934/dcdss.2017001" target="_blank">10.3934/dcdss.2017001 .
Abstract
Classical gradient systems have a linear relation between rates and driving forces. In generalized gradient systems we allow for arbitrary relations derived from general nonquadratic dissipation potentials. This paper describes two natural origins for these structures. A first microscopic origin of generalized gradient structures is given by the theory of largedeviation principles. While Markovian diffusion processes lead to classical gradient structures, Poissonian jump processes give rise to coshtype dissipation potentials. A second origin arises via a new form of convergence, that we call EDPconvergence. Even when starting with classical gradient systems, where the dissipation potential is a quadratic functional of the rate, we may obtain a generalized gradient system in the evolutionary Gammalimit. As examples we treat (i) the limit of a diffusion equation having a thin layer of low diffusivity, which leads to a membrane model, and (ii) the limit of diffusion over a high barrier, which gives a reactiondiffusion system. 
M. Mittnenzweig, A. Mielke, An entropic gradient structure for Lindblad equations and couplings of quantum systems to macroscopic models, Journal of Statistical Physics, 167 (2017) pp. 205233, DOI href="http://doi.org/doi10.1007/s1095501717564" target="_blank">doi10.1007/s1095501717564 .
Abstract
We show that all Lindblad operators (i.e. generators of quantum semigroups) on a finitedimensional Hilbert space satisfying the detailed balance condition with respect to the thermal equilibrium state can be written as a gradient system with respect to the relative entropy. We discuss also thermodynamically consistent couplings to macroscopic systems, either as damped Hamiltonian systems with constant temperature or as GENERIC systems. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, E. Rocca, J. Sprekels, Asymptotic analyses and error estimates for a CahnHilliard type phase field system modelling tumor growth, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 10 (2017) pp. 3754.
Abstract
This paper is concerned with a phase field system of CahnHilliard type that is related to a tumor growth model and consists of three equations in gianni terms of the variables order parameter, chemical potential and nutrient concentration. This system has been investigated in the recent papers citeCGH and citeCGRS gianni from the viewpoint of wellposedness, long time bhv and asymptotic convergence as two positive viscosity coefficients tend to zero at the same time. Here, we continue the analysis performed in citeCGRS by showing two independent sets of results as just one of the coefficents tends to zero, the other remaining fixed. We prove convergence results, uniqueness of solutions to the two resulting limit problems, and suitable error estimates 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, J. Sprekels, Distributed optimal control of a nonstandard nonlocal phase field system with double obstacle potential, Evolution Equations and Control Theory, 6 (2017) pp. 3558.
Abstract
This paper is concerned with a distributed optimal control problem for a nonlocal phase field model of CahnHilliard type, which is a nonlocal version of a model for twospecies phase segregation on an atomic lattice under the presence of diffusion. The local model has been investigated in a series of papers by P. PodioGuidugli and the present authors the nonlocal model studied here consists of a highly nonlinear parabolic equation coupled to an ordinary differential inclusion of subdifferential type. The inclusion originates from a free energy containing the indicator function of the interval in which the order parameter of the phase segregation attains its values. It also contains a nonlocal term modeling longrange interactions. Due to the strong nonlinear couplings between the state variables (which even involve products with time derivatives), the analysis of the state system is difficult. In addition, the presence of the differential inclusion is the reason that standard arguments of optimal control theory cannot be applied to guarantee the existence of Lagrange multipliers. In this paper, we employ recent results proved for smooth logarithmic potentials and perform a socalled `deep quench' approximation to establish existence and firstorder necessary optimality conditions for the nonsmooth case of the double obstacle potential. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, J. Sprekels, Recent results on the CahnHilliard equation with dynamic boundary condition, Bulletin of the South Ural State University, Series: Mathematical Modelling, Programming and Computer Software, 10 (2017) pp. 521.

P. Exner, A.S. Kostenko, M.M. Malamud, H. Neidhardt, Infinite quantum graphs, Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk. Doklady Akademii Nauk, 472 (2017) pp. 16.

J. Sprekels, E. Valdinoci, A new type of identification problems: Optimizing the fractional order in a nonlocal evolution equation, SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization, 55 (2017) pp. 7093.
Abstract
In this paper, we consider a rather general linear evolution equation of fractional type, namely a diffusion type problem in which the diffusion operator is the power of a positive definite operator having a positive and discrete spectrum. We prove existence, uniqueness and differentiability properties with respect to the fractional parameter. These results are then employed to derive existence as well as firstorder necessary and secondorder sufficient optimality conditions for a minimization problem, which is inspired by considerations in mathematical biology. In this problem, the fractional parameter $s$ serves as the ``control parameter'' that needs to be chosen in such a way as to minimize a given cost functional. This problem constitutes a new classof identification problems: while usually in identification problems the type of the differential operator is prescribed and one or several of its coefficient functions need to be identified, in the present case one has to determine the type of the differential operator itself. This problem exhibits the inherent analytical difficulty that with changing fractional parameter also the domain of definition, and thus the underlying function space, of the fractional operator changes. 
A. Glitzky, M. Liero, Analysis of p(x)Laplace thermistor models describing the electrothermal behavior of organic semiconductor devices, Nonlinear Analysis. Real World Applications. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 34 (2017) pp. 536562.
Abstract
We study a stationary thermistor model describing the electrothermal behavior of organic semiconductor devices featuring nonOhmic currentvoltage laws and selfheating effects. The coupled system consists of the currentflow equation for the electrostatic potential and the heat equation with Joule heating term as source. The selfheating in the device is modeled by an Arrheniuslike temperature dependency of the electrical conductivity. Moreover, the nonOhmic electrical behavior is modeled by a power law such that the electrical conductivity depends nonlinearly on the electric field. Notably, we allow for functional substructures with different power laws, which gives rise to a $p(x)$Laplacetype problem with piecewise constant exponent. We prove the existence and boundedness of solutions in the twodimensional case. The crucial point is to establish the higher integrability of the gradient of the electrostatic potential to tackle the Joule heating term. The proof of the improved regularity is based on Caccioppolitype estimates, Poincaré inequalities, and a Gehringtype Lemma for the $p(x)$Laplacian. Finally, Schauder's fixedpoint theorem is used to show the existence of solutions. 
K. Disser, G.P. Galdi, G. Mazzone, P. Zunino, Inertial motions of a rigid body with a cavity filled with a viscous liquid, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, 221 (2016) pp. 487526.
Abstract
We consider the system of equations modeling the free motion of a rigid body with a cavity filled by a viscous (NavierStokes) liquid. Zhukovskiy's Theorem states that in the limit of time going to infinity, the relative fluid velocity tends to 0 and the rigid velocity of the full structure tends to a steady rotation around one of the principle axes of inertia. We give a rigorous proof of this result.
In particular, we prove that every global weak solution in a suitable class is subject to Zhukovskiy's Theorem, and note that existence of these solutions has been established. Independently of the geometry and of parameters, this shows that the presence of fluid prevents precession of the body in the limit. In general, we cannot predict which axis will be attained, but we can show stability of the largest axis and provide criteria on the initial data which are decisive in special cases. 
N. Rotundo, T.Y. Kim, W. Jiang, L. Heltai, E. Fried, Error estimates of Bspline based finiteelement method for the winddriven ocean circulation, Journal of Scientific Computing, 69 (2016) pp. 430459.
Abstract
We present the error analysis of a Bspline based finiteelement approximation of the streamfunction formulation of the large scale winddriven ocean circulation. In particular, we derive optimal error estimates for hrefinement using a Nitschetype variational formulations of the two simplied linear models of the stationary quasigeostrophic equations, namely the Stommel and StommelMunk models. Numerical results on rectangular and embedded geometries confirm the error analysis. 
S.P. Frigeri, Global existence of weak solutions for a nonlocal model for twophase flows of incompressible fluids with unmatched densities, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 26 (2016) pp. 19571993.
Abstract
We consider a diffuse interface model for an incompressible isothermal mixture of two viscous Newtonian fluids with different densities in a bounded domain in two or three space dimensions. The model is the nonlocal version of the one recently derived by Abels, Garcke and Grün and consists of a NavierStokes type system coupled with a convective nonlocal CahnHilliard equation. The density of the mixture depends on an order parameter. For this nonlocal system we prove existence of global dissipative weak solutions for the case of singular doublewell potentials and non degenerate mobilities. To this goal we devise an approach which is completely independent of the one employed by Abels, Depner and Garcke to establish existence of weak solutions for the local Abels et al. model. 
M. Heida, B. Schweizer, Nonperiodic homogenization of infinitesimal strain plasticity equations, ZAMM. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, 96 (2016) pp. 523.

M. Kantner, Th. Koprucki, Numerical simulation of carrier transport in semiconductor devices at cryogenic temperatures, Optical and Quantum Electronics, 48 (2016) pp. 543/1543/7.
Abstract
At cryogenic temperatures the electron?hole plasma in semiconductors becomes strongly degenerate, leading to very sharp internal layers, extreme depletion in intrinsic domains and strong nonlinear diffusion. As a result, the numerical simulation of the drift?diffusion system suffers from serious convergence issues using standard methods. We consider a onedimensional pin diode to illustrate these problems and present a simple temperatureembedding scheme to enable the numerical simulation at cryogenic temperatures. The method is suitable for forwardbiased devices as they appear e.g. in optoelectronic applications. Moreover, the method can be applied to wide band gap semiconductors where similar numerical issues occur already at room temperature. 
M. Kantner, U. Bandelow, Th. Koprucki, J.H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, H.J. Wünsche, Efficient current injection into single quantum dots through oxideconfined pndiodes, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 63 (2016) pp. 20362042.
Abstract
Current injection into single quantum dots embedded in vertical pndiodes featuring oxide apertures is analyzed in the lowinjection regime suitable for singlephoton emitters. Experimental and theoretical evidence is found for a rapid lateral spreading of the carriers after passing the oxide aperture in the conventional pindesign. By an alternative design employing pdoping up to the oxide aperture the current spreading can be suppressed resulting in an enhanced current confinement and increased injection efficiencies, both, in the continuous wave and under pulsed excitation. 
M. Liero, A. Mielke, G. Savaré, Optimal transport in competition with reaction: The HellingerKantorovich distance and geodesic curves, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 48 (2016) pp. 28692911.
Abstract
We discuss a new notion of distance on the space of finite and nonnegative measures on Ω ⊂ ℝ ^{d}, which we call HellingerKantorovich distance. It can be seen as an infconvolution of the wellknown KantorovichWasserstein distance and the HellingerKakutani distance. The new distance is based on a dynamical formulation given by an Onsager operator that is the sum of a Wasserstein diffusion part and an additional reaction part describing the generation and absorption of mass. We present a full characterization of the distance and some of its properties. In particular, the distance can be equivalently described by an optimal transport problem on the cone space over the underlying space Ω. We give a construction of geodesic curves and discuss examples and their general properties. 
H. Neidhardt, A. Stephan, V. Zagrebnov, On convergence rate estimates for approximations of solution operators for linear nonautonomous evolutions equations, Nanosystems: Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, 8 (2017) pp. , DOI href="http://doi.org/10.17586/2220/8054201782tba" target="_blank">10.17586/2220/8054201782tba .
Abstract
We improve some recent estimates of the rate of convergence for product approximations of solution operators for linear nonautonomous Cauchy problem. The Trotter product formula approximation is proved to converge to the solution operatornorm. We estimate the rate of convergence of this approximation. The result is applied to diffusion equation perturbed by a timedependent potential. 
D. Peschka, M. Thomas, A. Glitzky, R. Nürnberg, M. Virgilio, S. Guha, Th. Schröder, G. Cappellini, Th. Koprucki, Robustness analysis of a device concept for edgeemitting lasers based on strained germanium, Optical and Quantum Electronics, 48 (2016) pp. 156/1156/7.
Abstract
We consider a device concept for edgeemitting lasers based on strained germanium microstrips. The device features an inhomogeneous tensile strain distribution generated by a SiN stressor deposited on top of the Ge microstrip. This geometry requires a lateral contact scheme and hence a full twodimensional description. The twodimensional simulations of the carrier transport and of the optical field, carried out in a cross section of the device orthogonal to the optical cavity, use microscopic calculations of the strained Ge material gain as an input. In this paper we study laser performance and robustness against ShockleyReadHall lifetime variations and device sensitivity to different strain distributions. 
D. Peschka, N. Rotundo, M. Thomas, Towards doping optimization of semiconductor lasers, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Transport, 45 (2016) pp. 410423.
Abstract
We discuss analytical and numerical methods for the optimization of optoelectronic devices by performing optimal control of the PDE governing the carrier transport with respect to the doping profile. First, we provide a cost functional that is a sum of a regularization and a contribution, which is motivated by the modal net gain that appears in optoelectronic models of bulk or quantumwell lasers. Then, we state a numerical discretization, for which we study optimized solutions for different regularizations and for vanishing weights. 
A. Boitsev, H. Neidhardt, I.Y. Popov, Dirac operator coupled to bosons, Nanosystems: Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, 7 (2016) pp. 332339.

