Exponential decay of the free energy for discretized electro-reaction-diffusion systems
- Glitzky, Annegret
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 35B40 35K57 78A35 35R05 65M12
- Reaction--diffusion systems, drift--diffusion processes, motion of charged, particles, energy estimates, thermodynamic equilibria, asymptotic behaviour,, time and space discretization
Our focus are electro-reaction-diffusion systems consisting of continuity equations for a finite number of species coupled with a Poisson equation. We take into account heterostructures, anisotropic materials and rather general statistical relations. We introduce a discretization scheme (in space and fully implicit in time) using a fixed grid but for each species different Voronoi boxes which are defined with respect to the anisotropy matrix occurring in the flux term of this species. This scheme has the special property that it preserves the main features of the continuous systems, namely positivity, dissipativity and flux conservation. For the discretized electro-reaction-diffusion system we investigate thermodynamic equilibria and prove for solutions to the evolution system the monotone and exponential decay of the free energy to its equilibrium value. The essential idea is an estimate of the free energy by the dissipation rate which is proved indirectly.
- Nonlinearity, 21 (2008) pp. 1989--2009.