M. Bulíček, A. Glitzky, M. Liero, Systems describing electrothermal effects with p(x)Laplacian like structure for discontinuous variable exponents, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 48 (2016) pp. 34963514.
Abstract
We consider a coupled system of two elliptic PDEs, where the elliptic term in the first equation shares the properties of the p(x)Laplacian with discontinuous exponent, while in the second equation we have to deal with an a priori L^{1} term on the right hand side. Such a system of equations is suitable for the description of various electrothermal effects, in particular those, where the nonOhmic behavior can change dramatically with respect to the spatial variable. We prove the existence of a weak solution under very weak assumptions on the data and also under general structural assumptions on the constitutive equations of the model. The main difficulty consists in the fact that we have to overcome simultaneously two obstacles  the discontinuous variable exponent (which limits the use of standard methods) and the L^{1} right hand side of the heat equation. Our existence proof based on Galerkin approximation is highly constructive and therefore seems to be suitable also for numerical purposes. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, J. Sprekels, A boundary control problem for the viscous CahnHilliard equation with dynamic boundary conditions, Applied Mathematics and Optimization. An International Journal with Applications to Stochastics, 73 (2016) pp. 195225.
Abstract
A boundary control problem for the viscous CahnHilliard equations with possibly singular potentials and dynamic boundary conditions is studied and first order necessary conditions for optimality are proved. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, J. Sprekels, Constrained evolution for a quasilinear parabolic equation, Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, 170 (2016) pp. 713734.
Abstract
In the present contribution, a feedback control law is studied for a quasilinear parabolic equation. First, we prove the wellposedness and some regularity results for the CauchyNeumann problem for this equation, modified by adding an extra term which is a multiple of the subdifferential of the distance function from a closed convex set K of L^{2}(Ω). Then, we consider convex sets of obstacle or doubleobstacle type, and we can act on the factor of the feedback control in order to be able to reach the convex set within a finite time, by proving rigorously this property. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, J. Sprekels, Distributed optimal control of a nonstandard nonlocal phase field system, AIMS Mathematics, 1 (2016) pp. 246281.
Abstract
We investigate a distributed optimal control problem for a nonlocal phase field model of viscous CahnHilliard type. The model constitutes a nonlocal version of a model for twospecies phase segregation on an atomic lattice under the presence of diffusion that has been studied in a series of papers by P. PodioGuidugli and the present authors. The model consists of a highly nonlinear parabolic equation coupled to an ordinary differential equation. The latter equation contains both nonlocal and singular terms that render the analysis difficult. Standard arguments of optimal control theory do not apply directly, although the control constraints and the cost functional are of standard type. We show that the problem admits a solution, and we derive the firstorder necessary conditions of optimality. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, J. Sprekels, On an application of Tikhonov's fixed point theorem to a nonlocal CahnHilliard type system modeling phase separation, Journal of Differential Equations, 260 (2016) pp. 79407964.
Abstract
This paper investigates a nonlocal version of a model for phase separation on an atomic lattice that was introduced by P. PodioGuidugli in Ric. Mat. 55 (2006) 105118. The model consists of an initialboundary value problem for a nonlinearly coupled system of two partial differential equations governing the evolution of an order parameter ρ and the chemical potential μ. Singular contributions to the local free energy in the form of logarithmic or doubleobstacle potentials are admitted. In contrast to the local model, which was studied by P. PodioGuidugli and the present authors in a series of recent publications, in the nonlocal case the equation governing the evolution of the order parameter contains in place of the Laplacian a nonlocal expression that originates from nonlocal contributions to the free energy and accounts for possible longrange interactions between the atoms. It is shown that just as in the local case the model equations are well posed, where the technique of proving existence is entirely different: it is based on an application of Tikhonov's fixed point theorem in a rather unusual separable and reflexive Banach space. 
A. Fiebach, A. Glitzky, A. Linke, Convergence of an implicit Voronoi finite volume method for reactiondiffusion problems, Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations. An International Journal, 32 (2016) pp. 141174.
Abstract
We investigate the convergence of an implicit Voronoi finite volume method for reaction diffusion problems including nonlinear diffusion in two space dimensions. The model allows to handle heterogeneous materials and uses the chemical potentials of the involved species as primary variables. The numerical scheme uses boundary conforming Delaunay meshes and preserves positivity and the dissipative property of the continuous system. Starting from a result on the global stability of the scheme (uniform, meshindependent global upper and lower bounds), we prove strong convergence of the chemical activities and their gradients to a weak solution of the continuous problem. In order to illustrate the preservation of qualitative properties by the numerical scheme, we present a longterm simulation of the MichaelisMentenHenri system. Especially, we investigate the decay properties of the relative free energy and the evolution of the dissipation rate over several magnitudes of time, and obtain experimental orders of convergence for these quantities. 
R. HallerDintelmann, A. Jonsson, D. Knees, J. Rehberg, Elliptic and parabolic regularity for second order divergence operators with mixed boundary conditions, Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences, 39 (2016) pp. 50075026.
Abstract
We study second order equations and systems on nonLipschitz domains including mixed boundary conditions. The key result is interpolation for suitable function spaces. 
S. Heinz, A. Mielke, Existence, numerical convergence, and evolutionary relaxation for a rateindependent phasetransformation model, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A : Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences, 374 (2016) pp. 20150171/120150171/23.
Abstract
We revisit the twowell model for phase transformation in a linearly elastic body introduced and studied in A. Mielke, F. Theil, and V.I. Levita ``A variational formulation of rateindependent phase transformations using an extremum principle", Arch. Rational Mech. Anal., 162, 137177, 2002 ([MTL02]). This energetic rateindependent model is posed in terms of the elastic displacement and an internal variable that gives the phase portion of the second phase. We use a new approach based on mutual recovery sequences, which are adjusted to a suitable energy increment plus the associated dissipated energy and, thus, enable us to pass to the limit in the construction of energetic solutions. We give three distinct constructions of mutual recovery sequences which allow us (i) to generalize the existence result in [MTL02], (ii) to establish the convergence of suitable numerical approximations via spacetime discretization, and (iii) to perform the evolutionary relaxation from the purestate model to the relaxed mixture model. All these results rely on weak converge and involve the Hmeasure as an essential tool. 
F. Kaschura, A. Fischer, M.P. Klinger, D.H. Doan, Th. Koprucki, A. Glitzky, D. Kasemann, J. Widmer, K. Leo, Operation mechanism of high performance organic permeable base transistors with an insulated and perforated base electrode, Journal of Applied Physics, 120 (2016) pp. 094501/1094501/8.

H. Meinlschmidt, J. Rehberg, Hölderestimates for nonautonomous parabolic problems with rough data, Evolution Equations and Control Theory, 5 (2016) pp. 147184.
Abstract
In this paper we establish Hölder estimates for solutions to nonautonomous parabolic equations on nonsmooth domains which are complemented with mixed boundary conditions. The corresponding elliptic operators are of divergence type, the coefficient matrix of which depends only measurably on time. These results are in the tradition of the classical book of Ladyshenskaya et al., which also serves as the starting point for our investigations. 
S. Reichelt, Error estimates for elliptic equations with not exactly periodic coefficients, Advances in Mathematical Sciences and Applications, 25 (2016) pp. 117131.
Abstract
This note is devoted to the derivation of quantitative estimates for linear elliptic equations with coefficients that are not exactly εperiodic and the ellipticity constant may degenerate for vanishing ε. Here ε>0 denotes the ratio between the microscopic and the macroscopic length scale. It is shown that for degenerating and nondegenerating coefficients the error between the original solution and the effective solution is of order √ε. Therefore suitable test functions are constructed via the periodic unfolding method and a gradient folding operator making only minimal additional assumptions on the given data and the effective solution with respect to the macroscopic scale. 
S.P. Frigeri, E. Rocca, J. Sprekels, Optimal distributed control of a nonlocal CahnHilliard/NavierStokes system in two dimensions, SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization, 54 (2016) pp. 221  250.
Abstract
We study a diffuse interface model for incompressible isothermal mixtures of two immiscible fluids coupling the NavierStokes system with a convective nonlocal CahnHilliard equation in two dimensions of space. We apply recently proved wellposedness and regularity results in order to establish existence of optimal controls as well as firstorder necessary optimality conditions for an associated optimal control problem in which a distributed control is applied to the fluid flow. 
S.P. Frigeri, G.C. Gal, M. Grasselli, On nonlocal CahnHilliardNavierStokes systems in two dimensions, Journal of Nonlinear Science, 26 (2016) pp. 847893.
Abstract
We consider a diffuse interface model which describes the motion of an incompressible isothermal mixture of two immiscible fluids. This model consists of the NavierStokes equations coupled with a convective nonlocal CahnHilliard equation. Several results were already proven by two of the present authors. However, in the twodimensional case, the uniqueness of weak solutions was still open. Here we establish such a result even in the case of degenerate mobility and singular potential. Moreover, we show the strongweak uniqueness in the case of viscosity depending on the order parameter, provided that the mobility is constant and the potential is regular. In the case of constant viscosity, on account of the uniqueness results we can deduce the connectedness of the global attractor whose existence was obtained in a previous paper. The uniqueness technique can be adapted to show the validity of a smoothing property for the difference of two trajectories which is crucial to establish the existence of an exponential attractor. 
A. Mielke, M.A. Peletier, D.R.M. Renger, A generalization of Onsager's reciprocity relations to gradient flows with nonlinear mobility, Journal of NonEquilibrium Thermodynamics, 41 (2016) pp. 141149.
Abstract
Onsager's 1931 `reciprocity relations' result connects microscopic timereversibility with a symmetry property of corresponding macroscopic evolution equations. Among the many consequences is a variational characterization of the macroscopic evolution equation as a gradientflow, steepestascent, or maximalentropyproduction equation. Onsager's original theorem is limited to closetoequilibrium situations, with a Gaussian invariant measure and a linear macroscopic evolution. In this paper we generalize this result beyond these limitations, and show how the microscopic timereversibility leads to natural generalized symmetry conditions, which take the form of generalized gradient flows. 
A. Mielke, T. Roubíček, Rateindependent elastoplasticity at finite strains and its numerical approximation, Mathematical Models & Methods in Applied Sciences, 26 (2016) pp. 22032236.
Abstract
Gradient plasticity at large strains with kinematic hardening is analyzed as quasistatic rateindependent evolution. The energy functional with a frameindifferent polyconvex energy density and the dissipation are approximated numerically by finite elements and implicit time discretization, such that a computationally implementable scheme is obtained. The nonselfpenetration as well as a possible frictionless unilateral contact is considered and approximated numerically by a suitable penalization method which keeps polyconvexity and simultaneously bypasses the Lavrentiev phenomenon. The main result concerns the convergence of the numerical scheme towards energetic solutions.
In the case of incompressible plasticity and of nonsimple materials, where the energy depends on the second derivative of the deformation, we derive an explicit stability criterion for convergence relating the spatial discretization and the penalizations. 
A. Mielke, R. Rossi, G. Savaré, Balanced viscosity (BV) solutions to infinitedimensional rateindependent systems, Journal of the European Mathematical Society (JEMS), 18 (2016) pp. 21072165.
Abstract
Balanced Viscosity solutions to rateindependent systems arise as limits of regularized rateindependent ows by adding a superlinear vanishingviscosity dissipation. We address the main issue of proving the existence of such limits for innitedimensional systems and of characterizing them by a couple of variational properties that combine a local stability condition and a balanced energydissipation identity. A careful description of the jump behavior of the solutions, of their dierentiability properties, and of their equivalent representation by time rescaling is also presented. Our techniques rely on a suitable chainrule inequality for functions of bounded variation in Banach spaces, on rened lower semicontinuitycompactness arguments, and on new BVestimates that are of independent interest.
Contributions to Collected Editions

S. Reichelt, Error estimates for nonlinear reactiondiffusion systems involving different diffusion length scales, in: MURPHYSHSFS2014: 7th MUltiRate Processes and HYSteresis (MURPHYS) & 2nd International Workshop on Hysteresis and SlowFast Systems (HSFS), O. Klein, M. Dimian, P. Gurevich, D. Knees, D. Rachinskii, S. Tikhomirov, eds., 727 of Journal of Physics: Conference Series, IOP Publishing, 2016, pp. 012013/1012013/15.
Abstract
We derive quantitative error estimates for coupled reactiondiffusion systems, whose coefficient functions are quasiperiodically oscillating modeling microstructure of the underlying macroscopic domain. The coupling arises via nonlinear reaction terms, and we allow for different diffusion length scales, i.e. whereas some species have characteristic diffusion length of order 1, other species may diffuse much slower, namely, with order of the characteristic microstructurelength scale. We consider an effective system, which is rigorously obtained via twoscale convergence, and we derive quantitative error estimates. 
M. Kantner, U. Bandelow, Th. Koprucki, H.J. Wünsche, Modeling and simulation of injection dynamics for quantum dot based singlephoton sources, in: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, J. Piprek, Ch. Poulton, M. Steel, M. DE Sterke, eds., IEEE Conference Publications Management Group, Piscataway, 2016, pp. 219220.
Abstract
Single semiconductor quantum dots embedded in pin diodes have been demonstrated to operate as electrically driven singlephoton sources. By means of numerical simulations one can explore the limitations in the carrier injection dynamics and further improve the device technology. We propose a comprehensive modeling approach coupling the macroscopic transport of bulk carriers with an open quantum system to describe the essential physics of such devices on multiple scales. 
M. Kantner, U. Bandelow, Th. Koprucki, J.H. Schulze, A. Strittmatter, H.J. Wünsche, On current injection into single quantum dots through oxideconfined PNdiodes, in: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, J. Piprek, Ch. Poulton, M. Steel, M. DE Sterke, eds., IEEE Conference Publications Management Group, Piscataway, 2016, pp. 215216.
Abstract
Current injection into single quantum dots embedded in vertical pndiodes featuring oxide apertures is essential to the technological realization of singlephoton sources. This requires efficient electrical pumping of submicron sized regions under pulsed excitation to achieve control of the carrier population of the desired quantum dots. We show experimentl and theoretical evidence for a rapid lateral spreading of the carriers after passing the ocide aperture in the conventional pindesign in the lowinjection regime suitable for singlephoton emitters. By an alternative design employing pdoping up to the oxide aperture the current spreading can be suppressed resulting in an enhanced current confinement and increased injection efficiencies. 
G. Lazzaroni, R. Rossi, M. Thomas, R. Toader, Some remarks on a model for rateindependent damage in thermoviscoelastodynamics, in: MURPHYSHSFS2014: 7th International Workshop on MUltiRate Processes and HYSteresis (MURPHYS) & 2nd International Workshop on Hysteresis and SlowFast Systems (HSFS), O. Klein, M. Dimian, P. Gurevich, D. Knees, D. Rachinskii, S. Tikhomirov, eds., 727 of Journal of Physics: Conference Series, IOP Publishing, 2016, pp. 012009/1012009/20.
Abstract
This note deals with the analysis of a model for partial damage, where the rateindependent, unidirectional flow rule for the damage variable is coupled with the ratedependent heat equation, and with the momentum balance featuring inertia and viscosity according to KelvinVoigt rheology. The results presented here combine the approach from [Roubíček M2AS'09, SIAM'10] with the methods from Lazzaroni/Rossi/Thomas/Toader [WIAS Preprint 2025]. The present analysis encompasses, differently from [Roubíček SIAM'10], the monotonicity in time of damage and the dependence of the viscous tensor on damage and temperature, and, unlike [WIAS Preprint 2025], a nonconstant heat capacity and a timedependent Dirichlet loading. 
M. Thomas, E. Bonetti, E. Rocca, R. Rossi, A rateindependent gradient system in damage coupled with plasticity via structured strains, in: Gradient Flows: From Theory to Application, B. Düring, C.B. Schönlieb, M.Th. Wolfram, eds., 54 of ESAIM Proceedings and Surveys, EDP Sciences, 2016, pp. 5469.
Abstract
This contribution deals with a class of models combining isotropic damage with plasticity. It has been inspired by a work by Freddi and RoyerCarfagni, including the case where the inelastic part of the strain only evolves in regions where the material is damaged. The evolution both of the damage and of the plastic variable is assumed to be rateindependent. Existence of solutions is established in the abstract energetic framework elaborated by Mielke and coworkers. 
TH. Koprucki, K. Tabelow, Mathematical models: A research data category?, in: Mathematical Software  ICMS 2016: 5th International Conference, Berlin, Germany, July 1114, 2016, Proceedings, G.M. Greuel, Th. Koch, P. Paule, A. Sommese, eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Cham, 2016, pp. 423428.
Abstract
Mathematical modeling and simulation (MMS) has now been established as an essential part of the scientific work in many disciplines and application areas. It is common to categorize the involved numerical data and to some extend the corresponding scientific software as research data. Both have their origin in mathematical models. In this contribution we propose a holistic approach to research data in MMS by including the mathematical models and discuss the initial requirements for a conceptual data model for this field. 
A. Mielke, R. Rossi, G. Savaré, BalancedViscosity solutions for multirate systems, in: MURPHYSHSFS2014: 7th MUltiRate Processes and HYSteresis (MURPHYS) & 2nd International Workshop on Hysteresis and SlowFast Systems (HSFS), O. Klein, M. Dimian, P. Gurevich, D. Knees, D. Rachinskii, S. Tikhomirov, eds., 727 of Journal of Physics: Conference Series, IOP Publishing, 2016, pp. 012010/1012010/26.
Abstract
Several mechanical systems are modeled by the static momentum balance for the displacement u coupled with a rateindependent flow rule for some internal variable z. We consider a class of abstract systems of ODEs which have the same structure, albeit in a finitedimensional setting, and regularize both the static equation and the rateindependent flow rule by adding viscous dissipation terms with coefficients ε^{α} and ε, where 0<ε<1 and α>0 is a fixed parameter. Therefore for α different from 1 the variables u and z have different relaxation rates. We address the vanishingviscosity analysis as ε tends to 0 in the viscous system. We prove that, up to a subsequence, (reparameterized) viscous solutions converge to a parameterized curve yielding a Balanced Viscosity solution to the original rateindependent system and providing an accurate description of the system behavior at jumps. We also give a reformulation of the notion of Balanced Viscosity solution in terms of a system of subdifferential inclusions, showing that the viscosity in u and the one in z are involved in the jump dynamics in different ways, according to whether α >1, α=1, or 0<α<1. 
A. Mielke, Deriving effective models for multiscale systems via evolutionary $Gamma$convergence, in: Control of SelfOrganizing Nonlinear Systems, E. Schöll, S. Klapp, P. Hövel, eds., Understanding Complex Systems, Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Cham, 2016, pp. 235251.

A. Mielke, Free energy, free entropy, and a gradient structure for thermoplasticity, in: Innovative Numerical Approaches for MultiField and MultiScale Problems. In Honor of Michael Ortiz's 60th Birthday, K. Weinberg, A. Pandolfi, eds., 81 of Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Cham, 2016, pp. 135160.
Abstract
In the modeling of solids the free energy, the energy, and the entropy play a central role. We show that the free entropy, which is defined as the negative of the free energy divided by the temperature, is similarly important. The derivatives of the free energy are suitable thermodynamical driving forces for reversible (i.e. Hamiltonian) parts of the dynamics, while for the dissipative parts the derivatives of the free entropy are the correct driving forces. This difference does not matter for isothermal cases nor for local materials, but it is relevant in the nonisothermal case if the densities also depend on gradients, as is the case in gradient thermoplasticity.
Using the total entropy as a driving functional, we develop gradient structures for quasistatic thermoplasticity, which again features the role of the free entropy. The big advantage of the gradient structure is the possibility of deriving timeincremental minimization procedures, where the entropyproduction potential minus the total entropy is minimized with respect to the internal variables and the temperature.
We also highlight that the usage of an auxiliary temperature as an integrating factor in Yang/Stainier/Ortiz "A variational formulation of the coupled thermomechanical boundaryvalue problem for general dissipative solids" (J. Mech. Physics Solids, 54, 401424, 2006) serves exactly the purpose to transform the reversible driving forces, obtained from the free energy, into the needed irreversible driving forces, which should have been derived from the free entropy. This reconfirms the fact that only the usage of the free entropy as driving functional for dissipative processes allows us to derive a proper variational formulation. 
A. Mielke, Relaxation of a rateindependent phase transformation model for the evolution of microstructure, in: Mechanics of Materials: Mechanics of Interfaces and Evolving Microstructure, Workshop, March 1418, 2016, R. Kienzler, D.L. Mcdowell, S. Müller, E.A. Werner, eds., 13 of Oberwolfach Reports, European Mathematical Society, 2016, pp. 840842.
Preprints, Reports, Technical Reports

S. Bartels, M. Milicevic, M. Thomas, Numerical approach to a model for quasistatic damage with spatial $BV$regularization, Preprint no. 2388, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2388 .
Abstract, PDF (532 kByte)
We address a model for rateindependent, partial, isotropic damage in quasistatic small strain linear elasticity, featuring a damage variable with spatial BVregularization. Discrete solutions are obtained using an alternate timediscrete scheme and the VariableADMM algorithm to solve the constrained nonsmooth optimization problem that determines the damage variable at each time step. We prove convergence of the method and show that discrete solutions approximate a semistable energetic solution of the rateindependent system. Moreover, we present our numerical results for two benchmark problems. 
M. Kohlhase, Th. Koprucki, D. Müller, K. Tabelow, Mathematical models as research data via flexiformal theory graphs, Preprint no. 2385, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2385 .
Abstract, PDF (713 kByte)
Mathematical modeling and simulation (MMS) has now been established as an essential part of the scientific work in many disciplines. It is common to categorize the involved numerical data and to some extent the corresponding scientific software as research data. But both have their origin in mathematical models, therefore any holistic approach to research data in MMS should cover all three aspects: data, software, and models. While the problems of classifying, archiving and making accessible are largely solved for data and first frameworks and systems are emerging for software, the question of how to deal with mathematical models is completely open. In this paper we propose a solution  to cover all aspects of mathematical models: the underlying mathematical knowledge, the equations, boundary conditions, numeric approximations, and documents in a flexiformal framework, which has enough structure to support the various uses of models in scientific and technology workflows. Concretely we propose to use the OMDoc/MMT framework to formalize mathematical models and show the adequacy of this approach by modeling a simple, but nontrivial model: van Roosbroeck's driftdiffusion model for onedimensional devices. This formalization  and future extensions  allows us to support the modeler by e.g. flexibly composing models, visualizing Model Pathway Diagrams, and annotating model equations in documents as induced from the formalized documents by flattening. This directly solves some of the problems in treating MMS as ``research data'' and opens the way towards more MKM services for models. 
P. Krejčí, E. Rocca, J. Sprekels, Unsaturated deformable porous media flow with phase transition, Preprint no. 2384, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2384 .
Abstract, PDF (296 kByte)
In the present paper, a continuum model is introduced for fluid flow in a deformable porous medium, where the fluid may undergo phase transitions. Typically, such problems arise in modeling liquidsolid phase transformations in groundwater flows. The system of equations is derived here from the conservation principles for mass, momentum, and energy and from the ClausiusDuhem inequality for entropy. It couples the evolution of the displacement in the matrix material, of the capillary pressure, of the absolute temperature, and of the phase fraction. Mathematical results are proved under the additional hypothesis that inertia effects and shear stresses can be neglected. For the resulting highly nonlinear system of two PDEs, one ODE and one ordinary differential inclusion with natural initial and boundary conditions, existence of global in time solutions is proved by means of cutoff techniques and suitable Mosertype estimates. 
A.F.M. TER Elst, J. Rehberg, Consistent operator semigroups and their interpolation, Preprint no. 2382, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2382 .
Abstract, PDF (231 kByte)
Under a mild regularity condition we prove that the generator of the interpolation of two C_{0}semigroups is the interpolation of the two generators. 
S. Bommer, S. Jachalski, D. Peschka, R. Seemann, B. Wagner, Structure formation in thin liquidliquid films, Preprint no. 2380, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2380 .
Abstract, PDF (7275 kByte)
We revisit the problem of a liquid polymer that dewets from another liquid polymer substrate with the focus on the direct comparison of results from mathematical modeling, rigorous analysis, numerical simulation and experimental investigations of rupture, dewetting dynamics and equilibrium patterns of a thin liquidliquid system. The experimental system uses as a model system a thin polystyrene (PS) / polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bilayer of a few hundred nm. The polymer systems allow for in situ observation of the dewetting process by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and for a precise ex situ imaging of the liquidliquid interface. In the present study, the molecular chain length of the used polymers is chosen such that the polymers can be considered as Newtonian liquids. However, by increasing the chain length, the rheological properties of the polymers can be also tuned to a viscoelastic flow behavior. The experimental results are compared with the predictions based on the thin film models. The system parameters like contact angle and surface tensions are determined from the experiments and used for a quantitative comparison. We obtain excellent agreement for transient drop shapes on their way towards equilibrium, as well as dewetting rim profiles and dewetting dynamics. 
J. Fuhrmann, A. Glitzky, M. Liero, Hybrid finitevolume/finiteelement schemes for $p(x)$Laplace thermistor models, Preprint no. 2378, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2378 .
Abstract, PDF (1063 kByte)
We introduce an empirical PDE model for the electrothermal description of organic semiconductor devices by means of current and heat flow. The current flow equation is of p(x)Laplace type, where the piecewise constant exponent p(x) takes the nonOhmic behavior of the organic layers into account. Moreover, the electrical conductivity contains an Arrheniustype temperature law. We present a hybrid finitevolume/finiteelement discretization scheme for the coupled system, discuss a favorite discretization of the p(x)Laplacian at hetero interfaces, and explain how path following methods are applied to simulate Sshaped currentvoltage relations resulting from the interplay of selfheating and heat flow. 
F. Flegel, M. Heida, M. Slowik, Homogenization theory for the random conductance model with degenerate ergodic weights and unboundedrange jumps, Preprint no. 2371, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2371 .
Abstract, PDF (598 kByte)
We study homogenization properties of the discrete Laplace operator with random conductances on a large domain in Z^{d}. More precisely, we prove almostsure homogenization of the discrete Poisson equation and of the top of the Dirichlet spectrum. We assume that the conductances are stationary, ergodic and nearestneighbor conductances are positive. In contrast to earlier results, we do not require uniform ellipticity but certain integrability conditions on the lower and upper tails of the conductances. We further allow jumps of arbitrary length. Without the longrange connections, the integrability condition on the lower tail is optimal for spectral homogenization. It coincides with a necessary condition for the validity of a local central limit theorem for the random walk among random conductances. As an application of spectral homogenization, we prove a quenched large deviation principle for the normalized and rescaled local times of the random walk in a growing box. Our proofs are based on a compactness result for the Laplacian's Dirichlet energy, Poincaré inequalities, Moser iteration and twoscale convergence. 
P. Colli, J. Sprekels, Optimal boundary control of a nonstandard CahnHilliard system with dynamic boundary condition and double obstacle inclusions, Preprint no. 2370, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2370 .
Abstract, PDF (268 kByte)
In this paper, we study an optimal boundary control problem for a model for phase separation taking place in a spatial domain that was introduced by P.PodioGuidugli in Ric. Mat. 55 (2006), pp.105118. The model consists of a strongly coupled system of nonlinear parabolic differential inclusions, in which products between the unknown functions and their time derivatives occur that are difficult to handle analytically; the system is complemented by initial and boundary conditions. For the order parameter of the phase separation process, a dynamic boundary condition involving the LaplaceBeltrami operator is assumed, which models an additional nonconserving phase transition occurring on the surface of the domain. We complement in this paper results that were established in the recent contribution appeared in Evol. Equ. Control Theory 6 (2017), pp. 3558, by the two authors and Gianni Gilardi. In contrast to that paper, in which differentiable potentials of logarithmic type were considered, we investigate here the (more difficult) case of nondifferentiable potentials of double obstacle type. For such nonlinearities, the standard techniques of optimal control theory to establish the existence of Lagrange multipliers for the state constraints are known to fail. To overcome these difficulties, we employ the following line of approach: we use the results contained in the preprint arXiv:1609.07046 [math.AP] (2016), pp. 130, for the case of (differentiable) logarithmic potentials and perform a socalled "deep quench limit". Using compactness and monotonicity arguments, it is shown that this strategy leads to the desired firstorder necessary optimality conditions for the case of (nondifferentiable) double obstacle potentials. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, J. Sprekels, Limiting problems for a nonstandard viscous CahnHilliard system with dynamic boundary conditions, Preprint no. 2369, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2369 .
Abstract, PDF (353 kByte)
This note is concerned with a nonlinear diffusion problem of phasefield type, consisting of a parabolic system of two partial differential equations, complemented by boundary and initial conditions. The system arises from a model of twospecies phase segregation on an atomic lattice and was introduced by PodioGuidugli in Ric. Mat. 55 (2006), pp. 105118. The two unknowns are the phase parameter and the chemical potential. In contrast to previous investigations about this PDE system, we consider here a dynamic boundary condition for the phase variable that involves the LaplaceBeltrami operator and models an additional nonconserving phase transition occurring on the surface of the domain. We are interested to some asymptotic analysis and first discuss the asymptotic limit of the system as the viscosity coefficient of the order parameter equation tends to 0: the convergence of solutions to the corresponding solutions for the limit problem is proven. Then, we study the longtime behavior of the system for both problems, with positive or zero viscosity coefficient, and characterize the omegalimit set in both cases. 
M. Heida, S. Nesenenko, Stochastic homogenization of ratedependent models of monotone type in plasticity, Preprint no. 2366, WIAS, Berlin, 2017, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2366 .
Abstract, PDF (548 kByte)
In this work we deal with the stochastic homogenization of the initial boundary value problems of monotone type. The models of monotone type under consideration describe the deformation behaviour of inelastic materials with a microstructure which can be characterised by random measures. Based on the Fitzpatrick function concept we reduce the study of the asymptotic behaviour of monotone operators associated with our models to the problem of the stochastic homogenization of convex functionals within an ergodic and stationary setting. The concept of Fitzpatrick's function helps us to introduce and show the existence of the weak solutions for ratedependent systems. The derivations of the homogenization results presented in this work are based on the stochastic twoscale convergence in Sobolev spaces. For completeness, we also present some twoscale homogenization results for convex functionals, which are related to the classical Gammaconvergence theory. 
P. Gussmann, A. Mielke, Linearized elasticity as Moscolimit of finite elasticity in the presence of cracks, Preprint no. 2359, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2359 .
Abstract, PDF (428 kByte)
The smalldeformation limit of finite elasticity is considered in presence of a given crack. The rescaled finite energies with the constraint of global injectivity are shown to Gamma converge to the linearized elastic energy with a local constraint of noninterpenetrability along the crack. 
H. Neidhardt, A. Stephan, V.A. Zagrebnov, Convergence rate estimates for Trotter product approximations of solution operators for nonautonomous Cauchy problems, Preprint no. 2356, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2356 .
Abstract, PDF (454 kByte)
In the present paper we advocate the HowlandEvans approach to solution of the abstract nonautonomous Cauchy problem (nonACP) in a separable Banach space X. The main idea is to reformulate this problem as an autonomous Cauchy problem (ACP) in a new Banach space L^{p}(J,X), consisting of Xvalued functions on the timeinterval J. The fundamental observation is a onetoone correspondence between solution operators (propagators) for a nonACP and the corresponding evolution semigroups for ACP in L^{p}(J,X). We show that the latter also allows to apply a full power of the operatortheoretical methods to scrutinise the nonACP including the proof of the Trotter product approximation formulae with operatornorm estimate of the rate of convergence. The paper extends and improves some recent results in this direction in particular for Hilbert spaces. 
S. Reichelt, Corrector estimates for a class of imperfect transmission problems, Preprint no. 2354, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (480 kByte)
Based on previous homogenization results for imperfect transmission problems in twocomponent domains with periodic microstructure, we derive quantitative estimates for the difference between the microscopic and macroscopic solution. This difference is of order ε^{ρ}, where ε > 0 describes the periodicity of the microstructure and ρ ∈ (0 , 1/2] depends on the transmission condition at the interface between the two components. The corrector estimates are proved without assuming additional regularity for the local correctors using the periodic unfolding method. 
M. Heida, R.I.A. Patterson, D.R.M. Renger, The space of bounded variation with infinitedimensional codomain, Preprint no. 2353, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2353 .
Abstract, PDF (600 kByte)
We study functions of bounded variation with values in a Banach or in a metric space. We provide several equivalent notions of variations and provide the notion of a time derivative in this abstract setting. We study four distinct topologies on the space of bounded variations and provide some insight into the structure of these topologies. In particular, we study the meaning of convergence, duality and regularity for these topologies and provide some useful compactness criteria, also related to the classical AubinLions theorem. We finally provide some useful applications to stochastic processes. 
M. Thomas, Ch. Zanini, Cohesive zonetype delamination in viscoelasticity, Preprint no. 2350, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (2223 kByte)
We study a model for the rateindependent evolution of cohesive zone delamination in a viscoelastic solid, also exposed to dynamics effects. The main feature of this model, inspired by [Ortiz&Pandoli99Int.J.Numer.Meth.Eng.], is that the surface energy related to the crack opening depends on the history of the crack separation between the two sides of the crack path, and allows for different responses upon loading and unloading.
Due to the presence of multivalued and unbounded operators featuring nonpenetration and the `memory'constraint in the strong formulation of the problem, we prove existence of a weaker notion of solution, known as semistable energetic solution, pioneered in [Roubicek09M2AS] and refined in [Rossi&Thomas15WIASPreprint2113]. 
A. Mielke, M. Mittnenzweig, Convergence to equilibrium in energyreactiondiffusion systems using vectorvalued functional inequalities, Preprint no. 2349, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (618 kByte)
We discuss how the recently developed energydissipation methods for reactiondi usion systems can be generalized to the nonisothermal case. For this we use concave entropies in terms of the densities of the species and the internal energy, where the importance is that the equilibrium densities may depend on the internal energy. Using the logSobolev estimate and variants for lowerorder entropies as well as estimates for the entropy production of the nonlinear reactions we give two methods to estimate the relative entropy by the total entropy production, namely a somewhat restrictive convexity method, which provides explicit decay rates, and a very general, but weaker compactness method. 
S. Bommer, R. Seemann, S. Jachalski, D. Peschka, B. Wagner, Liquidliquid dewetting: Morphologies and rates, Preprint no. 2346, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (1107 kByte)
The dependence of the dissipation on the local details of the flow field of a liquid polymer film dewetting from a liquid polymer substrate is shown, solving the free boundary problem for a twolayer liquid system. As a key result we show that the dewetting rates of such a liquid bilayer system can not be described by a single power law but shows transient behaviour of the rates, changing from increasing to decreasing behaviour. The theoretical predictions on the evolution of morphology and rates of the free surfaces and free interfaces are compared to measurements of the evolution of the polystyrene(PS)air, the polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)air and the PSPMMA interfaces using in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM), and they show excellent agreement. 
M. Heida, A. Mielke, Averaging of timeperiodic dissipation potentials in rateindependent processes, Preprint no. 2336, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (4852 kByte)
We study the existence and wellposedness of rateindependent systems (or hysteresis operators) with a dissipation potential that oscillates in time with period ε. In particular, for the case of quadratic energies in a Hilbert space, we study the averaging limit ε→0 and show that the effctive dissipation potential is given by the minimum of all friction thresholds in one period, more precisely as the intersection of all the characteristic domains. We show that the rates of the process do not converge weakly, hence our analysis uses the notion of energetic solutions and relies on a detailed estimates to obtain a suitable equicontinuity of the solutions in the limit ε→0. 
P. Farrell, Th. Koprucki, J. Fuhrmann, Computational and analytical comparison of flux discretizations for the semiconductor device equations beyond Boltzmann statistics, Preprint no. 2331, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2331 .
Abstract, PDF (1964 kByte)
For a Voronoï finite volume discretization of the van Roosbroeck system with general charge carrier statistics we compare three thermodynamically consistent numerical fluxes known in the literature. We discuss an extension of the ScharfetterGummel scheme to nonBoltzmann (e.g. FermiDirac) statistics. It is based on the analytical solution of a twopoint boundary value problem obtained by projecting the continuous differential equation onto the interval between neighboring collocation points. Hence, it serves as a reference flux. The exact solution of the boundary value problem can be approximated by computationally cheaper fluxes which modify certain physical quantities. One alternative scheme averages the nonlinear diffusion (caused by the nonBoltzmann nature of the problem), another one modifies the effective density of states. To study the differences between these three schemes, we analyze the Taylor expansions, derive an error estimate, visualize the flux error and show how the schemes perform for a carefully designed pin benchmark simulation. We present strong evidence that the flux discretization based on averaging the nonlinear diffusion has an edge over the scheme based on modifying the effective density of states. 
A. Mielke, Uniform exponential decay for reactiondiffusion systems with complexbalanced massaction kinetics, Preprint no. 2326, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (444 kByte)
We consider reactiondiffusion systems on a bounded domain with noflux boundary conditions. All reactions are given by the massaction law and are assumed to satisfy the complexbalance condition. In the case of a diagonal diffusion matrix, the relative entropy is a Liapunov functional. We give an elementary proof for the Liapunov property as well a few explicit examples for the condition of complex or detailed balancing.
We discuss three methods to obtain energydissipation estimates, which guarantee exponential decay of the relative entropy, all of which rely on the logSobolev estimate and suitable handling of the reaction terms as well as the massconservation relations. The three methods are (i) a convexification argument based on the author's joint work with Haskovec and Markowich, (ii) a series of analytical estimates derived by Desvillettes, Fellner, and Tang, and (iii) a compactness argument of developed by Glitzky and Hünlich. 
L. Heltai, N. Rotundo, Error estimates in weighted Sobolev norms for finite element immersed interface methods, Preprint no. 2323, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (1105 kByte)
When solving elliptic partial differential equations in a region containing immersed interfaces (possibly evolving in time), it is often desirable to approximate the problem using a uniform background discretisation, not aligned with the interface itself. Optimal convergence rates are possible if the discretisation scheme is enriched by allowing the discrete solution to have jumps aligned with the surface, at the cost of a higher complexity in the implementation. A much simpler way to reformulate immersed interface problems consists in replacing the interface by a singular force field that produces the desired interface conditions, as done in immersed boundary methods. These methods are known to have inferior convergence properties, depending on the global regularity of the solution across the interface, when compared to enriched methods. In this work we prove that this detrimental effect on the convergence properties of the approximate solution is only a local phenomenon, restricted to a small neighbourhood of the interface. In particular we show that optimal approximations can be constructed in a natural and inexpensive way, simply by reformulating the problem in a distributionally consistent way, and by resorting to weighted norms when computing the global error of the approximation. 
P.É. Druet, Analysis of improved NernstPlanckPoisson models of isothermal compressible electrolytes subject to chemical reactions: The case of a degenerate mobility matrix, Preprint no. 2321, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (387 kByte)
We continue our investigations of the improved NernstPlanckPoisson model introduced by Dreyer, Guhlke and Müller 2013. In the paper by Dreyer, Druet, Gajewski and Guhlke 2016, the analysis relies on the hypothesis that the mobility matrix has maximal rank under the constraint of mass conservation (rank N1 for the mixture of N species). In this paper we allow for the case that the positive eigenvalues of the mobility matrix tend to zero along with the partial mass densities of certain species. In this approach the mobility matrix has a variable rank between zero and N1 according to the number of locally available species. We set up a concept of weak solution able to deal with this scenario, showing in particular how to extend the fundamental notion of emphdifferences of chemical potentials that supports the modelling and the analysis in Dreyer, Druet, Gajewski and Guhlke 2016. We prove the globalintime existence in this solution class. 
A. Mielke, D. Peschka, N. Rotundo, M. Thomas, Gradient structure for optoelectronic models of semiconductors, Preprint no. 2317, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (178 kByte)
We derive an optoelectronic model based on a gradient formulation for the relaxation of electron, hole and photon densities to their equilibrium state. This leads to a coupled system of partial and ordinary differential equations, for which we discuss the isothermal and the nonisothermal scenario separately 
K. Disser, Global existence, uniqueness and stability for nonlinear dissipative systems of bulkinterface interaction, Preprint no. 2313, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (302 kByte)
We consider a general class of nonlinear parabolic systems corresponding to thermodynamically consistent gradient structure models of bulkinterface interaction. The setting includes nonsmooth geometries and e.g. slow, fast and "entropic'' diffusion processes under mass conservation. The main results are global wellposedness and exponential stability of equilibria. As a part of the proof, we show bulkinterface maximum principles and a bulkinterface Poincaré inequality. The method of proof for global existence is a simple but very versatile combination of maximal parabolic regularity of the linearization, a priori L^{∞}bounds and a Schaefer's fixed point argument. This allows us to extend the setting e.g. to AllenCahn dissipative dynamics and to include large classes of inhomogeneous boundary conditions and external forces. 
D. Horstmann, J. Rehberg, H. Meinlschmidt, The full KellerSegel model is wellposed on fairly general domains, Preprint no. 2312, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (369 kByte)
In this paper we prove the wellposedness of the full KellerSegel system, a quasilinear strongly coupled reactioncrossdiffusion system, in the spirit that it always admits a unique localintime solution in an adequate function space, provided that the initial values are suitably regular. Apparently, there exists no comparable existence result for the full KellerSegel system up to now. The proof is carried out for general source terms and is based on recent nontrivial elliptic and parabolic regularity results which hold true even on fairly general spatial domains, combined with an abstract solution theorem for nonlocal quasilinear equations by Amann. 
A. Muntean, S. Reichelt, Corrector estimates for a thermodiffusion model with weak thermal coupling, Preprint no. 2310, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (1060 kByte)
The present work deals with the derivation of corrector estimates for the twoscale homogenization of a thermodiffusion model with weak thermal coupling posed in a heterogeneous medium endowed with periodically arranged highcontrast microstructures. The terminology ``weak thermal coupling'' refers here to the variable scaling in terms of the small homogenization parameter ε of the heat conductiondiffusion interaction terms, while the ``highcontrast'' is thought particularly in terms of the heat conduction properties of the composite material. As main target, we justify the firstorder terms of the multiscale asymptotic expansions in the presence of coupled fluxes, induced by the joint contribution of Sorret and Dufourlike effects. The contrasting heat conduction combined with cross coupling lead to the main mathematical difficulty in the system. Our approach relies on the method of periodic unfolding combined with εindependent estimates for the thermal and concentration fields and for their coupled fluxes 
S.P. Frigeri, C.G. Gal, M. Grasselli, J. Sprekels, Strong solutions to nonlocal 2D CahnHilliardNavierStokes systems with nonconstant viscosity, degenerate mobility and singular potential, Preprint no. 2309, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (374 kByte)
We consider a nonlinear system which consists of the incompressible NavierStokes equations coupled with a convective nonlocal CahnHilliard equation. This is a diffuse interface model which describes the motion of an incompressible isothermal mixture of two (partially) immiscible fluids having the same density. We suppose that the viscosity depends smoothly on the order parameter as well as the mobility. Moreover, we assume that the mobility is degenerate at the pure phases and that the potential is singular (e.g. of logarithmic type). This system is endowed with noslip boundary condition for the (average) velocity and homogeneous Neumann boundary condition for the chemical potential. Thus the total mass is conserved. In the twodimensional case, this problem was already analyzed in some joint papers of the first three authors. However, in the present general case, only the existence of a global weak solution, the (conditional) weakstrong uniqueness and the existence of the global attractor were proven. Here we are able to establish the existence of a (unique) strong solution through an approximation procedure based on time discretization. As a consequence, we can prove suitable uniform estimates which allow us to show some smoothness of the global attractor. Finally, we discuss the existence of strong solutions for the convective nonlocal CahnHilliard equation, with a given velocity field, in the three dimensional case as well. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, J. Sprekels, Optimal boundary control of a nonstandard viscous CahnHilliard system with dynamic boundary condition, Preprint no. 2307, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (347 kByte)
In this paper, we study an optimal boundary control problem for a model for phase separation taking place in a spatial domain that was introduced by PodioGuidugli in Ric. Mat. 55 (2006), pp. 105118. The model consists of a strongly coupled system of nonlinear parabolic differential equations, in which products between the unknown functions and their time derivatives occur that are difficult to handle analytically. In contrast to the existing control literature about this PDE system, we consider here a dynamic boundary condition involving the LaplaceBeltrami operator for the order parameter of the system, which models an additional nonconserving phase transition occurring on the surface of the domain. We show the Fr&aecute;chenett differentiability of the associated controltostate operator in appropriate Banach spaces and derive results on the existence of optimal controls and on firstorder necessary optimality conditions in terms of a variational inequality and the adjoint state system. 
A. Mielke, R. Rossi, G. Savaré, Global existence results for viscoplasticity at finite strain, Preprint no. 2304, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (516 kByte)
We study a model for ratedependent gradient plasticity at finite strain based on the multiplicative decomposition of the strain tensor, and investigate the existence of globalintime solutions to the related PDE system. We reveal its underlying structure as a generalized gradient system, where the driving energy functional is highly nonconvex and features the geometric nonlinearities related to finitestrain elasticity as well as the multiplicative decomposition of finitestrain plasticity. Moreover, the dissipation potential depends on the leftinvariant plastic rate and thus, depends on the plastic state variable.
The existence theory is developed for a class of abstract, nonsmooth, and nonconvex gradient systems, for which we introduce suitable notions of solutions, namely energydissipationbalance (EDB) and energydissipationinequality (EDI) solutions. Hence, we resort to the toolbox of the direct method of the calculus of variations to check that the specific energy and dissipation functionals for our viscoplastic models comply with the conditions of the general theory. 
M. Kantner, Th. Koprucki, Numerical simulation of carrier transport in semiconductor devices at cryogenic temperatures, Preprint no. 2296, WIAS, Berlin, 2016, DOI 10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2296 .
Abstract, PDF (1445 kByte)
At cryogenic temperatures the electronhole plasma in semiconductor materials becomes strongly degenerate, leading to very sharp internal layers, extreme depletion in intrinsic domains and strong nonlinear diffusion. As a result, the numerical simulation of the driftdiffusion system suffers from serious convergence issues using standard methods. We consider a onedimensional pin diode to illustrate these problems and present a simple temperatureembedding scheme to enable the numerical simulation at cryogenic temperatures. The method is suitable for forwardbiased devices as they appear e.g. in optoelectronic applications. 
W. Dreyer, P.É. Druet, P. Gajewski, C. Guhlke, Existence of weak solutions for improved NernstPlanckPoisson models of compressible reacting electrolytes, Preprint no. 2291, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (638 kByte)
We consider an improved NernstPlanckPoisson model for compressible electrolytes first proposed by Dreyer et al. in 2013. The model takes into account the elastic deformation of the medium. In particular, large pressure contributions near electrochemical interfaces induce an inherent coupling of mass and momentum transport. The model consists of convectiondiffusionreaction equations for the constituents of the mixture, of the NavierStokes equation for the barycentric velocity and the Poisson equation for the electrical potential. Crossdiffusion phenomena occur due to the principle of mass conservation. Moreover, the diffusion matrix (mobility matrix) has a zero eigenvalue, meaning that the system is degenerate parabolic. In this paper we establish the existence of a globalin time weak solution for the full model, allowing for crossdiffusion and an arbitrary number of chemical reactions in the bulk and on the active boundary. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, J. Sprekels, Global existence for a nonstandard viscous CahnHilliard system with dynamic boundary condition, Preprint no. 2284, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (331 kByte)
In this paper, we study a model for phase segregation taking place in a spatial domain that was introduced by PodioGuidugli in Ric. Mat. 55 (2006), pp. 105118. The model consists of a strongly coupled system of nonlinear parabolic differential equations, in which products between the unknown functions and their time derivatives occur that are difficult to handle analytically. In contrast to the existing literature about this PDE system, we consider here a dynamic boundary condition involving the LaplaceBeltrami operator for the order parameter. This boundary condition models an additional nonconserving phase transition occurring on the surface of the domain. Different wellposedness results are shown, depending on the smoothness properties of the involved bulk and surface free energies. 
P. Farrell, N. Rotundo, D.H. Doan, M. Kantner, J. Fuhrmann, Th. Koprucki, Numerical methods for driftdiffusion models, Preprint no. 2263, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (4768 kByte)
The van Roosbroeck system describes the semiclassical transport of free electrons and holes in a selfconsistent electric field using a driftdiffusion approximation. It became the standard model to describe the current flow in semiconductor devices at macroscopic scale. Typical devices modeled by these equations range from diodes, transistors, LEDs, solar cells and lasers to quantum nanostructures and organic semiconductors. The report provides an introduction into numerical methods for the van Roosbroeck system. The main focus lies on the ScharfetterGummel finite volume discretization scheme and recent efforts to generalize this approach to general statistical distribution functions. 
R. Rossi, M. Thomas, From adhesive to brittle delamination in viscoelastodynamics, Preprint no. 2259, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (735 kByte)
In this paper we analyze a system for brittle delamination between two viscoelastic bodies, also subject to inertia, which can be interpreted as a model for dynamic fracture. The rateindependent flow rule for the delamination parameter is coupled with the momentum balance for the displacement, including inertia. This model features a nonsmooth constraint ensuring the continuity of the displacements outside the crack set, which is marked by the support of the delamination parameter. A weak solvability concept, generalizing the notion of energetic solution for rateindependent systems to the present mixed ratedependent/rateindependent frame, is proposed. Via refined variational convergence techniques, existence of solutions is proved by passing to the limit in approximating systems which regularize the nonsmooth constraint by conditions for adhesive contact. The presence of the inertial term requires the design of suitable recovery spaces small enough to provide compactness but large enough to recover the information on the crack set in the limit. 
M. Heida, Stochastic homogenization of rateindependent systems, Preprint no. 2258, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (612 kByte)
We study the stochastic and periodic homogenization 1homogeneous convex functionals. We proof some convergence results with respect to stochastic twoscale convergence, which are related to classical Gammaconvergence results. The main result is a general liminfestimate for a sequence of 1homogeneous functionals and a twoscale stability result for sequences of convex sets. We apply our results to the homogenization of rateindependent systems with 1homogeneous dissipation potentials and quadratic energies. In these applications, both the energy and the dissipation potential have an underlying stochastic microscopic structure. We study the particular homogenization problems of PrandltReuss plasticity, Coulomb friction on a macroscopic surface and Coulomb friction on microscopic fissure. 
K. Disser, A.F.M. TER Elst, J. Rehberg, On maximal parabolic regularity for nonautonomous parabolic operators, Preprint no. 2249, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (335 kByte)
We consider linear inhomogeneous nonautonomous parabolic problems associated to sesquilinear forms, with discontinuous dependence of time. We show that for these problems, the property of maximal parabolic regularity can be extrapolated to time integrability exponents r ≠ 2. This allows us to prove maximal parabolic L^{r}regularity for discontinuous nonautonomous secondorder divergence form operators in very general geometric settings and to prove existence results for related quasilinear equations. 
M. Bulíček, A. Glitzky, M. Liero, Thermistor systems of p(x)Laplacetype with discontinuous exponents via entropy solutions, Preprint no. 2247, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (433 kByte)
We show the existence of solutions to a system of elliptic PDEs, that was recently introduced to describe the electrothermal behavior of organic semiconductor devices. Here, two difficulties appear: (i) the elliptic term in the currentflow equation is of p(x)Laplaciantype with discontinuous exponent p, which limits the use of standard methods, and (ii) in the heat equation, we have to deal with an a priori L^{1} term on the right hand side describing the Joule heating in the device. We prove the existence of a weak solution under very weak assumptions on the data. Our existence proof is based on Schauder's fixed point theorem and the concept of entropy solutions for the heat equation. Here, the crucial point is the continuous dependence of the entropy solutions on the data of the problem. 
H. Meinlschmidt, Ch. Meyer, J. Rehberg, Optimal control of the thermistor problem in three spatial dimensions, Preprint no. 2238, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (14 MByte)
This paper is concerned with the stateconstrained optimal control of the threedimensional thermistor problem, a fully quasilinear coupled system of a parabolic and elliptic PDE with mixed boundary conditions. This system models the heating of a conducting material by means of direct current. Local existence, uniqueness and continuity for the state system are derived by employing maximal parabolic regularity in the fundamental theorem of Prüss. Global solutions are addressed, which includes analysis of the linearized state system via maximal parabolic regularity, and existence of optimal controls is shown if the temperature gradient is under control. The adjoint system involving measures is investigated using a duality argument. These results allow to derive firstorder necessary conditions for the optimal control problem in form of a qualified optimality system. The theoretical findings are illustrated by numerical results. 
J. Haskovec, S. Hittmeir, P. Markowich, A. Mielke, Decay to equilibrium for energyreactiondiffusion systems, Preprint no. 2233, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (436 kByte)
We derive thermodynamically consistent models of reactiondiffusion equations coupled to a heat equation. While the total energy is conserved, the total entropy serves as a driving functional such that the full coupled system is a gradient flow. The novelty of the approach is the Onsager structure, which is the dual form of a gradient system, and the formulation in terms of the densities and the internal energy. In these variables it is possible to assume that the entropy density is strictly concave such that there is a unique maximizer (thermodynamical equilibrium) given linear constraints on the total energy and suitable density constraints. We consider two particular systems of this type, namely, a diffusionreaction bipolar energy transport system, and a driftdiffusionreaction energy transport system with confining potential. We prove corresponding entropyentropy production inequalities with explicitely calculable constants and establish the convergence to thermodynamical equilibrium, at first in entropy and further in L^{1} using CziszarKullbackPinsker type inequalities. 
P. Colli, G. Gilardi, E. Rocca, J. Sprekels, Optimal distributed control of a diffuse interface model of tumor growth, Preprint no. 2228, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (294 kByte)
In this paper, a distributed optimal control problem is studied for a diffuse interface model of tumor growth which was proposed by HawkinsDaruud et al. in citeHZO. The model consists of a CahnHilliard equation for the tumor cell fraction $vp$ coupled to a reactiondiffusion equation for a function $s$ representing the nutrientrich extracellular water volume fraction. The distributed control $u$ monitors as a righthand side the equation for $s$ and can be interpreted as a nutrient supply or a medication, while the cost function, which is of standard tracking type, is meant to keep the tumor cell fraction under control during the evolution. We show that the controltostate operator is Fréchet differentiable between appropriate Banach spaces and derive the firstorder necessary optimality conditions in terms of a variational inequality involving the adjoint state variables. 
K. Disser, M. Liero, J. Zinsl, On the evolutionary Gammaconvergence of gradient systems modeling slow and fast chemical reactions, Preprint no. 2227, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (489 kByte)
We investigate the limit passage for a system of ordinary differential equations modeling slow and fast chemical reaction of massaction type, where the rates of fast reactions tend to infinity. We give an elementary proof of convergence to a reduced dynamical system acting in the slow reaction directions on the manifold of fast reaction equilibria. Then we study the entropic gradient structure of these systems and prove an Econvergence result via Γconvergence of the primary and dual dissipation potentials, which shows that this structure carries over to the fast reaction limit. We recover the limit dynamics as a gradient flow of the entropy with respect to a pseudometric. 
M. Erbar, M. Fathi, V. Laschos, A. Schlichting, Gradient flow structure for McKeanVlasov equations on discrete spaces, Preprint no. 2219, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (393 kByte)
In this work, we show that a family of nonlinear meanfield equations on discrete spaces, can be viewed as a gradient flow of a natural free energy functional with respect to a certain metric structure we make explicit. We also prove that this gradient flow structure arises as the limit of the gradient flow structures of a natural sequence of Nparticle dynamics, as N goes to infinity 
M. Liero, A. Mielke, G. Savaré, Optimal entropytransport problems and a new HellingerKantorovich distance between positive measures, Preprint no. 2207, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract, PDF (1154 kByte)
We develop a full theory for the new class of Optimal EntropyTransport problems between nonnegative and finite Radon measures in general topological spaces. They arise quite naturally by relaxing the marginal constraints typical of Optimal Transport problems: given a couple of finite measures (with possibly different total mass), one looks for minimizers of the sum of a linear transport functional and two convex entropy functionals, that quantify in some way the deviation of the marginals of the transport plan from the assigned measures. As a powerful application of this theory, we study the particular case of Logarithmic EntropyTransport problems and introduce the new HellingerKantorovich distance between measures in metric spaces. The striking connection between these two seemingly far topics allows for a deep analysis of the geometric properties of the new geodesic distance, which lies somehow between the wellknown HellingerKakutani and KantorovichWasserstein distances. 
H. Gajewski, M. Liero, R. Nürnberg, H. Stephan, WIASTeSCA  Twodimensional semiconductor analysis package, Technical Report no. 14, WIAS, Berlin, 2016.
Abstract
WIASTeSCA (Twodimensional semiconductor analysis package) is a simulation tool for the numerical simulation of charge transfer processes in semiconductor structures, especially in semiconductor lasers. It is based on the driftdiffusion model and considers a multitude of additional physical effects, like optical radiation, temperature influences and the kinetics of deep impurities. Its efficiency is based on the analytic study of the strongly nonlinear system of partial differential equations  the van Roosbroeck system  which describes the electron and hole currents. Very efficient numerical procedures for both the stationary and transient simulation have been implemented.
WIASTeSCA has been successfully used in the research and industrial development of new electronic and optoelectronic semiconductor devices such as transistors, diodes, sensors, detectors and lasers and has already proved its worth many times in the planning and optimization of these devices. It covers a broad spectrum of applications, from heterobipolar transistor (mobile telephone systems, computer networks) through highvoltage transistors (power electronics) and semiconductor laser diodes (fiber optic communication systems, medical technology) to radiation detectors (space research, high energy physics).
WIASTeSCA is an efficient simulation tool for analyzing and designing modern semiconductor devices with a broad range of performance that has proved successful in solving many practical problems. Particularly, it offers the possibility to calculate selfconsistently the interplay of electronic, optical and thermic effects.
Talks, Poster

S. Reichelt, Corrector estimates for imperfect transmission problems, 88th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2017), Section S14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 6  10, 2017, Bauhaus Universität Weimar/Technische Universität Ilmenau, Weimar, March 7, 2017.

S. Reichelt, tba, Kolloquium ``Angewandte Mathematik'', FriedrichAlexanderUniversität ErlangenNürnberg, Lehrstuhl für Angewandte Mathematik, Erlangen.

S. Reichelt, tba, AnalysisSeminars AugsburgMünchen (ASAM), Universität Augsburg, tba, May 23, 2017.

TH. Frenzel, tba, 88th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2017), Minisymposium ``??'' oder Section ``??'', March 6  10, 2017, Bauhaus Universität Weimar/Technische Universität Ilmenau, Weimar.

M. Heida, A. Mielke, Effective models for interfaces with many scales, CRC 1114 Conference ''Scaling Cascades in Complex Systems 2017'', March 27  29, 2017.

M. Heida, Averaging of timeperiodic dissipation potentials in rateindependent processes, 88th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2017), Section S14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 6  10, 2017, Bauhaus Universität Weimar/Technische Universität Ilmenau, Weimar, March 9, 2017.

M. Liero, On entropytransport problems and the HellingerKantorovich distance, Seminar of Team EDPAIRSEACVGI, Université Grenoble Alpes, Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Grenoble, France, January 26, 2017.

M. Mittnenzweig, An entropic gradient structure Lindblad equations, 88th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2017), Section S14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 6  10, 2017, Bauhaus Universität Weimar/Technische Universität Ilmenau, Weimar, March 9, 2017.

M. Mittnenzweig, An entropic gradient structure for quantum Markov semigroups, Workshop ``Applications of Optimal Transportation in the Natural Sciences'', January 30  February 3, 2017, Mathematisches Forschungszentrum Oberwolfach, January 31, 2017.

D. Peschka, Modelling and simulation of suspension flow, Graduate Seminar PDE in the Sciences, Universität Bonn, Institut für Angewandte Mathematik, Bonn, January 20, 2017.

D. Peschka, Motion of thin droplets over surfaces, Making a Splash  Driplets, Jets and Other Singularities, March 20  24, 2017, Brown University, Institute for Computational and Experimental Research in Mathematics (ICERM), Providence, USA, March 22, 2017.

A. Glitzky, Electrothermal description of organic semiconductor devices by $p(x)$Laplace thermistor models, 88th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2017), Section S14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 6  10, 2017, Bauhaus Universität Weimar/Technische Universität Ilmenau, Weimar, March 9, 2017.

M. Thomas, Rateindependent delamination processes in viscoelasticity, Miniworkshop on Dislocations, Plasticity, and Fracture, February 13  16, 2017, Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, February 15, 2017.

D.H. Doan, A unified Scharfetter Gummel scheme, Halbleiterseminar, WIAS, March 2, 2017.

D.H. Doan, tba, 88th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2017), Minisymposium ``??'' oder Section ``??'', March 6  10, 2017, Bauhaus Universität Weimar/Technische Universität Ilmenau, Weimar.

P.É. Druet, Analysis of recent NernstPlanckPoissonNavierStokes systems of electrolytes, 88th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2017), Section S14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 6  10, 2017, Bauhaus Universität Weimar/Technische Universität Ilmenau, Weimar, March 7, 2017.

P.É. Druet, Existence of weak solutions for improved NernstPlanckPoisson models of compressible electrolytes, Seminar EDE, Institute of Mathematics, Department of Evolution Differential Equations (EDE), Prague, Czech Republic, January 10, 2017.

TH. Koprucki, tba, BlockSeminar des SFB 787 ``Nanophotonik'', June 7  9, 2017, Technische Universität Berlin, GraalMüritz.

TH. Koprucki, How to tidy up the jungle of mathematical models? A prerequisite for sustainable research software., 2nd Conference 2017 on NonTextual Information ``Software and Services for Science (S3)'', May 10  11, 2017, Technische Informationsbibliothek, Hannover, May 11, 2017.

TH. Koprucki, Mathematical knowledge management as a route to sustainability in mathematical modeling and simulation, 2nd Leibniz MMS Days 2017, February 22  24, 2017, Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB), Hannover, February 22, 2017, DOI href="http://doi.org/10.5446/21908" target="_blank">10.5446/21908 .

TH. Koprucki, On current injection into single quantum dots through oxideconfined pndiodes, 10th Annual Meeting ``Photonic Devices'', February 9  10, 2017, Zuse Institute Berlin (ZIB), Berlin, February 9, 2017.

A. Mielke, A geometric approach to reactiondiffusion equations, Institutskolloquium, Universität Potsdam, Institut für Mathematik, Potsdam, January 25, 2017.

A. Mielke, Global existence results for viscoplasticity, 88th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM 2017), Section S14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 6  10, 2017, Bauhaus Universität Weimar/Technische Universität Ilmenau, Weimar, March 10, 2017.

A. Mielke, Optimal transport versus growth and decay, International Conference ``Calculus of Variations and Optimal Transportation'' in the Honor of Yann Brenier for his 60th Birthday, January 9  11, 2017, Institut Henri Poincaré, Paris, France, January 11, 2017.

A. Mielke, Oscillations in systems with hysteresis, SFB 910 Symposium ``Stability versus oscillations in complex systems'', Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Theoretische Physik, February 10, 2017.

A. Mielke, Uniform exponential decay for energyreactiondiffusion systems, Analysis Seminar, University of Pavia, Department of Mathematics, Italy, March 21, 2017.

M. Mittnenzweig, A variational approach to the Lindblad equations, Scientific computing seminar, Université École des Ponts, CERMICS, Paris, France, April 24, 2017.

J. Rehberg, On optimal elliptic Sobolev regularity, Oberseminar Prof. Ira Neitzel, Rheinische FriedrichWilhelmsUniversität Bonn, Institut für Numerische Simulation, Bonn, February 2, 2017.

K. Disser, Convergence for gradient systems of slow and fast chemical reactions, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Session ``Applied Analysis'', March 7  11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, March 11, 2016.

K. Disser, Das LeibnizMentoring im Rückblick (Podiumsdiskussion), LeibnizMentoring Festakt, LeibnizMentoringprogramm für Wissenschaftlerinnen, Berlin, October 6, 2016.

K. Disser, Econvergence to the quasisteadystate approximation in systems of chemical reactions, ERC Workshop on Modeling Materials and Fluids using Variational Methods, February 22  26, 2016, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 25, 2016.

K. Disser, Zhukovskys Theorem in der FluidStrukturInteraktion, Universität Augsburg, Institut für Mathematik, July 4, 2016.

S. Reichelt, Competing patterns in antisymmetrically coupled SwiftHohenberg equations, International Conference on Control of Complex Systems and Networks, SFB 910 ``Control of SelfOrganizing Nonlinear Systems: Theoretical Methods and Concepts of Application'', Heringsdorf/Usedom, September 4  8, 2016.

S. Reichelt, Error estimates for elliptic and parabolic equations with oscillating coefficients, Karlstad Applied Analysis Seminar, Karlstad University, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Sweden, April 13, 2016.

S. Reichelt, Error estimates for elliptic equations with not exactly periodic coefficients, Berlin Dresden Prague Würzburg Workshop ``Homogenization and Related Topics'', Technische Universität Dresden, Fachbereich Mathematik, June 22, 2016.

S. Reichelt, Homogenization of CahnHilliardtype equations via evolutionary $Gamma$convergence, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Young Researchers' Minisymposium ``Multiscale Evolutionary Problems'', March 7  11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, March 7, 2016.

S. Reichelt, Homogenization of CahnHilliardtype equations via evolutionary Gammaconvergence, Workshop ``Patterns of Dynamics'', Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Mathematik und Informatik, July 25  29, 2016.

S. Reichelt, Homogenization of CahnHilliardtype equations via gradient structures, The 11th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, Special Session 2 ``Emergence and Dynamics of Patterns in Nonlinear Partial Differential Equation'', July 1  5, 2016, The American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Orlando (Florida), USA, July 3, 2016.

S. Reichelt, On periodic homogenization, 20. HarzSeminar zur Strukturbildung in Chemie und Biophysik, February 21  22, 2016, PhysikalischTechnische Bundesanstalt, Hahnenklee, February 22, 2016.

N. Rotundo, Numerical methods for driftdiffusion models, Seminar ``Angewandte Mathematik'', Ernst Moritz Arndt Universität Greifswald, Institut für Mathematik und Informatik, June 28, 2016.

N. Rotundo, On some extension of energydriftdiffusion models, The 19th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry (ECMI 2016), Minisymposium 34 ``Mathematical Modeling of Charge Transport in Graphene and Low Dimensional Structure'', June 13  18, 2016, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 14, 2016.

N. Rotundo, Thermodynamic modeling of optoelectronic semiconductor devices, Mathematical Models for Quantum and Classical Mechanics (SEMODAY2016), November 17  18, 2016, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartamento di Matematica, Florence, Italy, November 18, 2016.

TH. Frenzel, EDPconvergence for delamination and a wiggly energy model, 2nd Berlin Dresden Prague Würzburg Workshop on Mathematics of Continuum Mechanics, Technische Universität Dresden, Fachbereich Mathematik, Dresden, December 5, 2016.

TH. Frenzel, Evolutionary Gammaconvergence for a delamination model, Workshop on Industrial and Applied Mathematics 2016, 5th Symposium of German SIAM Student Chapters, August 31  September 2, 2016, University of Hamburg, Department of Mathematics, Hamburg, September 1, 2016.

TH. Frenzel, Evolutionary Gammaconvergence for amplitude equations and for wiggly energy models, Winter School 2016: Calculus of Variations in Physics and Materials Science, Würzburg, February 15  19, 2016.

TH. Frenzel, Examples of evolutionary Gammaconvergence, Workshop on Industrial and Applied Mathematics 2016, 5th Symposium of German SIAM Student Chapters, Hamburg, August 31  September 2, 2016.

M. Heida, A. Mielke, Ch. Kraus, M. Thomas, Effective models for interfaces with many scales, SCCS Days, CRC 1114 ``Complex Processes involving Cascades of Scales'', Ketzin, October 10  12, 2016.

M. Heida, Homogenization of the random conductance model, 7th European Congress of Mathematics (ECM), session ``Probability, Statistics and Financial Mathematics'', July 18  22, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, July 20, 2016.

M. Heida, Homogenization of the random conductance model, Workshop of the GAMM Activity Group ``Analysis of Partial Differential Equations'', September 26  28, 2016, Technische Universität Dortmund, Fachbereich Mathematik, Dortmund, September 26, 2016.

M. Heida, Large deviation principle for a stochastic AllenCahn equation, 9th European Conference on Elliptic and Parabolic Problems, May 23  27, 2016, University of Zurich, Institute of Mathematics, Gaeta, Italy, May 25, 2016.

M. Heida, On homogenization of rateindependent systems, sc Matheon Multiscale Seminar, Technische Universität Berlin, February 17, 2016.

M. Heida, Stochastic homogenization of 1homogeneous functionals, 7th European Congress of Mathematics (7ECM), Minisymposium 29 ``Nonsmooth PDEs in the Modeling Damage, Delamination, and Fracture'', July 18  22, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, July 22, 2016.

M. Heida, Stochastic homogenization of rateindependent systems, Berlin Dresden Prague Würzburg Workshop ``Homogenization and Related Topics'', Technische Universität Dresden, Fachbereich Mathematik, June 22, 2016.

M. Heida, Stochastic homogenization of rateindependent systems, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Session ``Multiscales and Homogenization'', March 7  11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, March 10, 2016.

M. Liero, Electrothermal modeling of largearea OLEDs, sc Matheon Center Days, April 11  12, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, Berlin, April 11, 2016.

M. Liero, Gradient structures for reactiondiffusion systems and optimal entropytransport problems, Workshop ``Variational and Hamiltonian Structures: Models and Methods'', July 11  15, 2016, Erwin Schrödinger International Institute for Mathematics and Physics, Vienna, Austria, July 11, 2016.

M. Liero, OLEDs  a hot matter? Electrothermal modeling of OLEDs., sc Matheon Workshop, 9th Annual Meeting ``Photonic Devices'', March 3  4, 2016, Zuse Institute Berlin, Berlin, March 4, 2016.

M. Liero, On $p(x)$Laplace thermistor models describing eletrothermal feedback in organic semiconductors, The 19th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry (ECMI 2016), Minisymposium 23 ``Charge Transport in Semiconductor Materials: Emerging and Established Mathematical Topics'', June 13  17, 2016, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 15, 2016.

M. Liero, On $p(x)$Laplace thermistor models describing eletrothermal feedback in organic semiconductors, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Section 14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 7  11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, March 9, 2016.

M. Liero, On EntropyTransport problems and distances between positive measures, ERC Workshop on Modeling Materials and Fluids using Variational Methods, February 22  26, 2016, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 25, 2016.

M. Liero, On electrothermal feedback in organic lightemitting diodes, Berlin Dresden Prague Würzburg Workshop ``Mathematics of Continuum Mechanics'', Technische Universität Dresden, Fachbereich Mathematik, December 5, 2016.

M. Liero, On entropytransport problems and the HellingerKantorovich distance, Followup Workshop to Junior Hausdorff Trimester Program ``Optimal Transportation'', August 29  September 2, 2016, Hausdorff Research Institute for Mathematics, Bonn, August 30, 2016.

M. Liero, On geodesic curves and convexity of functionals with respect to the HellingerKantorovich distance, Workshop ``Optimal Transport and Applications'', November 7  11, 2016, Scuola Normale Superiore, Dipartimento di Matematica, Pisa, Italy, November 10, 2016.

M. Mittnenzweig, Gradient structures for Lindblad equations satisfying detailed balance, 3rd PhD Workshop, May 30  31, 2016, International Research Training Group of the Collaborative Research Center (SFB) 1114 ``Scaling Cascades in Complex Systems'', Güstrow, May 31, 2016.

M. Mittnenzweig, Zwischen Flüssigkristallen und Informationstheorie, Kurs ``Eine naturwissenschaftliche Reise hinter das Display eines Smartphones'', July 4  8, 2016, Deutsche Schülerakademie, Braunschweig.

H. Neidhardt, To the spectral theory of vectorvalued SturmLiouville operators with summable potentials and point interactions, Workshop ``Mathematical Challenge of Quantum Transport in Nanosystems'' (Pierre Duclos Workshop), November 14  15, 2016, Saint Petersburg National Research University of Informational Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics, Russian Federation, November 15, 2016.

D. Peschka, A free boundary problem for the flow of viscous liquid bilayers, ERC Workshop on Modeling Materials and Fluids using Variational Methods, February 22  26, 2016, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 26, 2016.

D. Peschka, A free boundary problem for the motion of viscous liquids, 7th European Congress of Mathematics (7ECM), Minisymposium 29 ``Nonsmooth PDEs in the Modeling Damage, Delamination, and Fracture'', July 18  22, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, July 22, 2016.

D. Peschka, Mathematical modeling, analysis, and optimization of strained germaniummicrobridges, sc Matheon Center Days, April 11  12, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, Berlin, April 12, 2016.

D. Peschka, Multiphase flows with contact lines: Solid vs liquid substrates, Industrial and Applied Mathematics Seminar, University of Oxford, Mathematical Institute, UK, October 27, 2016.

D. Peschka, Scientific computing and applied mathematics for optoelectronics and soft matter problems, Universiteit Twente, Departement of Mathematics, Enschede, Netherlands, November 8, 2016.

D. Peschka, Thin film free boundary problems  Modeling of contact line dynamics with gradient formulations, CeNoSKolloquium, Westfälische WilhelmsUniversität Münster, Center for Nonlinear Science, January 12, 2016.

D. Peschka, Towards the optimization of Ge micro bridges, The 19th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry (ECMI 2016), minisymposium ``Charge Transport in Semiconductor Materials: Emerging and Established Mathematical Topics'', June 13  17, 2016, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Faculty of Mathematics, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 15, 2016.

D. Peschka, Towards the optimization of onchip germanium lasers, sc Matheon Workshop, 9th Annual Meeting ``Photonic Devices'', March 3  4, 2016, Zuse Institute Berlin, Berlin, March 4, 2016.

M. Becker, Th. Frenzel, Th. Niedermayer, S. Reichelt, M. Bär, A. Mielke, Competing patterns in antisymmetrically coupled SwiftHohenberg equations, International Conference on Control of Complex Systems and Networks, SFB 910 ``Control of SelfOrganizing Nonlinear Systems: Theoretical Methods and Concepts of Application'', Heringsdorf/Usedom, September 4  8, 2016.

J. Sprekels, A new identification problem: Optimizing the order in a nonlocal evolution equation, Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Matematica ``F. Casorati'', Italy, September 13, 2016.

J. Sprekels, On a nonstandard CahnHilliard system with dynamic boundary condition, INdAMISIMM Workshop on Trends on Applications of Mathematics to Mechanics, September 5  9, 2016, The International Society for the Interaction of Mechanics and Mathematics (ISIMM), Rome, Italy, September 9, 2016.

J. Sprekels, On a nonstandard viscous CahnHilliard system with dynamic boundary conditions, Mathematical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, December 6, 2016.

J. Sprekels, On a nonstandard viscous CahnHilliard system: Existence and optimal control, Congress of the Italian Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIMAI 2016), September 13  16, 2016, Politecnico di Milano, Italy, September 14, 2016.

J. Sprekels, On a nonstandard viscous nonlocal CahnHilliard system, ERC Workshop on Modeling Materials and Fluids using Variational Methods, February 22  26, 2016, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 23, 2016.

A. Glitzky, $p(x)$Laplace thermistor models for electrothermal effects in organic semiconductor devices, 7th European Congress of Mathematics (7ECM), Minisymposium 22 ``Mathematical Methods for Semiconductors'', July 18  22, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, July 22, 2016.

A. Glitzky, $p(x)$Laplace thermistor models for electrothermal feedback in organic semiconductor devices, 9th European Conference on Elliptic and Parabolic Problems, May 23  27, 2016, University of Zurich, Institute of Mathematics, Gaeta, Italy, May 23, 2016.

M. Thomas, Analysis and optimization for edgeemitting semiconductor heterostructures, 7th European Congress of Mathematics (ECM), session CS8A, July 18  22, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, July 19, 2016.

M. Thomas, Analysis and optimization for edgeemitting semiconductor heterostructures, The 11th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, Special Session 2 ``Emergence and Dynamics of Patterns in Nonlinear Partial Differential Equation'', July 1  5, 2016, The American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Orlando (Florida), USA, July 3, 2016.

M. Thomas, Coupling rateindependent and ratedependent processes: Delamination models in viscoelastodynamics, Oberseminar ``Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften'', Universität Würzburg, Institut für Mathematik, June 10, 2016.

M. Thomas, Coupling rateindependent and ratedependent processes: Existence results, 7th European Congress of Mathematics (ECM), minisymposium ``Nonsmooth PDEs in the Modeling Damage, Delamination, and Fracture'', July 18  22, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, July 22, 2016.

M. Thomas, Energetic concepts for coupled rateindependent and ratedependent processes: Damage & delamination in viscoelastodynamics, International Conference ``Mathematical Analysis of Continuum Mechanics and Industrial Applications II'' (CoMFoS16), October 22  24, 2016, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

M. Thomas, From adhesive contact to brittle delamination in viscoelastodynamics, The 11th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, special session ``Ratedependent and Rateindependent Evolution Problems in Continuum Mechanics: Analytical and Numerical Aspects'', July 1  5, 2016, The American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Orlando (Florida), USA, July 4, 2016.

M. Thomas, From adhesive contact to brittle delamination in viscoelastodynamics, ERC Workshop on Modeling Materials and Fluids using Variational Methods, February 22  26, 2016, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 26, 2016.

M. Thomas, Mathematische Modellierung, Analysis und Optimierung von GermaniumLasern, Vortrag vor dem WGLPräsidenten anlässlich seines WIASBesuchs, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 18, 2016.

M. Thomas, Nonsmooth PDEs in material failure: Towards dynamic fracture, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Section 14 ``Applied Analysis'', March 7  11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, March 10, 2016.

M. Thomas, Rateindependent evolution of sets, INdAMISIMM Workshop on Trends on Applications of Mathematics to Mechanics, September 5  8, 2016, The International Society for the Interaction of Mechanics and Mathematics (ISIMM), Rome, Italy, September 6, 2016.

M. Thomas, Rateindependent evolution of sets & application to fracture processes, Seminar on Analysis, Kanazawa University, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa, Japan, October 28, 2016.

D.H. Doan, Numerical methods in nonBoltzmann regimes, sc Matheon Workshop, 9th Annual Meeting ``Photonic Devices'', March 3  4, 2016, Zuse Institute Berlin, Berlin, March 4, 2016.

P.É. Druet, Existence of global weak solutions for generalized PoissonNernstPlanck systems, 7th European Congress of Mathematics (ECM), minisymposium ``Analysis of Thermodynamically Consistent Models of Electrolytes in the Context of Battery Research'', July 18  22, 2016, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, July 20, 2016.

S.P. Frigeri, On a diffuse interface model of tumor growth, 9th European Conference on Elliptic and Parabolic Problems, May 23  27, 2016, University of Zurich, Institute of Mathematics, Gaeta, Italy, May 23, 2016.

S.P. Frigeri, On some nonlocal diffuseinterface models for binary fluids: Regularity results and applications, Congress of the Italian Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIMAI 2016), September 13  16, 2016, Politecnico di Milano, Italy, September 14, 2016.

S.P. Frigeri, Optimal distributed control for nonlocal CahnHilliard/NavierStokes systems in 2D, International INdAM Conference ``Optimal Control for Evolutionary PDEs and Related Topics (OCERTO 2016)'', June 20  24, 2016, Cortona, Italy, June 24, 2016.

S.P. Frigeri, Recent results on some diffuseinterface models for incompressible binary fluids with nonlocal interaction, ERC Workshop on Modeling Materials and Fluids using Variational Methods, February 22  26, 2016, WIAS Berlin, Berlin, February 23, 2016.

TH. Koprucki, How the WIAS handles mathematical research data, 1st Leibniz MMS Days, January 27  29, 2016, WIAS, January 28, 2016.

TH. Koprucki, Mathematical research data: How the WIAS handles mathematical research data, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Zentralblatt Meeting on Mathematical Knowledge Management ``Mathematics on the WEB  Information and Communication in Mathematics'', March 7  11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, March 9, 2016.

TH. Koprucki, On current injection into single quantum dots through oxideconfined PNdiodes, 16th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices (NUSOD 2016), July 7  17, 2016, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, July 14, 2016.

A. Mielke, Entropyentropy production estimates for energyreaction diffusion systems, Workshop ``Forefront of PDEs: Modelling, Analysis and Numerics'', December 12  14, 2016, Technische Universität Wien, Institut für Analysis and Scientific Computing, Austria, December 13, 2016.

A. Mielke, Evolution driven by energy and entropy, SFB1114 Kolloquium, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, June 30, 2016.

A. Mielke, Evolutionary Gammaconvergence, 2nd CENTRAL School on Analysis and Numerics for Partial Differential Equations, August 29  September 2, 2016, HumboldtUniversität zu Berlin, Institut für Mathematik.

A. Mielke, Evolutionary relaxation for a rateindependent phasetransformation model, Workshop ``Mechanics of Materials: Mechanics of Interfaces and Evolving Microstructure'', March 14  18, 2016, Mathematisches Forschungszentrum Oberwolfach, March 14, 2016.

A. Mielke, Exponential decay into thermodynamical equilibrium for reactiondiffusion systems with detailed balance, Workshop ``Patterns of Dynamics'', July 25  29, 2016, Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Mathematik und Informatik, July 28, 2016.

A. Mielke, Global existence for finitestrain viscoplasticity via the energydissipation principle, Seminar ``Analysis & Mathematical Physics'', Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Vienna, Austria, July 7, 2016.

A. Mielke, Gradient structures and dissipation distances for reactiondiffusion equation, Mathematisches Kolloquium, Westfälische WilhelmsUniversität, Institut für Mathematik, Münster, April 28, 2016.

A. Mielke, Microstructure evolution via relaxation for a rateindependent elastic twophase model, Joint Annual Meeting of DMV and GAMM, Session ``Applied Analysis'', March 7  11, 2016, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, March 10, 2016.

A. Mielke, Multiscale modeling via evolutionary Gamma convergence, 3rd PhD Workshop, May 30  31, 2016, International Research Training Group of the Collaborative Research Center (SFB) 1114 ``Scaling Cascades in Complex Systems'', Güstrow, May 30, 2016.

A. Mielke, Mutual recovery sequences and evolutionary relaxation of a twophase problem, 2nd Workshop on CENTRAL Trends in Analysis and Numerics for PDEs, May 26  28, 2016, Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Prague, Czech Republic, May 27, 2016.

A. Mielke, On a model for the evolution of microstructures in solids  Evolutionary relaxation, KTGUIMU Mathematics Colloquia, March 30  31, 2016, Kyoto University, Department of Mathematics, Japan, March 31, 2016.

A. Mielke, On entropic gradient structures for classical and quantum Markov processes with detailed balance, Pure Analysis and PDEs Seminar, Imperial College London, Department of Mathematics, UK, May 11, 2016.

A. Mielke, On the HellingerKantorovich distance for reaction and diffusion, Workshop ``Interactions between Partial Differential Equations & Functional Inequalities'', September 12  16, 2016, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Institut MittagLeffler, Stockholm, Sweden, September 12, 2016.

A. Mielke, On the geometry of reaction and diffusion, INdAMISIMM Workshop on Trends on Applications of Mathematics to Mechanics, September 5  8, 2016, The International Society for the Interaction of Mechanics and Mathematics (ISIMM), Rome, Italy, September 7, 2016.

A. Mielke, Optimal transport versus reaction  On the geometry of reactiondiffusion equations, Pure Analysis and PDEs Seminar, Imperial College London, Department of Mathematics, UK, May 12, 2016.

A. Mielke, Rateindependent microstructure evolution via relaxation of a twophase model, Workshop ``Advances in the Mathematical Analysis of Material Defects in Elastic Solids'', June 6  10, 2016, Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, June 10, 2016.

J. Rehberg, On Hölder continuity for elliptic and parabolic problems, 8th Singular Days, June 27  30, 2016, University of Lorraine, Department of Sciences and Technologies, Nancy, France, June 29, 2016.

J. Rehberg, On nonsmooth parabolic equations, Oberseminar Analysis, Universität Kassel, Institut für Mathematik, May 2, 2016.

J. Rehberg, On nonsmooth parabolic equations, Oberseminar Analysis, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institut für Angewandte Mathematik, May 10, 2016.

J. Rehberg, On optimal elliptic Sobolev regularity, Oberseminar Analysis, Technische Universität Clausthal, Institut für Mathematik, ClausthalZellerfeld, January 20, 2016.
External Preprints

J. Behrndt, M.M. Malamud, H. Neidhardt, Scattering matrices and DirichlettoNeumann maps, Preprint no. arXiv:1511.02376v2, Cornell University Library, arXiv.org, 2016.
Abstract
A general representation formula for the scattering matrix of a scattering system consisting of two selfadjoint operators in terms of an abstract operator valued TitchmarshWeyl mfunction is proved. This result is applied to scattering problems for different selfadjoint realizations of Schrödinger operators on unbounded domains, Schrödinger operators with singular potentials supported on hypersurfaces, and orthogonal couplings of Schrödinger operators. In these applications the scattering matrix is expressed in an explicit form with the help of DirichlettoNeumann maps.
Research Groups
 Partial Differential Equations
 Laser Dynamics
 Numerical Mathematics and Scientific Computing
 Nonlinear Optimization and Inverse Problems
 Interacting Random Systems
 Stochastic Algorithms and Nonparametric Statistics
 Thermodynamic Modeling and Analysis of Phase Transitions
 Nonsmooth Variational Problems and Operator Equations